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Original Papers 

Relating to the 


T O T H E 

Ifland of CUB A. 


(Price Two Shillings.) 

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Original Papers 

Relating tp the 


T O T H E 

Ifland of CUBA 

Magna eji Veritas y et pravalebit. 


Printed for M. C o o p e r, at the Globe iq 
Pater-nojier-row. M dcc xliv. 

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[ 5 ] "-" 



VICE AD MIR A L of the Blue, 


Commander in Chief of his Majejifs Ships and 
^elfeh in the W e s T-I n d i e s. 

c T T ^ ^ Majefty*s Ships defigned for the pre- 
fent Expedition being now in a Readinefs 

T'^ 9/r C H A L o N E R O G L E, Rear-Admiral of the 
Blue Squadron of his Majejifs Fleet. 
S I R, 


JL Jl to proceed to Sea, agreeable to my ge- 
neral Orders for their being ready as this Day ; 
r And as the Difficulties of the Channel for our 
Q getting to Sea, make it highly imprudent to at- 

1 tempt doing it together ; 

You are hereby required and direded, to detach 

, two Ships of your Divifion to Sea, with the iirft 

3 Detachment of Tranfports that General tVentworib 

g Ihall fend you Advice are ready to proceed to Sea ; 

2 and to detach two more Ships of your Divifion, 
ui with fuch as fhall be ready to proceed on the fe- 
]\ cond Day ; and to go out with the Remainder of 
< your Divifion on the third Day ; ordering thofc 

Detachments that have prcceeded you to be work- 
ing to windward under an eafy fail, to colledl them- 
felves together under Tellows, or Morant Bay, till 
you come up with them, for proceeding with 
them, with an eafy fail, to our firft Place of ge- 

B neral 


neral Rendezvous in Donna Maria Bay : Which 
Rendezvous the Colonel of the Train, and the 
Agent of the Tranfports, have both of them my 
Orders to deliver to the refpedive Storefhips and 
Tranfports under their Orders ; and it is to be de- 
li ver'd fealed up, for being open'd only in cafe 
of Separation. And you will give the faid Ren- 
dezvous to the commanding Officer of the feparate 
Detachments of your Divifion : And you know the 
next Rendezvous that is to be given, in purfuance 
of our laft general Council of War. 

As I fhall be following you myfelf the next Day, 
and leaving Orders with fome of my Divifion to 
bring up the remaining Ships after us, I fhall foon 
join you ; or you will have a fhort Retreat to me, 
in cale of meeting any fuperior Squadron of the 

All Spanijh Ships or VefTels that you fliall meet 
with, you are to ufe your utmoft Endeavours to 
take, fmk, burn, or deftroy. 

And as to the daring and unauthorized Attempts 
of the Subjects of any Nation to cover and protect 
the Ships, Peifons, or EfFe6ls of his Majefty*s 
Enemies the Spaniards i you are to take care to 
prevent the lame, and to feize the faid Spaniards 
Ships, Perfons, or Effeds, wherever you fhall find 
the fame on the Seas *, as you will the Ships and 
VefTels of any Nation whatfoevcr, that you fhall 
meet with attempting to fupply his Majefty's Ene- 
mies the Spaniards with contraband Stores, for their 
being further proceeded againfl according to Law : 
Taking care to give particular Diredions, for fe- 
curing the Papers and Effeds of all Ships or Vef- 
fels fo taken or feizcd, from all manner of Plunder 
and Embezzlement. 

But on meeting any of the Guarda Cojlas of his 
mofl Chrifiian Majefty, you are to prefcrve with 



them that good Correfpondence that ought to^ 
fubfift between the Subjefts of Princes in Amity 
with each other. For, &c. 

Given on board the Boyne in Port Royal HzrhovoTy 
Jamaica^ this 2 5thof7f, 1741. 

E. Vernon. 

^0 Captain R e n t o N e of the Rippon. 
By, ^c, 

YO U are hereby required and direded, with his 
Majefty's Ship the Rippon under your Com- 
mand, to put to Sea with all poflible Expedition, 
and make the beft of your Way to windward ; and 
to get up into a proper Station for cruizing to 
windward of St. Jago, for intercepting the Trade 
of the Enemy going to or coming from that Port, 
and obferving fuch other Diredions as you have 
my verbal Orders for. And the Seahorfe being un- 
der my Orders to cruize off there to the loth. 
of July, you are to look out for her in the faid 
Station, as you may expeft to meet Intelligence 
from her, for your better Government in the Execu- 
tion of my Orders. And on meeting with her, you 
are to deliver Capr. Allen my Orders for putting 
himfelf under your Command, and to continue 
him cruizing under your Orders, as beft fhall an- 
fwer the due Execution of the Service you are or- 
dered upon ; either by keeping him off St. Jago 
and yourfelf further to windward of Walthenam 
B^y, or porting him other wife, as you fhall judge 
moll expedient from the Intelligence you may 

All Spanijh Ships and Veflels that you fhall meet 
with, you are to ufc your utmoft Endeavours to 
take, fink, burn, or deftroy. 

6 2 And 

[ 8] 

And as to the daring and unauthorized Attempts 
of the Subje<5ls of any Nation, to rover and protect 
the Ships, Perfons, or Effects of his Majefty*s 
Enemies the Spaniards \ you are not to permit the 
fame, but to feize the faid Ships, Perfons, or Ef- 
fects of his Majefty's Enemies the Spaniards^ where- 
ever you fhall find the fame on the Seas ; as you 
will the Ships and VefTels of any Nation, that you 
fhall meet with going to fupply his Majefty's Ene- 
mies the Spaniards with Contraband Stores, for 
their being further proceeded againft here accord- 
ing to Law. 

, But on meeting with any of the Guarda Cojias 
of his moft Chriftian Majefty, you are carefully to 
preferve with them that good Correfpondence that 
ought to fubfift between Officers in the ServicQ 
of Princes in Amity with each other. 

And you are to continue cruizing a little to 
windward of Walthenam Bay, to the 30th Day of 
July next, or your looner receiving further Or- 
ders from me by fome of my Cruizers in the faid 
Station. For which this Ihall be your Warrant. 

Given under my Hand, on board his Majefty's 
Ship the B(ryne^ in Fort Royal Harbour, Jamaica^ 
this 2 5th of JunCy 1741. 


To the Hon, General Y/eut wort h. 

HIS Majefty's Ships defigned for the prefent 
Expedition being now in a Readinefs for the 
Sea, agreeable to my Orders to them to be ready 
as this Day, I could not omit the firft Opportunity 
of . acquainting you with it. 

And as the Difficulties of the Channel for our 
going out, make it nectary to proceed to Sea by 



Detachments, Sir Chaloner O^le has my Orders for 
detaching two of his Divifion to Sea, as Convoy to 
the firft of our Tranfports, or Storefhips, that you 
Ihall fignify to him your having in a Readinefs to 
proceed with them. And he will detach two more 
the fecond Day, and go out himfelf with thofe that 
are ready the third -, as I propofe to do myfelf the 
fourth Day with my Divifion, leaving only behind 
us one Ship, as Convoy to whomever you may not 
have ready to proceed with us then. 

And I believe you will agree with me, in think- 
ing we cannot too foon proceed, to avail ourlelvcs 
of the Alarm that may be given his Majefty's Ene- 
mies, by the Appearance of the large Fleet under" 
Convoy of Mr. Le0ock*s Squadron towards the 
Hffvanna : And the fooner we are going, the longer 
Time we (hall have to ad: in before the Rains come 
in upon us. 

And Capt. Rentone has my Orders for proceed- 
ing to Sea before us to-morrow, for making all 
neceflary Obfervations, as I nryentioned to you that 
I intended. 

With my bed Wifhes for Succcfs to our joint- 
Endeavours for his Majefty*s Service, I am, 

Boyne, June 25, 1741. XoUT Mqfi OkiHefU, 

Humble Servant^ 

E. V. 

To the Hdn. General Wentworth. 

AFTER congratulating you on our Forces 
having hitherto got io fafely into the Sea, 
without any ill Accident ; I fend this Letter by 
Capt. Tr^(7r, to let you know I dcfign, as I -formerly 
acquainted you, to fail my fetf to-morrow, with 


[ lo] 

the Remainder of my Divifion that are in prefent 
Condition for proceeding. And as it is lb necef- 
fary for us to be at the Head of our Forces as foon 
as poffible, and to keep together, I am perfwaded 
you are very ready and defirous of faiUng at the 
fame Time : And if there fhould be any of your 
Tranfports or Storefhips that may require any 
longer Delay, if you will pleafe to advife me of it, 
as I have fome Ships that will follow me foon, I 
will leave all the neceffary Orders with them, for 
taking them under their Convoy and bringing 
them after us. 

When I refleft on the prodigious Sum this Ex- 
pedition has coft our Royal Mafter, and how high 
the Nation has carried their Expectations from it, 
I cannot but be animated with a Zeal to exert the 
utmoft of my Abilities, to anfwer the Expediation 
of our Royal Mafter and the Nation -, and am per- 
fwaded you are animated with the fame Zeal, and 
will look with a juft Refentment on all who fhall 
ihew any Want of it. I am, 

J^oynf, June 30, 1741. Your mofi Obedient, 

Humble Servant, 

E. V. 

To General Wentworth. 

AFTER congratulating you on our being got 
fafe out into the Sea without any Accident, 
with our great Ships, and through that hazardous 
Channel (which I chink a good Providence, and 
a happy Omen of our future Succefs -,) I fend this 
to deiire you would return me, by the Bearer, the 
Papers I left with you for your Perufal, as I have 
a View of making a further Ufe of them, as a Key 


[ " ] ^ 

to my future Enquiries, to avail ourfelves ^11 we 
can of the happy Providence of having in our 
Hands fo many proper Perfons to enquire of. 

I am giving Orders now to Capt. Cleland, to- 
take under his Care, Prote<5bion and Convoy, the 
Leewardmoft of our Tranfports and Storefliips, 
that we way advance a little fafter, to get up with 
the main Body of thofe fcnt to Sea before us. 
I am, 

Boy fie at Sea, July 2, Tour mo ft Obedient, 

*74^' Humble Servant, 

E. V. 

To Captain Cleland, of the Worcefler. 
By, ^c. 

YO U are hereby required and direded, to come 
with an eafy Sail after us, for keeping under 
your Care, Prote<5lion and Convoy, the Leeward- 
moft of our Tranfports and Storefhips, and con- 
ducing them fafely to the firft Place of our general 
Rendezvous, (which you have had delivered you 
open, and they have received like wife) off Cape 
Donna Maria. And after getting them there, if 
you don't find me there, or other Orders from me 
by fome of my Cruizers, you are then to proceed 
with them to my fecond Place of general Rendez- 
vous (which you have received feaPd, to be open*d 
there j) and to give them there Orders conformable 
to it, for knowing where to come, if by any Acci- 
dent they fhould lofe Company with you. And 
this you are ftridlly in joined to take all poffible 
Care in, as you muft expecft to anfwer, at your 
Peril, for any Difappointment that may arile to 
the Expedition through any Careleflliefs or Remifl- 
nefs in you, or your Officers; whom you will 


[ 12 ] 

give the ftridbeft Orders to, for being careful in 
their relpe6tive Watches ; and you will carry a 
Top Light, for their keeping Company with you, 
and making all the proper Signals to them by 
Day and by Night *, and repeat my Signals while 
we are in View, that they may obferve your being 
appointed to take Care of them. For, ^c. 

Given on board the Boyne^ at Sea, this 2d of 
July, 1 741. 

To General Wentworth. 

AS I am going to fend Capt. Broderick, in the 
Sborebam, to Jamaica, who is juft returned 
from his Cruize off Carthagena, I have fent an 
Officer to wait on you for any Letters you may 
have to fend to Jamaica by him. He found every 
Thing lying in the Condition we left it in, having 
had the Opportunity to obferve it, by his fending 
his Lieutenant in at Boca Grande, and fo by Cajiillo 
Grande, to the Town, with fome Prifoners I had 
promifed the Vice Roy the RemifHon of to him : 
But they ftopp*d the Boat before it reached the 
Town, and defired the Officer to go back to Caf- 
alio Grande, and wait there for the Anfwer to my 
Letter. Whilft he was there, he had the Opportu- 
nity to obferve they were loading Stones from the 
Ruins of that Caftle, to carry to Carfhagena -, and 
he learnt by a Negroe that fpoke Englifh, that 
they were employed in new Works, which they 
were raifing at Hemini, expelling another Vifit 
from us. He looked in at Boca Chica likewifc, 
And found Things juft as we left them, only a 
Guard placed at the Ruins of Boca Chica Caftle, 

After congratulating you on our happily being 
got fo far in our Way that we may foon hope to 

t '3 ] 

be aifembled, for proceeding to Walthenaffi \ I fend 
you, inclored, the Examination, taken in.Wnring, 
oijohn Drake, who is fo well acquainted with the 
Road from thence to St. Jago. And as that is an 
open Town, and the Accefs to it fo plain and clear 
from thence, I cannot but flatter rnyielf we have 
a very eafy and fure Game to play. I am fully 
perfwaded that ther^ is no way to begin it with 
Succefs but from thence ; and I think it is fo fure 
of Succefs, that I mention it lb, that you may 
think of giving neceffary Orders for preparing 
your recovered Men to be ready for embarking, to 
come to us on the firft Orders. I am, 

Boyncy off the Navajfa^ ToUT moji Ohe^eUt, 

>/ri2, 1741. Humble Servant, 
E. V. 

To cS/> C H A L O N E R O G L E. 

S P'R, 

AFTER congratulating you on our having got 
our Flock up in fo fair a Way, I am glad to 
acquaint you, I have likewife had the Pleafure to 
have my Cruizers join me, both from Carthagena 
and Leogane : And as they bring nothing very ma- 
terial, mall defer acquainting you with Particulars 
till, I have the Pleafure of feeing you next. 

But having drawn up the Information from the 
Perfbn I have had fo long on board, in Writing, 
to fend it to the General to-day, and to let him 
fee how very prafticable it is to come to St. Jago 
from JVahhenam *, I fend you now inclofed a Copy 
of it. 

And having got fome further Informations by 
means of a Prifoner from thfcnce, I think we have 
all the Lights we want, and fhall be glad to chat 
over Particulars with you. 

C I intend 


[ '4] 

I intend now only to gather together what we 
have of our Flock, and to proceed direftly with 
them to Walthenam : But want to fee Wallace, to 
know if he has yet dehvered qut our fecond Ren- 
dezvous for Walthenam Bay, which, if not done, will 
be neceflary to be done firfl -, and then I will leave 
Capt. T^ent to cruize for a fhort Time off Cape 
Donna Maria, for picking up all Stragglers, and 
bringing them after us. I am, 

Boyne, ofF the Navafa, Tour moji Obedient, 

July I z, 1 741 . Humble Servant, 

E. V. 

P. S. Capt. Allen brought me fixty-four Pri- 
foners from St. Jago the Evening you failed. Pray 
order your People to be careful in repeating my^ 

Declaration of Jo liti Drake, Mariner. 

HE was taken, going from the Bay of Honduras 
to New England, by a. Spanijh Schooner, about 
thirteen Years ago, and carried into Trinidado ; 
where he ftaid about a Week, and then went to 
Puerto del Ppncipe, in order to get a Paflage to 
Jamaica : But finding he could get a very com- 
fortable Living there by fifhing, he remained and 
followed that Employment about ten Years, fome- 
times at Puerto del Principe, fometimes at Bayamo, 
Atid fometimes at St.Ja^o : From whence he went 
to Punto d* Enemigo, a Place about feven Leagues 
to windward of Guantinam, v/here he lived about 
two Years by hunting, paying one Don Jofipb 
Muftilier (a Prieft) theXhird of whatever he killed. 
He is very well acquainted with all tlie Coaft, 
and as far as about five Leagues within Land, 


from St.Jago to the faid Punio d* Enemigo. Guan- 
tinam is a fine large Harbour, about two or three 
Leagues broad, and has a Frefti- Water River run- 
ning into it on the Leewardmoft Side 5 up which 
River for about a League there is four or five Fa- 
thom Water, and on the Larboard Side the King's 
Salina. Further up, the Water fhoals, but in fuch 
a Manner that this Ship's Longboat can very well 
pafs about three or four Leagues ; farther than 
which even a Doree cannot pafs, being only Ankle 
deep. About two Leagues from the King's Salinay 
upwards on the Starboard Side, are two other Sa- 
linas^ from which Salinas to a Village called Santa 
Catalina^ containing about an hundred Houfes and 
one Church, it is eight Leagues. The Inhabitants 
arc Indians and Mulaitoes, who live by hunting and 
raifing of Stock. This Village of Sania Catalina 
lies in the direft Road from St. Jago to Baraccoat 
it being from St. Jago to Santa Catalina thirteen 
Leagues, and from Santa Catalina to Baraccoa thirty 
Leagues ; and he has himfelf walked from Santa 
Catalina to St. Jago in twelve Hours. The Road 
from the Barkadier to Santa Catalina is about two 
Leagues along the River Side; from thence a 
good open Road for about two Leagues more, 
when there is a fine large Savanna for about two 
Leagues more ; and the remaining two Leagues, 
the Road is likewifc good and open, you every now 
and then meeting with a Crawle or Cattle-Pen. 
From Santa Catalina to St. Jago., the Road is for 
the moft part woody. Hills and Dales ; but, in the 
narroweft Part, fo broad that ten Men may very 
well go a-breaft; and every here and there you 
will fee a Crawle or Cattle-Pen, and find three or 
four Rivulets in the Pafllxge. In the dry Seafon 
of the Year, which is from Obloher to JunL\ all 

C 2 thefe 

[ i6] 

thefe Roads are very good, and, even in the rainy 
Seafon, paflable without much Difficulty. 

'The foregoing Account I affirm to he true^ to the 
beji of my Knowledge. Dated on board his Majcfty^s 
Ship the Boyne, July lo, 1741-. 

^yitf>efs, John Drake. 

Thomas Watfon, 
William Rogers. 

Declaration <?/ Henry Cavelier. 

HE was Carpenter of an AJfiento Brigantine, 
feized in the Port of St. Jago about twenty- 
three Months ago, and, with all the reft of the 
Crew, made a Prifoner. Whilft there, he was em- 
ployed at Morro^ EJirella, and Santa Catalina Caf- 
tles, making- a Shed for the Engliflj Prifoners at 
work to lie under, repairing three Canoas, making 
one hundred and fifty Hodds, fifty Rammers for 
ramming and levelling the Batteries, a large Wheel 
for boring fome honeycombed Guns, cutting down 
Timber in the Mountain about a League and a 
half off, making nine Carriages, Doors and Door 
Frames for the Bread-Room, two Doors for the 
intended Powder - Room , and fundry Coopers 

At the Entrance of the Port, on the Starboard 
Side, is a low Battery called the Punto^ which has 
two 12 Pounders and three 6 Pounders, and orie 
Gun (i 4 Pounder) at the Entrance below, point- 
ing to the Road which leads from the Bay where 
you land. About half way up the Hill, by Steps, 
IS another Battery, called Plataforma Grande^ front- 
ing the Sea, with eight 42 Pounders and two 1 8 
Pounders ; with , feven Caves thereon for lodging 
Soldiers and Provifions, the Weftermoft of which 
is for a Powder-Room, and the Eaftermoft for a 


Cook-Room. The Powder-Room is partition'd 
from the reft by the folid Hill, but all the others 
are flufh, without any Partition at all. The En- 
trance into thefe Caves is about ten Feet wide, and 
they are dug into the folid HSll. Higher up, is ano- 
ther Battery, which has two honeycombed Guns, 
4 Pounders, and a Ciftern which will contain about 
two or three thoufand Gallons of Water. Higher 
up, is another fmall Platform, with a little Ciftern 
to contain about nine or ten Hogfheads of Water ; 
this Platform has no Guns. Higher up, is ano- 
ther Platform, about twenty Feet from the Top of 
the Hill, which has ten Guns, 4 Pounders, two of 
them Brafs ; three of thefe Guns point to the Sea, 
all the reft to the Land. Under this Platform is 
the Entrance into the Morro Caftle. Above, thro* 
a Gate about ten Feet wide, about fixteen Feet from 
the Gate, is a dry Mote, about fixteen or eighteen 
Feet wide, and as many deep , and about fixteen 
Feet from this Mote, is another, about eleven Feet 
wide and as many deep, with a Draw-bridge over 

The Eftrella has a Battery of 1 8 Pounders, and, 
about twenty Feet below, a fmall Battery of three 
Guns, 1 8 Pounders, both fronting the Entrance of 
the Port ; and on the fime level with the ten-gun 
Battery, is an Angle fronting crofs the Harbour, 
which has itvtw Guns, 4 Pounders, none of them 
mounted, the Carriages not being made when he 
came away. This Ejhella is cafily furprized, fe- 
veral Paths leading to the Top thereof, from 
which you will fire down upon all the laid Batte- 
ries, or even knock the Men on the Head with the 
Stones from the Top : The Eaftermoft Side is 
open, and without any Defence. The Ejhella once 
gained will command the Punio^ the Weftermoft 


[ i8] 

End of Plataforma Grande, and the Top of Morro 

A little to the Northward of the Efirella is ano- 
ther little Battery, called Santa Catalina, which has 
two 1 2 Pounders lying almoft level with the Wa- 
ter, and fronting the Entrance of the Port j this 
Battery, with twenty Men only, may be eafily fur- 
prized and taken at any Time. 

About a League and a half to windward of this 
Morro Caftle, is a little Battery, called Juraguacita, 
which has four Guns, and a Mote round it ; he 
was not nearer than one hundred and fifty Yards to 
it, fo cannot give a more particular Defcription 

About four Leagues and a half farther, to the 
Eaftward, is another Battery of eight Guns, called 
Juragua Grande, which he was informed of by the 
Engineer and fundry Spaniards, but never faw it 

Between this Battery and the City, about Mid- 
way, he has been informed, there is another, built 
on a rifing Ground, which is faid to mount fixteen 
Guns -, but cannot tell any thing of it from his 
own Knowledge. 

The foregoing is a true Information, to the heji of 
wy Knowledge. Dated on board his Majefly*s Ship the 
Boyne, this nth Day of July, 1 74 1 . 

^itnefs, Henry Cavelier. 

Thomas Watlon, 
W. Rogers. 

To General Wentworth. 

AS I fee moft of our Flock in fight, I purpofe 
foon to be making fail for Walthenam ; and 
have made the Signal for all Mafters of Merchant 
Ships, and for all the Mafters of the Tranlports 


[ '9 1 

and Storefhips coming to receive their fecond Ren- 
dezvous in fValthenam Bay ; leaft Mr. Wallace and 
Major hewis Ihould not have had an Opportunity 
to deliver out tbofe they had in Orders from me. 
But as none of the Mafters feem to take any No- 
tice of the Signal, I fhould be glad, ifo you have 
^y Signal they will take more Notice of, that you 
will be pleafed to make it, and give Walthemm 
Bay for the next Place of Rendezvous to them, in 
Cafe of Separation. 

ThePerfon whofe Information I fcnt you, I have 
on board , and he will be ready at your Service. 
I think no Man living could have had greater Op- 
portunities for being acquainted with the Roads in 
thofe Parts, than one ranging in them for his JUive- 
lyhood for fo long a Time. I am, 

Boyne, ofF t\icNavaJfa, XoUT mofi Obedient, 

July II, 1 74 J . Humble Servant^ 


To ^/r Ch A LONER Ogle. 

T Hough I made the Signal Yefterday for Maf- 
ters of Merchant Ships, and have repeated 
it torday, yet not one Mafter of Tranfport or 
Storefhip has come to it, to receive Orders for our 
fecond Place of Rendezvous in JValtbenam Bay, 
which I defign now putting for a? fpon as we have 
any Wind. 

I have difpatched away the Tilhury and the Lud- 
low Caftle, of my Divifion, for Donna Maria, for 
picking up all that may have draggled that Way, 
and bringing them to us in fValthetiam Bay ; and 
have given Orders to the Princefs Louifa and Expe- 
riment, of your Divifion, for going to the Ships 


[ 20 ] 

to Leeward of us, to get them together, and bring 
them to us there Hkewife. 

And I made the general Signal for all Captains 
now, that, in Cafe of Separation, every one may 
colledl together thofe near him, and bring them 
to the faid'general Rendezvous in Walthenam. 

And as loon as they are come to the Signal, I 
will make fail to lead with my Divifion ; and de- 
fire you would bring up the Stern moft of them 
with your Divifion, that we may all get to our 
general Rendezvous as foon as may be : And I 
have ordered the Kent to take under her Care and 
Tow the Tranfport that made the Signal of Dif- 
trefs, and to bring her to Walthenam Bay. 

Captain Allen has joined us this Morning ; he 
left Port Royal on Wednefday laft, but no News 
from England fince our failing. 

But the Rofe Man of War lately convoy'd from 
Carolina fome Ships ^ixhRice for the Fleet, which 
he faw in fight of Jamaica, and then returned to 
his Station, and they are fafe arrived in the Harbour. 

I long to fee our Flock aflembled at our general 
Rendezvous, that we may be doing ; and am, 

S I R, 
Boyne, ofF the Navaja, Tonr moft Obedient^ 

July I i, 17^1. Humble Servant, 

E. V. 

To Sir Cu A LoUiKO Ghz. 

AFTER congratulating you on our good 
Landfall yeflerday, and fair Proved: of get- 
ting our Fleet in to-day ; 

As I am perfwaded you are entirely of Opinion 
with me, that we Hiould lofe no Time in advanc- 
ing and getting a Footing on Shore ; and as I un- 


[21 ] 

derftand our rmali VeflTels can get above the Salinas, I 
am going to difpatch Cdi'gt.ForreJi in, in the Bomb- 
Ketch, to take the Command of thofe firft de- 
ligned to get up as high as they can go , which 
are, his Bomb-Ketch, my Brig Tender and Sloop, 
the Bomb Tender from my Divifion, and Captain 
Ormond Tompfon in his Firefhip, from your Diviiion. 
And I fhall fend my Company of Americans on 
board thofe of my Divifion, and defire, as foon as 
you get in, you would fend your Company of Ame- 
ricans on board the Firefhip of your Divifion, to 
go up in her, and follow the Orders they fhall re- 
ceive from Capt. Forrefi or Capt. Watfon \ but to 
follow the Bomb-Ketch, and to take Capt. Forreft*^ 
Orders where to place his Ship. 
' And as Capt. Stevens, in the other Firefhip of 
your Divifion, has been here as Lieutenant of the 
Sheernefsy I would have you make his Signal di- 
redlly ; and order him to make all the Sail he can 
in dire<5Hy, and to anchor his Firefhip, as foon as 
he gets in, on the Leeward part of the Channel, 
going in ; and to hoift his Jack at his M^in-top- 
mafl Head, to fhew he is there to buoy the Channel 
for them ; and I will give the fame Orders to 
Capt. Barnard, of my Divifion, to anchor with his 
Firefhip on the windward Part of the Channel, 
for our Flock's going in between them. 

And as foon as we are in, I defire you would 
make the general Signal for the refl of your Cap- 
tains, and give all the Ships of the Line Orders 
immediately to fend their Barges mann'd and 
arm'd, to come under my Stern, and go under the 
general Command of Capt. Watfon i fand Captain 
Dennis may Command thofe of your Divifion, if 
you think proper ;) and to fend, befides, an Eight- 
Oar*d Boat or Yawl, with a Mate in it, to repair 
diredly on board the Bomb- Ketch, and follow the 

D Orders 

t 22 ] 

Orders of Captain Forreft, for towing his Flotilla 
where he fliall dire6l them. 

If the Uncertainty of the Weather had not pre- 
vented me, I intended you a Vifit, as you are con- 
fined ; and fhall do myfejf that Pleafure as foon as 
we are in : And I have iffued thefe general Orders, 
as you are not perfedlly recovered, which I heartily 
willi you. I am, 


Boyne, off Walthenamy YoUT mofi Obedient^ 

Ju/y iS, 1741. HumMe Servant, 

E. V. 

P.S. I have fent Orders to the Superbe for cruiz- 
ing for ten Days off this Harbour, and fent the 
Montague Ordtts by him to cruize for ten Days off 
St. Jago ; fo, if he be near you, order him to go 
to the Superbe for his Orders. 

To General W^ntworth. 
S I A, 

I Have received yours this Morning, but cannot 
fend you John Drake, as you defired ; he being 
gone early this Morning, with my Captain and the 
Boats, to reconnoitre, and advance our fmali Vef- 
fels as far as they can go in their Way to the In- 
dian Town of Santa Catalina : But he will refturn 
with my Captain this Night, and fhall be ready to 
attend t)ie Council of War we are to hold to- 
morrow Morning, as you agreed on lafl Night % 
and as you have his Information in Writing, I ip- 
prehend yoju will have fufficient Matter for your 
Council of War's Information this Morning. And 
I fend you inclofed the Copy of the Carpenter's 
Information, as you defire ; and you may have him 
perfonally to-day, if you defire it : But I have not 



fent him now, as he does not pretend to anjr 
Knowledge of the Road by Land. 

I think the Informations fo plain and clear, and 
the Execution fo eafy, if it be but fet about with 
Chearfulnefs and Good-will, that I cannot entertain 
the leaft Doubt of Succefs. I hope we fhall be all 
equally animated with a Zeal to difcharge our Duty 
to his Majefty and our Country, and to anfwer 
their Expedlations from fo expenfivc an Expedi- 
tion \ and ^then I am perfwaded it will be fuccefs* 
fill, and that we Ihairfoqn be Matters of the Har- 
bour of St. Ja^o, and all the Eaft End of this 
Ifland ; which, in my Apprehenfion, is better 
fituated) and mofe advantageous, in all Views, for 
our Royal Mailer to be polTefTed of, than th^ 
Weftern Parts of it, with tht Havanna. ' " " ' 

I hope it will pleafc God we fhall avoid^^Iittmg 
on the Rock of Difcord, the only Difficulty I ap- 
prehend, as I think, if this be but heartily fet 
about, it can never fail of Succefs., I mu ,, 

Boyne, in Walthenam Har- XoW mofl Ohdiettty -"^'\ 

hour, 7/j? I ^ 1 74^ Humble Servant, " * 

ii iY m il ' I, J , 11 I I . I I I if ^ i i 'm i II i I I I b 

* To General Wentworth. 

AFTER the unanimous Refolutions of our 
lafl Council of War, for the Forces getting 
up to the Village of Catalina with the utmoft Ex- 
pedition, and ror advancing to attempt to furprize 
and take the Batteries above the Morrt Caftle, if 
the Approaches to them are found practicable for 
his Majefty's Forces -, that every thing in our 
Power might be done to comply with the principal 

D 2 > ''"'-- -View 

View of his Majefty's Inftrudions, that of pofTef^ 
fing ourfejves of the Ifland of Cuba j 

What fell from you yefterday on board the 
Cumberland, exprefTing your Diffidence of being 
able to proceed further, could not but greatly fur- 
prize us, and give us great Concern ; to hear from 
you, how much Unwillingnefs was exprefled by 
fome of your Officers, for proceeding on this 

And we cannot, on this Occafion, both in re- 
gard to our Duty to the Crown and Friendfliip to 
you, but feafonably lay before you the fatal Confe- 
quences, that may refult to all Officers that fhall 
fhew a Reludance to comply with his . Majefty's 
Inftrudions, and Ihall by their Behaviour and Ex-; 
ample encourage others to do fo ; as we thihk,' m 
the military Term, this approaches too near to 

And tho' this may take its firft Rife in the pri- 
vate Paffions of fome Officers, who had rather 
return to Britain than continue longer in Service 
in a Climate not agreeable to them j^ yet we fear, 
the not giving an early Check to "this Temper 
among fome of your Officers, may draw a Refent- 
ment on you, whofe Duty, it may be judged, was 
to have early fupprcfled it. 

We cannot but mention to you, that Reports 
were fpread before the Fleet's failing irom Jamaica, 
that Refolutions were taken againft the Army's 
landing on this Ifland ; which the Difcourfes of 
fome of your Officers fince, have given but too 
much Grounds to fufpedt there might be fome 
Foundation for-, and what fell from you yefterday 
gives us the greater Reafon to apprehend it. 

And as Combinations to defeat the main View 
of his Majefty's Inftrudlions, are of the moft cri- 
minal Nature, we cannot but hope there are none 


[ 25 ] 
fuch, tho' fuch Grounds are given to fufpeft it. 
But as fuch might afFed the Lives, as well as the 
Commiffions, of all who fhould fall into them, we 
cannot but give it you as our Advice, early to 
iexert yourfelf, in giving all poflible Difcouragemcnl;. 
po what may prove fo fatal to them. 
./We think the Execution of all propofed an^ 
agreed to in our laft Refolutions, may be very 
cafily effected, if it be but heartily fet upon, with 
the fame Chearfulnefs and Good-will as was ex 
preffed in the unanimous Refodution of our faid 
laft General Council of War. 
' And as we cannot, in regard to the Honour of 
our Royal Mafter and the Intercft of our Country, 
but think it our Duty to advife your early to fup^' 
prefs this evil Spirit in fome of your Officers :. So 
we hope you will accept this Advice, as our una- 
nimous Sentiments of Friendfhip to you, as well 
as Regard to our Duty to his Majefly ; as we feaf 
the Effc6ts of this Condu6t would principally revert 
on you ; which as we fhould be heartily conceroed 
for, fo we thought this feafonable Advice to you,* 
to be on your Guard againft it, the befl Inftance 
we could give of our friendly Concern for your 
Honour and Interefl. 

And hoping you will accept it as fuch, we are, 

Cumherlandy in Cumberland Your mod Obedient^ 
Harbour (formerly call'd ^^^^/^ Ser<vant5, 

Walthenam) on the South r? x r 

Side of Cuba, Julyii, ^' VIRNOW, 

1741. C. Ogle ; \ 

'-" ^rm^ 

To Lieutenant Thomas Stvrton. 

YO U are hereby required and directed, to take 
under your particular Care and Conduft John 


[ 26 ] 

"Drake^ Manner *, and as he is the only Guide we 
have for Ihewing the Forces the Road from where 
ou are to St. Jago^ through the Village of Cata- 
Tina^ you are to take particular Care for his Prefcr- 
vation, and not to cxpofe him to the Enemy's 
Fire, as far as it can pofTibly be avoided. 

And as it is but too apparent, that a fhamef ul 
Backwardnefs has appeared in forne, to proceed 
with that Zeal and Chearfulnefs they ought in the 
Execution of his Majefty's Orders ; it cannot but 
be apprehended, there are fome might even b^ 
glad our Guide Ihould be deftroyed, to give them 
the Colour of wanting a Guide to condud them j 
though, if they are once fliewed the Road they 
are to proceed in, even that :wouJ^ be but a 

But that they may not have that, I have put 
the faid John Drake, Mariner, under your particular 
Care and Conduft -, and you are to chook out ten 
Men from the Brigantine under your Command, to 
ferve under you as a Guard for the faid Guide \ 
and in your Abfence, to leave the Brigantine under 
the Care and Command of Lieu,tenant Lowtber^ 
for giurding that Poft, and fcouring the Country 
round with her Guns ; diredling him to obey the 
Orders of his fuperior Officers, Capt. Forrefi being 
appointed to command the whole Flotilla, and 
Captain Tompfon to command under him at the 
upper Barcadier. 

, And as I have ordered Capt. Watfon to acquaint 
the General to-day with the Orders you have for 
taking the Guide under your Care and Proteftion, 
and you having my Orders to obey General Went- 
worth*s Orders, in attending with him, to dire6t 
them in the Road they have to march towards the 
Village of Catalina^ and afterwards to St.Jago, <x 
the Batteries above the Mono Caftle (for which I 



"Win fend you ahaddrtibharGmde, after tfieir Ifav- 
ing advanced bcyx)nd the Village of Catalina :) 
You are, accordingly, hereby required and direded, 
whenever GtrvtraXWmtworth fhall defire or dire(^ 
you to fhew any Part of their Forces the Way 
they are to pafs to the faid Village of Catalina^ or 
'%x.Jago and the Batteries, to attend with yoUr 
Party and the Gu^de, ^s aforefaid, to direft them 
in the Way ; and never to let the faid Guide be 
from under your Care and Cuftody. For,^r. > 
Given on board the Boyne in Cumberland Har- 
bour (formerly called Walthenam) on the South 
Side of C^^, this 24th of 7/y, 1741. 

: rjiT.:. ? . E..V. 

Ij"!'" ' ' i m ^.i - i ' ".. I 'I ! !-" ! * i" f^"ii f*>Wfrt 

^^f^ 1 R, -.- r, .. t-f- -..H,-'! ,.', ! fK; '-i t 

1 Heartily congratulate you on the Succefs of your 
firft advanced Party, by the Enemy's flying be- 
fore them without fo much as exchanging a Shoe 
with them -, which was what I always expefted. 
And I am fure you will find, that Delay will be 
the moft dangerous Enemy you have to deal with 
as that will ;giv'e the Enemy Time to be pfeparing 
againfl you , ^herdas their being attacked where 
'they did not' expedt it, leaves them entirely open 
'and <lefencelefs for the prefent. I hope you will 
find the Village to afford ready-built Houfes fuf* 
ficient to fhelter the Army, and fave them the 
Trouble of building Hutts ; and I apprehend you 
may eafily make that Village your general Maga- 
zine for your Provifions ; and they will have the 
Mortification to find, that all their pafl Labours 
were loft, in fortifying the fore Door, when they 
had left the back Door open and defencelefs. 

I con- 


I congratulate you likewife on Captain Durei^s 
being arrived, with all your Surgeons and Medicine- 
Cheits, and having brought the News that Mr. 
Wallace is coming up with the Deptford and Mtnay 
and all the People and Stores that were faved out 
of the Ship j Captain Davers having, according to 
my Orders, fent a VelTel to Movant Keys, to lave 
^hat was to be faved of that Wreck. 

I have ordered Capt. Forrejl to get my Brig Ten- 
der and Bilander as high up as there is Water for 
them, and to get my Sloop cleaned for carrying 
our Difpatches to his Grace the Duke of Newcajile^ 
as it is abfolutely neceflary his Majefty fhould be 
informed as early as pofTible of the Refolution of 
our laft general Council of War, for giving fuch 
further Orders as his Majefly may judge necelTary 
on the Occafion. And as Ihe will foon be ready, 
and will be the moft expeditious of any I can fend, 
I muft beg the Favour that you would get your 
Letters ready to go by her as foon as pofTible. 
I intend being up to-morrow, when we may fix 
the Day for her failing. 

And as foon as Captain Allen arrives, whom I 
expedt every Day, I will get him ready for going 
away with your general Letters to the Governors 
of the Northern Colonies, purfuant to the Refolu- 
tion of the laft general Council of War, 

And heartily wifhing you much Honour, and 
his Majefty fuitable Succefs from this Expedition, 
I am, 


Boyne, in Cumberland ToUT mojl Obedient, 

Harbour. Cuba, HumbU Servant, 

July 26. 1741. ^ y^ 


[ 29 ] 
^0 General Wentworth. 

IT was with great rleafur^ J ftceived yours laft 
Night, with the agreeable Account of your 
advanced Party having proceeded lo fuccefstully, 
and having got good Quarters at Don John 
Cavalier OS, in the midil of a fertile Country. I 
moft heartily congratulate you on fo fuccefsful a 
Beginning , and think Major Dunjler has adted 
very prudently, in advancing no further till your 
fuftaining Party joined him, as his firft Party was 
of but two hundred ; and hope, on their joining 
him, you will foon have Advice of his reaching 
the Village, where, I apprehend, he cannot be too 
foon fupported with greater Numbers ; and hope 
he will meet there Mules and Horfes, to facilitate 
the getting all neccffary Provifions after them with 
all poflible Expedition. 

And I believe. Sir, you will think it proper 
to be difperfing your Manifefto from thence, to 
try what Effed it may have in drawing fome of 
the Inhabitants in to fubmit themfelves to his 
Majefty*s Government j but I believe the moft 
efFedual Argument will be civil Ufage. 

As they met the Boats Sails in their Way, I 
think it is very apparent they proceeded in the 
right Road the Enemy retired by. 

Heartily wi filing you profperous Succefs, and 
much Honour from this Expedition, I am, 

Boyne, in Cumberland 2'our mojl Obedient^ 

Harbour, July 28, ^^^^/^ Servant, 

74'. E. V. 

p. S. With your next Letters to Major Dunjler, 

be pleafed to forward mine to Lieutenant Sturton, 

and to dired my Men with him having their 

Share in all Supplies of Provifions. 


, [ 3 ] 

To Lieut. Tho. Sturton, of the Boyne. 

I Have received yours of the 27th with much. 
Pleafure, and was very glad to hear you had 
met with fuch good Quarters and fome neceflary 
Refrefhments at Don John Cavalkros ; and think 
your meeting the Boats Sails in your Way, a good 
Evidence that you are in the right Road to the 
Village 5 and think Major Dunjier has ^6ted very 
prudently, in refolving not to advance further till 
the fuftaining Party joined you. 

And as the next Supply of Provifions comes 
from your Command of my Brigantine, you will 
have a good Title to your Share of it ; and hope 
in the Village you will meet with Mules and 
Horfes, to facilitate fending the Supplies to you 

You cannot lay a greater Obligation on me, 
than by a particular Care of your Guide. And 
pray, on all Occafions, encourage a humane Treat- 
ment of the Inhabitants, to engage them to remain 
quietly in their Houfes, and fubmit to his Majefly's 
Government; and I hope the Major has the 
GeneraPs Manifeftos to difperfe on his Arrival at 
the Village. 

With a firm Confidence in your prudent Con- 
duft, I am, 

B&vne, in Cumberland Har- nr^ ^ i . ii o 

hour, July 28. 1 741, Tour humble Servant 

in the Morning. E. V. 

< To General Wentworth. 

S I R, 

F T E R heartily congratulating you on the 
^ happy Change I hear of, in an univerlal Satif- 
fadion exprefTed by all ypuf Officers and Men, 



f 3' ] 

from the pleafing Frofpe<5t of Succefs in this Expe- 
dition -, I fend this to acquaint you, your Army 
Surgeons and Medicine-Chefts will all be to-day 
on board one of the Tranfports in the River, as 
you defire. 

And as I would difpatch my Sloop away as foon 
as poffible, I have ordered my Officer, who brings 
you this Letter, to receive yours that are to go by 
her, if they are ready. 

And as I propofe to difpatch a Firelhip to Ja- 
maica^ for a Supply of Provifions and Stores being 
fent me, as foon "as I receive my Letters from 
thence by the Tork^ whom I daily expeft here ; I 
defire you would likewife fend me your Letters for 
Jamaica as foon as you can, as I hear you foon 
defign to be advancing yourfelf, which I am pleafed 
to hear. 

And if you want any Supply of Provifions from 
thence, it would be proper to order fome of the 
beft failing Tranfports to be entirely cleared for 
their going to Jamaica to fetch it ; for which they 
fhall have a proper Convoy, whenever you defire 

I was pleafed to hear you had got a further 
Supply of Horfes for accommodating your Officers ; 
and, with my beft Wifhes for a flowing Series of 
good Succefs to his Majefty*s Arms under your 
Condu(fl, I am, 

S 1 R, 

Boyne, in Cumberland U^t- Tour mofi Obedient y 

hour, July 29,1741. ^^^^^^/^ Sei-vant, 

E. V. 

E 2 To 

[ 32 ] 

^0 his Grace the Duke oft^******. 

My Lord Duke, 

MY laft to your Grace was of the i8th of June^ 
from Port Royal Harbour, by Commodore 
Lejiocky whom we had the good Fortune to get 
fafe into the Sea, with all the Remainder of his 
Squadron (except one of the Bomb-Ketches, that, 
having been to careen, could not be got ready fo 
foon) on the 20th of June ; a good Part of them 
being got out the Day before. And he being to 
collect his Fleet together at Blewfields, to compleat 
their Watering there, I got the Terrible Bomb- 
Ketch to Sea the 24th, and heard fince, that fhe 
joined him before his failing from Blewfields, on the 
26th oi June. 

Having got all my Ships in readinefs for the 
Sea that I propofed for the prefent Expedition, I 
thought it neceffary to advife Mr. Wentworth of it 
by Letter of the 25th of June, which I fend your 
Grace inclofed a Copy of, and likewife of my Or- 
ders to Sir Chaloner Ogle of the fame Date. And 
the General fending me word by Mr. Wallace, the 
Agent of theTranfports, that about fixteen of the 
Tranfports would be ready to fail on the 28th, I 
ordered him to go and advife Sir Chaloner Ogle of 
it, who would take Care to detach fome Ships of 
his Divifion out with them -, for our dangerous 
Channel made it a requifite Difpofition, that we 
fhould get to Sea by Detachments. On the 26th 
I detached Capt. Rentone to Sea in the Rippon, for 
reconnoitring before us, as I mentioned my Inten- 
sion of doing in my Letter to Mr. Wentworth of 
the 25th. 

The Superhe and Kent failed on the 28th with 
fuch Tranfports as were then ready to fail with 
them, which were but {^vtw Sail. 



The Montague and Princefs Louifa failed the next 
Day (the 29th) and with them failtd about nine- 
teen Sail. 

And Sir Chaloner Ogle, with the reft of his Divi- 
sion, put to Sea the next Day, and about eight 
Sail more 5 and the fame Day I advifed the Ge- 
neral of my Intentions of faihng the next Day ; 
and I fend your Grace inclofed a Copy of my Letter 
to him of the 30th of Juney with his Anfwer. 

And the fame Day came into Port Royal Har- 
bour the Seahorfe^ Captain Allen^ that had been 
cruizing off St. Jago, with a Return to my Letter 
fent by him to the Governor there, propofing an 
Exchange of Prifoners, and with fixty-four Englijh 
Prifoners, among which was Mr. Cock, the South- 
Sea Company's Fa6lor there. The good Succefs 
of this Attempt, that I made to procure the beft 
Intelligence I could from thofe Parts, at fo feafon- 
able a Time, makes it neceflary I fhould now in- 
clofe to your Grace a Copy of the Orders I fent 
Captain Allen out with, and a Copy of my Letter 
to the Governor of St. Jago, with the Spanijh Go- 
vernor's Anfwer j and 1 fend you likewife inclofed 
a Copy of the Jew*s Journal, whom I fent as my 
Spanijh Interpreter, to carry the Letter to the Go- 
vernor, and of another Piece of Intelligence Capt. 
Allen brought me, being Advices he had received 
by Mr. Cock. I am in Hopes that the Spani/h Men 
of War therein mentioned, may, with their Trea- 
fure, either fall in the Way of Captain lOiowles, or 
Mr, Leftock : And I could rather hope the latter ; 
for as our Ships muft expedl to be well Ihattered 
in fuch a Rencounter, the others would be far 
diftant from any Relief, and muft get thro* the 
Gulph as well as they could, as they would be in 
no Condition to ply up to come hither. 


[ 34] 
On the firft Day of this Month of July^ I thank 
God, I got fafe to Sea myl'elf, and General Weiitivorth 
with me in the Grafton^ with the reft of my Divi- 
fion under Orders for failing with me; except the 
other Bomb-Ketch, which I have likewife got ca- 
reened, and by Hiifting a good deal of Plank in her 
Bottom, have, I hope, got her in a Condition to 
ferve in this Expedition ; and (lie came out and 
joined me the 2d of July^ and alfo the Ordnance 
Storefhips, that being a Branch in which there 
has been the moft Dilatorinefs and Negligence 
throughout our whole Expedition. 

Not having Time or Leifure for examining our 
releafed Englijh Prifoners, that were brought into 
the Harbour but the Evening before I failed, I 
take them all to Sea with us, for cxprefling their 
Gratitude to his Majefty, to whom they owe their 
prelent Releafement, by doing what may be in their 
Power to favour the Succefs of this Expedition. 
But Mr. Cock I examined myfelf, with the General, 
before our failing; and not finding he could be 
materially ferviceable to us, I left him behind. 

By the Jew*^ Narrative of what the Governor 
told him, if it be true, our firft Place of general 
Rendezvous in Donna Maria Bay is luckily very 
well chofen, both for our having the earlieft Ad- 
vice at it, and being at hand to make the beft Ufe 
of it ; which was one View I had in it, as well as 
being affured of being well to windward of our 
Port before we ftretchM over for it ; as falling to 
Leeward of our Port, might, by a Lee Current, 
have defeated our whole Expedition, as well as 
given the Enemy an unnecefTary Alarm to prepare 
for us. 

Some Ships I have been oblig'd to leave behind 
through Crazinefs, that muft take up Time to re- 
pair ; fome through Sicknefs \ andothers, to borrow 


35 ]1 
their Men, to compleat for Semce the Ships F 
carry out with me : And I have left Capt. Da'Oef's^ 
in the Suffolky a -good Officer, to command in iny^ 
Abfence, under the Orders I fend your Grace in 
clofed a Copy of. 

And for being ready to avail myfeif of-any chance 
Opportunity for writing to your; Grace, I begin my 
Letter upon my firfl: coming to Sea, where I havtf- 
moft Leifure for it ; for though that be riot the- 
mofl liable Element, I may fay atprefenc, it-h- 
there that I have moflRefl:. 

On the nth of July I' was joined by Capt. Bro- 
derick in the Shorebam ; and L fend your Grace irt^^- 
clofed a Copy of his; Letter tome, informing riit^^ 
of his Proceedings and Remarks at Carthagenay''^ 
and I fend you likewife inclofed Copies of the Vfid^^ 
fcveral Letters he brought me from ^his Excellency ' 
Don Sibafiian de EJIava^xbe Spanifi'Viccroy, and of 
one from my Brother Admiral, Don Blafs de Lezo. 
On the 1 2th I was: joined by the Tilbury, Capt. 
Dent^ from Leogane^ off the NavaJJa : And I fend 
your Grace inclofed a Copy of the Letter he brought 
me from his Excellency M. Larnage, by which I 
was forry to karn that Captain Draper, in the Wolf 
Sloop, was certainly Ship wreck*a on the Caicos 
Bank ; but I cannot yet learn what became of the 
Captain and the reit lof the Men, and fo am -yet 
in fome Hopes he found Means to get home fafe ' 
to your Grace, with my Letters of the 24th of- 
February lafb. And having a verbal Meflage, by 
Captain Dent, from M, Larnoge, (of his having an 
Inclination to fend us fome Deferrers, but that his 
Humanity would not allow his delivering them up 
with6ut AlTurancc of their Pardon) giving aHandfe " 
for it, I have difpatched Capt. Allen thither again, 
with the Letter I fend* you a Copy of inclofed, to 
try to get thofe Deferters, and to keep an Eye on 



what may be pafling in thofe Parts ; where, youi* 
Grace will obferve, they talk in a pacifick Stile, 
tho* the Governor of St. J ago told the Jew^ he 
had Advice from thence that they had declared 
War with us. 

; Captain Allen joined me from Port Royal the 
13th, which Place he left the 8th of July\ but 
there were then no Advices from England fince our 
failing, tho* my laft from your Grace was of the 28th 
of February laft. 

I fend you likewife inclofed a Copy of the In- 
formation of John Drake, Mariner, relating to the 
Roads between Walthenam and St. J ago -, and I 
have other material Informations, that fully per- 
fwade me of the eafy Pradicability of fucceeding 
in an Attempt for being Matters of St. Jago, and 
of the Eaft End of this Ifland, if it be but entered 
on with Chearfulnels and Good- will, which I will a 
take Care fhall not be wanting on my Part. And ' 
in Walthenam I fhall have his Majefty*s Ships and 
Tranfports in a fafer Harbour, in cafe of a Hurri-^-^ 
cane, than if we were caught in one in Port Royal '[ 
Harbour, as we are now coming to the Hurricane 
Seafon of the Year ; and I fhall even be more in 
the Way of fecuring our Trade from the Enemy's 
Privateers. And, I thank God, I have not yet 
heard of their having taken fo much as one Brittjh 
Ship in my Diftri6ts, or any of the Coafting Trade 
of the Ifland, fmce my being in Command here. 

My Informations in regard to all the new 
Works they have been making at the Morro 
Caftle, and to guard the Entrance of the Harbour, 
I have from a Carpenter, who has been kept at - 
work amongft them ; fo that I think all my In- ' 
telligcnce very well founded. And I believe the 
Court of Spain will find their Remittances to come 
vaftly fhort of their Expectations, from the Ap- 

[ 37 ] 

plications of their Treafure to fupport the Expencc 
of the numerous Works they have been ere<5ting 
in different Parts, and will have to eretft, and to 
fubfift the Numbers of Militia drawn together irx 
many Parts , befides the Scarcity of Proyifions, from . 
their thus draining the Country of thofe that fliould 
carry on the Culture of their Land, for raifing 
Provifions for their Subliftance. 

I fend your Grace likewife inclofed a Letter I 
received in the Vice Roy*s Packet jfrom Carthagena^ 
from a Spanijh Gentleman who was formerly Pri- ' 
foner with. us (as he mentions) and coming Paffen- 
ger in a Dutch Ship from Curafao, was, as he fays, 
taken, by two Privateers, with your Grace's PafP 
port } which thofe lawlefs Libertines would pay no 
Regard to, but obliged him and his Comrade to 
ranlom themfelves for a Thoufand Pieces of Eight. 
And as they are out of my reach to call them to 
an Account, I thought it proper to fend this Letter 
to your Grace, and one of their Dutch Paffports ; 
and in the Duplicate of it (hall come the Captains 
of the Privateers Receipt to the Dutch Captain for 
the thoufand Dollars ; to which they have figned 
their Names, William Richardfon^ and James Love i 
and this Letter calls their Sloops the yf^, and the 
Royal Anne. ' 

I am glad I can acquaint your Grace that I hap- 
pily got into this Harbour of IValthenam on the 
1 8th of July^ with forty-one Sail of Tranfports 
and Storefhips, and with his Majefly's Ships and 
Tenders, fixty-one Sail in all ; and was pleafed to 
find we were poflefs'd of the fineft Harbour in the 
fFeJi' Indies^ where there is Room for all the Ship- 
ping in the Thames^ and where we are very fecyrc 
even againft a Hurricane ; and as it deferves fomc 
Diftind:ion, I have honoured it with the Name of > 
Cumberland Harbour, from one of his Royal \ 
F t^ighncfs I 

,. ^38.3 

Highnefs the ibiike^s Titles, who has given us the 
pleafing Hopes of ferving at Sea under the Com- 
mand of a Prince of the Blood Royal. 

As I was poflefs'd of a good Pilot for the Har- 
bour, I loft no Time in making the beft Ufe of 
him, having detach'd before me Captain Forrejl 
ifi the Bomb-Ketch, one of my Firefhips, my Bri-^ 
gantine and Sloop Tenders, and the Bomb Tender, 
putting this Flotilla under Captain Forreji's Orders, 
who enter'd the Lagoon going up to the Salinas, 
with Part of them, that Evening. And by Day- 
break the next Morning, I difpatch*d all the Barges, 
mann'd and arm*d, under the Command of Capt. 
Wat [on (my Captaiin) and order'd all the Yawls to 
follow, to help to tow the Flotilla as high up as it 
was navigable for them ; and he return'd the 19th 
at Night, after having pofted the Sloop as high 
up as the upper Salinas, and the Bomb-Ketch an<t 
my Brig Tender as high as the lower Salinas, juft 
above which was a Bar, on entering the Frelh- 
Water River, on which was not more than nine 
Feet Water. 

And Capt. Watfon having advanced fme Miles 
higher up the Frelh- Water River with his Boats, 
above the upper Barcadter, he landed and march*d 
up a Hill, where he had a Profped: of a fine openr 
Country for feven Leagues (as he judg'd \) and faw 
a Houfe that the Guide faid was very near the 
Village of Catalina, mention'd in his Information, 
which he faid lay in a little Valley ; and he having 
found all he view'd exactly to agree with the faid 
Information ; I fummon'd a General Council of 
War next Morning {July the 20th -,) and I fend ' 
your Grace inclofed a Copy of the unanimous Re- 
folution of faid General Counciil of War. And 
there being mention'd in it (befides the Information 
of John Drake, Mariner, in regard to the Pra(^i- 


[ 39 J 

cablenefs of the Road) the Information of Hefoy 
Cavelier, Carpenter, in regard to the Facility of 
being Mafters of the upper Batteries guarding the 
Harbour of St. Jago -, I have likewife fent your 
Grace inclofed Copies of that, and of Capt. Ren- 
tone's Report, mentioned alfo in our faid general 
kefolution ; and the Copy of a Letter that I wrote 
to General Wentworth on the 19th oijuly^ in An- 
fwer to one defu-ing I wpul4 fend John Drake ^o 

By taking every Thing out oF^nij^^rfg rertder 
and Bomb Tender, they have hove them both over 
the Bar, and then taken all in again, and got them 
up to the upper SalinaSy to the Sloop : So there is 
a great Command of Fire from their Guns, to 
fcour the Country round them, and fecure a fafe 
landing to the Army, without fo much a5 the Ap^ 
prehenfion of any Moleflation. 

We had one Boy wounded by a Shot from fomc 
fkulking Spaniards the firll Day, on their marching 
to the Top of the Hill ; and one Man kill'd, and 
one wounded by them the next Day ; but v/e have 
neither fecn nor heard any thing of them fince. 

On the 2ift the fForcefier ca.mQ in here with one 
of our miffing Tranfports. On the 2 2d the Tilbury 
came in here, and brought with her five Tranfports 
and one Storefhip, which fhe pick*d up otF Cape 
Dona Maria, where I fent her in queft of them, and 
we have now forty -nine Tranfports and Storefliips j 
and all but one of them, that drew too much 
Water, are got up within the Lagoon ; and thofe 
that drew leaft Water were difpatch'd in firfl, and 
many of them are got as high up as juft below 
Captain Forrejl in the Bomb-Ketch, who lies at 
the lower Earcadier , for they had nothing that 
could be lighten*d to get over the Bar of the 
Frcfh- Water River, but one Schooner, which is 
F 2 got 

gbt to my Brig Tender, Bomb Tender and Sloop,' 
that are polled at the upper Barcadier. 

On the 24th arriv'd here the Strombolo Firelhip, 
/ Captain Dure II, whom I had difpatch*d away from 
the NavaJ/a for Jamaica^ for fetching up to us the 
Dircftor of the Army Hofpital, the Army Surgeons, 
and their Medicine-Chells. On having an Account 
brought me that the Lynn Hofpital-Ship was ftill 
there, and knowing (he was fuch a leewardly Ship 
that there c(wld be no Rehance on her getting to 
^vindward at all, I offer'd the General a Ship to 
fetch them, which he accepted of 3 and fhe has 
brought up twelve of the Army Surgeons and 
Afllftants, and all the remainder of their Medicine 
Chefts, that were not brought up by their Surgeon 
General, who came up to us by the Seahorfe, 
Captain Mien , and Mr. Cathcart, the Dire(5bor of 
their Hoipital, told Captain Durell he llaid behind 
to purchafe Neceflaries for the Hofpital, which he 
foon would be following him with. He brought 
"me an Account of what, as far as I can learn, is 
the only mifllng Tranfport, which is the Vere 
Pink ; on board of which was Mr. Wallace^ the 
Agent of the Tranfports, to whom I delivered 
Orders at Sea on the 7th in the Evening, for his 
jfTuing out o\ir fecond Place of Rendezvous to the 
Transports, being then four Leagues to windward 
of the Eaft End of the Ifland of Jamaica : But by 
what I can judge, they contriv'd to get Shipwreck*d 
that very Night on PorS Morant Keys ; which muft 
have been through the CarelcfTnefs of the Mafter, 
in not obferving to tack when I made my Signal 
for it, at two in the Morning on the 8th, And con- 
fidering how little Regard they all paid to Signals, 
every one ranging after his own obftinate Will, I 
can attribute it to nothing but God's good Provi- 
dence, that we have not loft more of them ; for 


[ 41 ] 

flie greateft Care of a Commanding Officer will be 
of little Avail to thofe who will pay fo little Re- 
gard to Signals. The Lofs is the more felt for 
the Abfence of Mr. Wallace^ who is a very ex- 
perienced diligent Officer in his Poft : But we Ihall 
now foon have him with us by the Deptford^ or Mtm 
Firefhip, which he has fent Word he* would come 
by, with all the Men and Stores that were faved; 
which were fetch'd from thence by a Veflel I had 
fent Orders to Capt. Davers to fend out to them, 
having heard by my Brig Tender that fhe had feen 
fome Shipwrecic'd Men on thofe Keys , and I do 
not hear there were above five Men drowned on 
this Occafion. 

The Troops have been landing fince their get- 
ting in. The General pitched on his firft Place 
for Hutting his Troops, right againft where my 
Brig Tender was polled ; which, finding we had 
Water for her, I have got two Leagues higher up 
the River ; and the Bilander drawing lefs Water, 
we have got her a Mile higher ; But the General 
finding the firft Place pitch'd upon low, and that 
it would have been damp with the Rains, loon re- 
folved to move higher, and has got a little above the 
Schooner, that was the Veffel of the leaft Draught 
of Water we had. 

We having on the 25th fent out a Detachment 
of a hundred of the American Troops and a hun- 
dred Blacks, I ordered Lieutenant Sturton from my 
Ship, with ten Men from my Brig Tender, to take 
the Guide under his Care, and to accompany them. 

And on the 26th at Night, I received from Ge- 
neral Wentwortb an Account of their Succels , the 
Enemy's firft advanced Guaid flying before them 
without fo much as exchanging a Shot with them, 
and leaving them eleven Horfcs, fome of their 
Ammunition, and a good deal of jerkVl Beef. 


[ 42 ] 

Thefe Horfes were a feafonable Supply to mount 
our Officers. They took likewife three Spanifii Let- 
ters, from the Governor of St. J ago to the Com- 
manding Officer of the Militia of thefe Parts ; 
which being fo exceedingly weak and ridiculous, 
I cannot omit fending your Grace Copies of them, 
for your Amufement. 

On the 27th I fct out from the Ship by 
Day-break, to view all my advanced Guards my 
felf, and give all the neceflary Orders on the Spot, 
for the more regular landing the reft of the 
Troops, and fending their Supplies of Provifions 
and Stores after them. And I thought it the moft 
beautiful Profpeft I ever faw, to row five Leagues 
up a navigable River, of about a hundred Yards 
wide all the Way, with green Trees on both Sides 
appearing like a green Fence, bordering both Sides 
of the River for the moft part; for from the 
Mouth of the River to where my Brig Tender lies, 
I take to be good five Leagues ; the Bilander lies 
about a Mile higher, and the Schooner half a Mile 
higher than her. From thence I rowed in my 
Boat about half a Mile higher than the upper In- 
campment, to come at the Foot of fome Hills, 
which, I faw, I could have a full View of the 
Country from -, and then landed, with my Boat's 
Crew for my Guard, and reconnoitred the Country 
from the Tops of thofe Hills, on one of which the 
General's advanced Guard was placed that Morn- 
ing -, and it gave me great Pleafure to have fo cx- 
tenfive a View, over what appear'd to me the fineft 
Plains I had ever feen in the Indies^ and watered, I 
think, with a River the fartheft navigable for Ships 
that I ever heard of I then vifited the General in 
his prefent Encampment, which is an open rifing 
Ground, by the Frefh- Water River Side, and as 
beautiful a Situation for a Town a^ this Country 
?v can. 

I 43 ] 

^n afford, with a fertile Soil behind it. I walked 
through a Pen for catching their Cattle, between 
the Hills and their Camp, and faw feveral Parcels 
of Horfes ranging round me, which I hope their 
Blacks will foon find Means to catch. I made it 
dark before I could return, it being two Leagues 
from where I ride in the Line of Battle with my 
Capital Ships, for Security of this beautiful and fei 
cure Harbour, to the Mouth of the River, which 
is jufl on the Leeward Entrance into this Harbour. 
And the General having entitled his Camp 
George -Stadt, I have honour'd this beau- 
tiful River with the Name of her Royal High- 
nefs the Priiicefs of JVales, calling it the River 

After fo agreeable Profpefts of the Day, I was 
pleafmgly awak*d at one in the Morning on the 
28 th, with a Letter from the General, and one 
from my Lieutenant, of the 27th> from the ad- 
vanced Party, with an Account of their uninter- 
rupted Progrefs till their Arrival in fuch fertile 
Plains ; and I fend your Grace inclofed a -Copy 
of my Lette*- from Lieutenant ^/wr/<7. ..! -^v: 

I think myfelf pofted here, not only in a happy 
Security againft ail Apprehenfiohs of Hurricanes^ 
b\it in the befl Situation that could be chofcn for 
S^ufity of the Trade of his Majefty's Subjedls, 
and the annoying that of his Majcfty's Enemies : 
Which I (hall endeavour to poft my Cruziers to 
the beft Advantage for, and for having early Intel- 
ligence of any Motions of the Enemy ; who, by 
our Situation here, will be cut off from any Com- 
munication with their Neighbours the French^ from 
whence they receive their InteHigence and Supplies. 

And thinking it now high Time our Royal 
Mailer fhould have the earliell Information of our 
prefent Situation, I have got my Sloop careen'd 


nd dean*d in the River Augujia, arid Capt. Forrefi 
will fbon difpatch her down to me, for fend- 
ing my Difpatches to your Grace by her (that I 
think will bring them fooneft to your Hands) by a 
Nephew of my Wife's, whom I fend to ride Ex- 
prefs with them. This Sloop was a fmall Privateer 
commanded by one Hall^ that I hired into the 
Crown's Service fo long ago as December laft, ha- 
ving a View in it to get into my Hands the ma- 
rooning Part of his Crew, that I knew were well 
acquainted with thefe Parts ; and this John Drake, 
the Guide, was one of them. For this Affair has 
been long in my Thoughts, though it has but fo 
lately broke out into Execution, and, I thank God, 
a fuccefsful one ; and I think this Spot the belt 
chofen one for a Briii/h Settlement of any in this 
Ifland, and am glad to find the Americans begin 
to look on it as the Land of Promife already. 

I fend your Grace likewife inclofed a Copy of 
my Letter to the General of the 26th, to advife 
him to have his Letters ready to go by her, and 
that the Seahorfe fhould foon be got ready for carry-^ 
ing his Letters to the Governors of the Northern 

The Boats Sails, mention'd to be retaken by 
our advanced Party in thofe inland Houfes, were 
the Sails of two of our Longboats, who, on the 
firft of our advancing up the River, had, without 
any Officer with them, or Orders, feil'd Ibme 
Miles above my advanced Guards, till they were 
fired upon thro' the Bufhes fi-om a high Bank, 
where they had one Man kili'd and one wounded ; 
upon which, they put alhore upon the oppofite Side 
of the River, and ran down to my Sloop to in- 
form them of it, and Captain Dennis march' d up 
with a Party of Men as foon as he had Advice of 
it ; feut being ibme Miles above him*^ they had 



fcurnt the j^oats, and carried off the Sails, long be- 
fore he could get up thither , but all that Plunder 
of theirs is now retaken, even to the Longboat's 
Enfign, mention'd in the Governor of St. Jago*i 

I can bring a twenty-gun Ship for careening, 
with Eafe, clofe to the Banks of the River -, and 
I think I have found a convenient Part of the 
Harbour, that, with a little Wharfing, I fhall 
be able to bring a fixty or a feventy-gun Ship 
to careen at it > and we have large Timber for 
Piles growing clofe to the Water Side, at the 
River I water my Ships at, lying two or three 
Leagues a|>ove where I lie in Line of Battle with 
our fix Capital Ships, on the Weather Side of the 
Harbour ; where we cannot be furpriz*d, being the 
two eighty-gun Ships that Sir Chaloner and I have our 
Flags on board of, and the four feventy-gun Ships, 
our fcconds , tor all the reft will be kept out a crui- 
zing, or. preparing to relieve thofe that are fo, 
and on any Enemy's coming, may place themfelves 
in the Van and Rear of our Line , and I am raifing 
a little Redoubt to keep a Guard at, to cover our 
Men in the Watering at the River I water the 
Fleet at, which is four or five Leagues diftant 
from the Mouth of that the Army is landed in, 
tho* both running into the fame Harbour. 
' As to the Sloop Tender my Nephew comes in, 
the Owners of her living in Rhode IJland, and the 
Hiring and Account of what has been advanced 
being kept by the Storekeeper at Jamaica^ make 
it neceffary fhc (hould be order*d back thither 9 
and her Crew are all borne as part of the Comple- 
ment of this Ship, as I judg*d that the moft frugal 
Management for his Majefty's Service. 

I live in hopes it cannot be long now before I 

fliall have the honour of hearing from you, my 

G laft 

[ 46 1 

lafl from your Grace being of the 28th of Fehrudry, 
now above five Months ago. 

I Ihall always carefully ftudy to govern myfclf, 
to the beft of my Judgement^ for our Royal 
Mafter*s Service : But it cannot but be an anxious 
thing to a Commanding Officer, to be long with- 
out knowing whetlier he has judg'd rightly of the 
Tenour of his Inftrudtions, which is mygreateft 
Ambition, and Ihall be my fludious Care. I am. 
My Lord Duke^ 

Bcyne, in Cumberland Xour Grace* S moft 

on ihe s'omb'sTdc Okdient, Humble Servant, 

of Qiha, July 29, E. V. 


To General Wentworth. 


I Received yours laft Night by Mr. Littleton, with 
the agreeable News of your advanced Party ha- 
ving got the Village without meeting any Re- 
fiftance, finding it entirely abandoned by its In- 
habitants. And I heartily congratulate you on the 
uninterrupted Flow of Succefs in their Proceedings, 
by all flying before them, and not daring fo much 
as to make the leaft Refiftance, tho', you obferve, 
tlic Narrownefs of the Path gave them the beft 
Opportunity for it. But here is neither a Hannibal to 
Command, nor Troops of any Service or Experience 
to obey ; and you fee by Experience, they fly like a 
Flock of Sheep before you. And, I take it, you are 
now got pafl the moft dangerous Part for their hav- 
ing any Opportunities of Arabulhing you ; aDanger, 
in my Apprehenfion, eafily avoided, by fmall ad- 
vanced Parties of your Blacks, ufed to brulhing 
the Woods, advancing before you to the Right 


t 47 i 
and Left. And, I remember, my Prifoner, the 
Spanijh Boy, Izquerda^ whofe Intelligence Colonel 
Cochran puts his Faith in, told me, before I fent 
him to you, that from the Village to the Town of 
St. JcLgo^ it was all Camino Real; which it ftands 
to Reafon it Ihould, as that was the Road from 
thence to Barracao, as well as to this Place. ^i .^ 
And though the Guide has not carried them jn- 
the diredb Path from your Camp, it is very plain 
he had a very good general Notion of it, by carry- 
ing them firft to the Houfes where the Longboats 
Sails were lodged, which was, to be fure, the direct 
Road they retired : By the Spanifh Boy Izquerda 
I underftood, the fecond Houfe was that of the 
Governor of St. Jago*s Don ^ixoie. Captain Pedra 
Guerra : And by my Officer's Letter I find, they 
are gone in a ftreight Line from us, as he has 
feen our Flag on the fame Point of the Compais 
that both your Camp and the Village are from us j 
which makes it manifeft they are in the right Way. 
And the three Letters you fent me, from the Go- 
vernor of St. y ago to Capt. Pedro Guerra (one dated 
the 19th of July, our Stile, another the 2otli, and 
the third the 2 2d) make it clearly manifefb, that 
his Meffengers were much lefs than twenty-four 
Hours in bringing his Letters from St, J^go to 
your Camp-, for we came in but the i8th in the 
Evening, and the 19th he anfwers the Letter he 
had from Capt, Pedro Guerra, giving him an Ac- 
count of our Arrival i and the next Day anfwers 
his fecond Letter : Which arc inconteftible Proofs 
that John Drake has not reprefented the Diftance 
nearer than it is. And if a Perfon was even to 
walk in Woods near his own Houfe, that he had 
not frequented for fome time, he would be liable 
to ramble out of his Way, and that once done in 
a Wood^ it is not eafy to recover. But that Dan- 
G 2 ger 

[ 48 ] 

ger is over now, fmce even Izquerda agrees it is 
Camino Heal from that Village. 

The flying of their Women and Children to St. 
Jago, can bring nothing there butTerror and Conr 
fufion, and increafe their Straitnefs of Provifions ; 
and to follow this Terror, once begun, clofe at the 
Heels, gives, in my Apprehenfion, the beft Prof- 
ped of Succefs : And I think the greateft Danger 
you have to run the Rifque of, is what may arife 
from Delay, and giving them Time to recover 
from their firft Fright, and even for preparing 
(what you find hitherto there have been only vifi, 
onary Apprehenfions of) Ambufcades. 

I remember the Guide's Account was, that the 
Way from the Village to St. J ago was through a 
Notch of the Hill we fee here, which lies diredly 
in a Line over the Village, according to the Ac- 
count I have of the Bearing of the Village from us ; 
and, I apprehend, cannot be far from the Village. 
And I imagine that from that Hill, as it is high, 
they cannot fail of feeing St.Jago : And as there are 
higher Grounds on each Side the Road, over that 
Notch of the Hill, I apprehend Parties of Blacks, 
fent firll to the higher Grounds on each Side of 
that Road, would be an Ambufcade upon any that 
ihould be attempting to lie in Ambufcade againft 
you there, as they could fall down upon the Back 
of them. And as I think Delay the moft fatal 
Thing that can happen to you, I cannot but think 
it my Duty, both in regard to the Crown and 
yourfelf, to caution you againft it. 

,1 was pleafed to hear by Mr. Littleton^ they had 
got about a hundred Horfes in a Pen ; and would 
not ftop him for my Letter, from carrying you Hal- 
ters for them as foon as he could .: But as you have 
Jorty-eight Ships under your Orders in the River, 
they can much fooncr fupply you with any Thing 


ef that kind you may want. I fcnt you my Ad- 
vice, by Mr. Littleton, to order every one of them 
to be preparing two large Canvafs fpreading Pokes, 
fuch as the Pedlars travel with, with their Goods 
in Boxes, which hang on each Side the Horfe, the 
Canvafs being fingle over the Horfe*s Back. And 
that they may carry the more, I think the Blacks 
ftiould be ordered to lead them on foot, and no 
one be permitted to ride them ; and each Ship 
might fyrnifh a Tarpawling, for a Sumpter-Cloth 
over them, to cover them from the Rain, for fe- 
curing the dry Provifions. And for the Meat, the 
empty Cafks might be carried by the Negroes after 
them, for putting the Meat up again into them ; 
with a Cooper from fome of the Tranfports, to 
head them, whenever you come where you would 
have them lodged for Stores. 

And when you are advanced fo far, as to be fure 
pf the Time when you can appear, to attempt the 
furprizing of the Batteries above the Morro Caflle, 
the EJirella, and St. Qatalina, (mentioned to be 
eafiiy.praflicable in the Information you have of 
Henry Cavcliery Carpenter ;) I will take Care to be, 
either myfelf or Sir Chaloner Ogle, off the Mouth 
pf the Harbour, to do all that (hall be found to be 
pra(5blcable to be attempted. 

And I- believe you will agree with me, that a 
few chofen Men are better to make the Attempt 
with, than very large Bodies, that require fuch 
large Supplies of Provifions going with them. 

As to fecuring your Camp you are now in, a 
fmall Number may be fufHcicnt for that, and you 
may with eafe land all your Field Pieces there for 
its Security , which Captain Fotreji, I will anfwer 
for him, will foon render eafily pra(5^cablc for you, 
if you defire it. " "**'', ^^ ' 

'' ' And 

[ 5 ] 

And I find the Village, for a Pofl of Commu- 
nication, is likewife very eafily fecured, as Mr. 
Sturton writes me that the River runs in an El- 
bow half round it, and likewife agrees with Drake's 
Information, tha,t the Village lies near the fame 
River, though not navigable to it : But this is a 
fine Supply of Frefh Water for thofe pofted there. 
I have reconnoitred all the Coafls of this Har- 
bour, from the Mouth of the River you are up, 
to that my Ships arc watering at, which is five 
Leagues ; and can plainly perceive, no one can 
come to attack your Camp that Way ; and believe 
there are no Inhabitants to do it Eaftward of this 
Harbour. And I am raifing a Redoubt, to fccure 
our watering at that River, and Hiall afterwards be 
trying to find fome Communication with your 
Camp from thence, which will ferve to put it in 
the greater Security from all Surprize. 

You cannot but he fenfible, that the Security 
of your Army and all your Tranfports, depends on 
our being in a Condition to defend this Harbour 
from any Enemy coming by Surprize on us : And 
you know the Force they have under Don Rodrigo 
de Torres, which may eafily come here, by going 
through the Gulph, and coming to the French 
Ifland of Hifpaniola. And if Mr. Gray^s Advices, 
"which I fent you, fhould be true, and a Squadron 
Ihould come to join them from France, the Fate of 
this Expedition mufl be tried by a Sea Combat, 
and our Defeat would be your certain Ruin. 

And befides, as I propofe being off the Harbour 
to fecond your Attempt all I can, the remaining 
Americans on board of us would, in my Apprehen- 
. fion, be moft in the Way on board of our Ships, 
even for throwing them afhore on the Batteries to 
windward of the Morro, if pra6ticable, on your -ap- 
pearing off there. So that, in all Lights, I cannot 


[ 5> ] 

but think them^ for the prefcnt, beft pofted here ; 
both for the Security of your Army, and feconding 
all Attempts on the Metro Caftle : And I am per- 
fwaded, on Refle(5lion, you will think fo too, and 
approve of their remaining here. For fotne of our 
Ships are near a hundred Men fhort of Comple- 
ment already, and we have but^ 6ur fix Capital 
Ships to be depended on for being in Harbour, 
as the reft muft be kept in conftant Employment 
in Cruizing, fome to Block up the Harbour, and 
the others for watching the Motions of the Ene 
my's Squadrons from all Parts, which I have them 
at prefent conveniently pofted for. "^ 

Your Letters were difpatch*d for Jarmica yef- 
terday by Captain Barnard^ and juft before he 
fail*d (tho* after my Letters were feal'd up) I had 
a Line from Capt. Forreft, of the advanced Party 
being arriv*d at the Village ; fo I had the Pleafurc 
of fending by Capt. Barnard a. verbal Account of 
it to Governor Irelawney. 

I have difpatch*d the Tork^ Captain Cotes^ away 
ioxLtoganey with the Vice Roy o^ Mexico* s Retinue 
(being twenty-feven) and fixteen mort Spani/h Pri- 
soners, that defir*d to be fet at Liberty there ; and 
eight more I fent by Captain Broderick to Car- 
tbagena, and the Spanijh Lawyer by Captain Allen 
to Leogane\ in all, fifty-two. And confidering 
that of thefe many were Officers and Gentlemen,; 
I think, according to the Ufage of War, thefe 
are more than an Exchange for the fixty-four rc- 
leas'd from St. J ago : So that I ftiall think of re- 
leafmg no more at prefent -, and fhall be glad of 
your Opinion, if you do not think it a full Eii*-- 
change, according to the Rules of War. 

I believe you will now think it proper, to try if 
you cannot engage any of your Prifoners to dif- 


t 52 ] 

perfe your Manifeflos, to try what Effects they 
may have. 

I am glad I can acquaint you, that Captain Allen 
is come into the Harbour, who fhall be ready 
to proceed with your Letters; tor the Governors of 
the Northern Colonies, whenever you defire it, 
i I have fent Capt. Chambers up with Capt. Watfon^ 
who is come in from his Cruize off St. Jago^ in 
cafe you might have any Qaeftions to afk him. 

And with my beft Wifhes for the Profperity of 
his Majefty's Arms under your Condud, I am, 

Boyne, Cumberland Har- Tour moji Obedient, 

hour, Aug. 2, 1 741. Humble Servant, 

E. V. 

P. S. Be pleafed to forward my Letter to Lieut* 
Slurton, when you write yourfelf. 

21? General W e n t w o r T h. 
: S I R, J .wi:!-;-' 

I Have fenC you by Lieut. Littleton a Sample of 
the Canvafs Pockets, that I think may be fer- 
viceable to you for conveying the Provisions for 
your Troops ; and on your approving it, I have 
order*d him to leave it with Mr. Wallace, for his 
having as many more immediately made as you 
judge you may want. You will perceive by what 
happen*d yefterday, in their attempting an Ambufh 
where my fmall Guard of Sailors were, that it is 
all a meer Jeft, and that they had more kill'd 
than they kill*d of our Men ; tho* they catch*d one 
of your Men eafing himfelf, whom they treated 
with fuch Barbarity, that, if the Rules of War ad- 
mit of it, I think fuch lurking Parties fhould have 
no Quarter. I did not expe<5t my Lieutenant nor 
my Guide in j but my Lieutenant fays it was Col. 


[ 53 ] 

Cockfan*s Order : But I fhall fend him back to his 
Duty to-day under his former Orders, to attend the 
Forces you order to advance to St. JagOy with the 
Guide, and to fhew them the Way, whenever 
you defire j and I am glad to hear they have fo good 
a Road before them. 

The Prize brought in yefterday came from Port 
PaJJage the Middle of June, is a prime-failing 
Ship, bought from the Privateers, to be fenc 
to the Vice Roy of Mexico and Don Rodrigo de 
Torres with Difpatches, which, he fays, he has 
thrown into the Sea. She has 'twenty-four Guns, 
and two hundred and twenty Men ; and God*s 
good Providence deliver*d her into our Hands, 
our Ship having a Gale of Wind to run up witji 
her when fhe was becalm'd. 

I fend you by Mr. Littleton the Tranflation of a 
Letter, that gives fome Account of European News, 
and I fend you the French News-Papers from Leo- 
gane ; and cannot forbear, on all Occafions, repeat- 
ing, that Delay, in niy Apprehenfion, is the only 
Enemy we have to fear. 

With my beft Wtfhes for Profperity to his Ma-. 
jelly's Arms under your Conduft, I am, 

Boyne, in Cumberland Hzx- Your mofi Obedient, 

bour, Aug. 5, 1 741 . j^^i^i^ Servant, 

E. V. 

7i? General Wentworth. 

THIS will be brought you by Lieut. Sturton, 
who returns to his Command under my for- 
mer Orders, of attending With ten Men, and the 
Guide, John Drake, to fhew your advanced Parties 
the Road from the Village to St. Jago^ and the 
H Batteries 

[ 54 ] 

Batteries above Morro Caftle, whenever they have 
your Orders to proceed, and you let him know 
your defire he fhould. 

He has Jikewife, on board my Brig Tender, 
Lieutenant Lowther under his Orders, who fpeaks 
Spanijh very well, and may be otherwife of Service ; 
and I cannot omit mentioning one of his Remarks 
for difcovering Parties in the Woods, which is, 
where-ever Carrion Crows, or other Birds, may be 
feen hovering. 

So that if you choofe Lieut. Lowther to com- 
mand the Party inltcad of Lieut. Sturton, he has 
my Orders to fend him, and to ftay to command 
the Brigantine himfelf. 

And this Detachment going with the Guide 
may be of further Service to you, if you think of 
having the two Pettereroes carried with the ad- 
vanced Party -, and our Men probably may be beft 
pradticed in making a proper Ufe of them. 

With my beft Wifhes of Succefs to his Majefty's 
Arms under your Condudl, 'Tarn, 

Boyne, in Cumberland Har- Tour moft Obedient, 

hour, ifland of Cuba, jj^^j^i^ Servant, 

Aug. 5, 1 741. g y 

Tb General Went worth. 

WE have taken into mature Confideration, to- 
gether, your Letter to Mr. Vernon of the 5th 
of this Month, which put us under an equal Sur- 
prize with what fell from you on the 2 2d of July, 
when we thought our Duty to his Majefty requir'd 
our laying our Thoughts before you on that Sub- 
jed, by our joint Letter of the 23d oi July. 

' And 

[ 5S] 

' And as in your Letter now, you mention your 
fpecdily calling a Council of War, in which you 
ihall come to a final Refolution , 

Mr. Vernon^ who had communicated to me be- 
fore all his Letters to you, thought it advifeable to 
confult with me, what anfwer was proper to be 
fent you to it 5 that tho' we have not a deliberative 
Voice in your Councils of War, we might defire 
you to communicate to them our Sentiments, be- 
fore they come to forming any final Rcfolutions. 

And having maturely confidcr'd the Letter you 
mention to have recfeiv'd from Mr. Vernon, of 
the 2d of Augufi, and the fubfequent Letters he 
fent you of the 5th of Augufi, I cannot but join 
with him in Opinion, that they contain very fea- 
fonable and friendly Advices to you, and fuch as, 
in our joint Apprehenfions, ought to be laid be* 
fore your Council of War, together with our for- 
mer Letters to you of the 23d of July, for theu* 
Confideration, before they come to a final Refo- 
lution (as you fay is intended,) for preventing pre- 
cipitate Refolutions being form'd. 

In this Letter you fay, it is not pofTible for any 
Number of Men to fubfift many Days in the Part 
of which they are at prefent poflefs'd \ which we 
cannot conceive your meaning by, when you cxn. 
fupply them with whatever Provifions they want ; 
and the further you advance, you know, you com- 
mand open Savannas full of Cattle for further Sup- 
plies j as we are inform'd by Lieut. Sturton, who 
advanced with the Guide and your Parties as tar aa 
they had Orders from you for going. 

Thefe Defiles you mention, have been march*d 
thro', and none of thofe Difficulties met with that 
you are fo full of Apprehenfions from ; and for-* 
ward on from the Village, there is lels Reafon to 
apprehend them, it being allowM to be CaminoReaL 
Hi Ana 


And as to your Apprehenfions from the Militia of 
this Ifland, we cannot better lay before you how 
groundlefs they gre, than by fending you the in- 
clofed Informatiwi from Mr. Toller^ one of the late 
releas^d Prifoners, whom your Council of War may 
have to exapiine, if they defire it *, by which you 
will fee, if you do but proceed vigoroufly, as de- 
termined to fucceed, there is the moft promifing 
Hopes of their revolting, and becoming willing 
Subjeds to our Royal Mafter. 

And as in Mr. Vernon's Letter he has already 
aflur'd you, that he will either himfelf be off the 
Port to meet you, or fend me with fuch a Detach- 
ment of Ships as fhall be necelTary, for doing every 
Thing that can be practicable by Sea, at the Time 
you give him Notice you Ihall be ready to make 
the Attack by Land upon the Batteries of the 
Eflrilla and Santa Catalina (which are reprefented to 
be fo eafily furpriz'd, in the Information you have 
of Henry Cavelier^ Carpenter, who has been lately 
employed at work in them ;) and as we fhall carry 
with us the Americans remaining on board, to land 
them at the Batteries to windward (if pradlicable) 
to join you there, we cannot conceive how it is 
poflible they can be better employ'd for your Ser- 
vice, and the Succels of this Expedition. 

We cannot likewife but be furpriz'd at your 
faying, that your being landed in the Harbour of 
St. Jago, or at the Batteries to windward of it, 
were the principal Motives for your confenting to 
this Undertaking ; when you know it was always 
our declared Opinions, from the befl Advices we 
had received, that fuch an Attempt was imprac- 
ticable. But if we find it otherwise, you may rely 
on our doing our Duty to the Crown. 

Every thing appears to us moft providentially to 
favour the Succefs of this Expedition, as, by Lieu- 

[ 57] 

tenant Sturton^s Report it appears, with very little 
Trouble even our Cannon may be advanced to the 
Polls that your advanced Guards are now at. 

And we apprehend, that, with proper Care about 
it, you may be poffefled of what Horles you pleafe, 
to carry your Provifions with you : But we think 
the principal Attack, to be tried on thofe upper Bat- 
teries, fhould be attempted fpeedily with a chofen 
Number of Men, not to give the Enemy Time to 
be preparing againft you. 

We thought it our Duty to lay our Thoughts 
thus feafonably before you, for your Council of 
War*s knowing our Sentiments in time, before 
their forming their final Refolutions, as you fay is 
fpeedily intended. 

With our beft Wilhes for the Profperity of his 
Majefly*s Arms under your Condud, we are, 

Cumberland, in Cumberland Xour mofi Obedient^ 

Harbour. South Side of ^^^^^^ Servants, 

Cuba, Au7. 6, 1741. ^ ' 

^ ' '^ E. Vernon, 

C. Ogle. 

^0 Captain R 1 n t o n e, of the Rippon. 
By, ^c. 

WHereas I think it of Importance to his MaT 
jefty's Service in the prefent Conjun6lure, 
to have a Communication immediately open'd be- 
tween the Bluff to the Weftward of the River 
where our Ships are watering, and the Incamp-' 
ment on the Side of the River Augufia \ 
^ You are hereby requir'd and direfted, to take with 
you a Detachment of thirty Men of Capt. Pepper'*^ 
Company, now on board of you, with the faid Cap- 
tain (who has my Orders to obey your Command 
on the faid Service;) and a further Detachment of 


[ 58] 

twenty American Forces, under one of their Offi- 
cers, from the Montagu and Ludbis) Cajile (whofe 
Captains you will (hew my Orders to, for their 
making the faid Detachments of twenty Men each 
accordingly) to be landed, for marching under 
your Orders, by Day-break to-morrow Morning, 
at the Bluff to the Weftward of the River : From 
whence, together with 20 Seamen, (with Hand- 
Bills, for clearing the Underwood where neceflary, 
and armed with Sword and Piftols only, as you will 
have a fufficient Number of Mufqueteers from the 
Detachments of AmericanYvoo^s) you are to march 
very leifurely, for opening your Communication 
with the faid Encampment on the River Augufia. 

And you will order it, if you can, to march in 
three open Files, for better difcovering any At- 
tempts to Ambufcade you, having a Lieutenant to 
command the Party that advances before your Sea-^ 
men for cutting the Underwood, and he having a 
Serjeant with a Detachment of his Men before him. 
And as the Way is not judged to be above four or 
five Miles difVance, and they need only clear the 
Underwood for making an open Way to be (ttn 
through, I apprehend it can eafily be done in a 
Morning , and Orders fhall be fent for the De-r 
^achment being vidualled on board my Brigantine, 
and, if the Way is found tirefome, to reft there 
for returning next Day. 

And as Troops in a Wood cannot be formed in 
a regular Order, you will difpofe your Officers in 
the beft Manner, for commanding the refpedtive 
Detachments ; and let them not m^rch with their 
Mufquets fhouldered, but refted on their Arms, to 
prevent Surprizes, and be the readier to receive an 
Enemy. And give this general Order to all com- 
manding the feveral Detachments, to fland their 
Ground, and face their Enemy wherever they ap- 

[ S9l 

|)car, and to defend themfelves as becomes bold Bri- 
tons, and giveTime to your other Parties to come up 
to fupport them \ inculcating this general Maxim to 
them, that facing one's Enemy is the beft Security, 
and turning one's Back to them is abandoning one's 
felf to fure Deftrudion -, an Order I judge not im- 
proper for new-raifed Troops. And for all other 
Orders found neceflary, I rely on your approv'd 
Judgment and Refolution. For, ^c. 

Given on board the Boyne, in Cumberland Har- 
bour, (^c, this 6th oi Aiigufi, 174I' 

To Captain Forrest, of the Alderney Bomb. 

By, IBc. 
"11 / Hereas I have ordered Captain Rentone^^ ^ith 
a Detachment of Marines and Seamen, to 
open a Way of Communication to-morrow Morn- 
ing, between the Bluff to the Weftward of the 
River our Ships Water at, and the general En- 
campment ; 

For his better Guidance in fo doing, you are 
hereby required and direded, to take with you a 
Detachment of thirty Men, from the Bomb-Ketch 
under your Command, and my Brig Tender, and 
to take Poft with therii early to-morrow Morning 
upon the Hill juft above the Camp, where Lieu- 
tenant Taylor made his Bonfire yeflcrday Evening : 
Which you are accordingly to renew to-morrow 
Morning, to fcrve for a Guidance to Capt. Rentone 
in his moving towards you. And you will from 
thence keep a good Look-out towards the faid 
Bluff (where a Fire is likewife ordered to be kept^ 
they being reckon'd to bear neareft E. N. E. and 
W.S.W. of each other*, ) to obferve that no Parties 
of the Enemy be moving that Way to annoy them ; 
in which Cafe, you are to move to fuftain them, 



taking Care to fend the General immediate Notici^, 
^d defire he would detach out Forces to fuftain 
you; and you will acquaint the General, if ftirring, 
or the Commanding Officer, with the Orders you 

And defire of them from me, that they would 
fend out Orders to their advanced Guards and Cen- 
tries, to acquaint them of it, and give out the 
fame Words to the Centries (for preventing Mrf- 
takes) as I have ordered for our Party. 

Which are, for thofe challenged to anfwer to 
the Centries, or Party challenging, in thefe Words, 
Great Marlborough's Glory ; and the Cen- 
try, or Party challenging, to anfwer. Victory. 
For, ^c. 

Given on board the Boyne in Cumberland Har- 
bour (forinerly called JVaUhenam) on the South Side 
oi Cuba, x.\i\s 6t\i oi Augufty 1741. 

To Mr. Wallace. 

I Have this Evening receivM your Letter j and was 
glad to hear Provifions were fent on board the 
Borfetjhire for the one hundred and forty-one Spanijh 
Prisoners you defire for the Tranfports, which I 
fhall make the Difpofition for fending on board of 
her on Tuefday Morning. 

I was glad to hear you were clearing Tranfports 
to fend for Provifions for the Army ; and as you 
fupply Provifions to the Army, pray order it to 
clear fome for the Fleet too, as I muft defire the 
General to fpare me fome of them "(I believe j 
to fetch Supplies for us. Pray contrive that 
thofe defign'd for both Services may be good 
Sailors, that they may the more fpeedily ply up to 
windward to us > and I have defigned a Ship for 


r 61 ] 

Convoy, that l)iall be. ready to fail whenever flie is 

I am fure thole Bags will do for carrying Provi- 
iions, and the Weight be nothing to a Horle, pro- 
vided no one be fufFer'd to ride them *, and a little 
long Grafs laid upon the Horfes Backs under them, 
will make them lie eafier and cooler to them than 
a Pack-Saddle. I am, 

Boyne, in Cumberland /v ' / 1 1 n 

Harbour, Qiba, Tour humble Ssrvant, 

^"g- 9' i74- E. V. 

^0 Capt. Forrest, of the Alderncy Bomb. 

Lieutenant Porter brought me laft Night a large 
Packet from the General, which I have not yet 
had time to read over this Morning ; but having 
caft my Eye on the Refolution, I fee plainly it is 
againft advaiKtng any further. 

And if that be the Cafe, I apprehend there can 
be no occafion for Lieut. Lowther and his Party, 
with my Guide, cotntinuing any longer abfent on 
board the Brig Tender. -" 

I would, therefore, defire you immediately to 
wait qn the GeneraJ, to know whether he is de- 
firous he flxould qpntinue with his advanced Party 
any longer : And if he does not, as it was only 
for his Service and at his Defire that he was fent, 
pray do you lend him Orders to return, with the 
next Orders the General fends that way , and fend a 
Meflenger of your own with your Orders to him, 
by the next Party that goes that way. And pray 
tranfad thefe Orders yourfelf, as I rely on your 
Prudence for the carc;ful Execution of them. 

I * * '"'^" ^- I was 

[ 62 ] 

i was pleasM to hear you found fo fliort and 
good a Road back to the Camp. I am, 

Cutnberland Harbour, Tour very btimhk Servant, 

Jug. lo, 1741. E. V, 

P. S. Deliver the inclofed to Lieut. S fur ton in 
your Way. 

To General Wentworth. 
S T R, 

IT being laft Night that your Letter of the 9th 
was brought, with the inclofed Refolutions of 
your Council of War, and the Reports of feveral 
of your principal Officers, and the Examination of 
a Spaniffo Prifoner, there was no Opportunity for 
their being fooner taken into Confideration than 

We have read them over together attentively, 
and having obfervM in your Letter, that you had 
communicated to your Cuncil of War all the fe- 
veral Advices given by us to you, as (in our Opinions) 
mod for his Majefly's Honour and Service, and 
your own , and having confider'd that, notwith- 
flanding, your Council of, War have, in their faid 
Refolutions, declar'd, 

"That they cannot march anyBodyof theirTroops 
" further into the Country, without expofing them 
^' to certain Ruin ; and that they are firmly of 
"Opinion, that their advancing with their Army 
" to St. JagOy in their prefent Circumflances, is 
" impradficable.'* 

As the Operations of the Army are, by his Ma- 
jefty's Inflru6l:ions, left under the particular Di- 
reflions o(-a Council of War of your own Officers \ 
after their liaving in luch a manner deliver'd their 
Opinions, it would ill become us to be giving our 



Opinions in fuch Matters, that his Majefty's In- 
ftrudions had left to the particular Deliberations 
of your Council of War. 

But we may obferve to you. Sir, that a good 
Part of thefe Objections are founded on the Dif- 
ficulty of an Army*s marching from hence to 
St. Jago with Cannon , which is what we never 
conceiv'd to be neceflary. .^r .,, l:--'^ 

But had it been found pra6licable," on your firft 
landing, for a chofen Detachment of a thoufand 
Men,, with a thoufand Negroes to have gone with 
them for carrying a Week*s Provifions, to have 
tried if thofe upper Batteries, of the Eftrella and 
Santa Catalina, could not have been furpriz*d and 
taken with Facility, as was reprefented in Henry 
Cavelier*s Information ; (which would have been but 
the Experiment of a Day ;) we apprehend the Fate 
of St. Jago might have been tried and determin'd 
before now : And if the Forces had not found that 
Facility in furprizing them as was reprefented, they 
would have had fufEcient Provifions tor their Retreat 
to the Camp. And as, on their fucceeding, we fliould 
have been one of us at hand to have endeavour*d 
to have pufh-d into the Harbour, the Town of 
St. Jago, and all the reft, would have fallen of 
Courfei the Town being an open Town, that would 
have been under the Command of our Guns. And if 
this Method had been thought proper to have been 
purfued, we apprehend they would not have had 
Time for amending their former Overfights, by 
taking fome Care to fecure the back Door ; whereas, 
from all former Informations, they had only been 
providing to fecure the fore Door, the Entrance 
4nto the Harbour. 

We flatter ourfelves, that in our former Advices, 

we have a(5led with a finccre Regard for his Majefty** 

][ionour and Service, and a friendly Gopd^will tp 

I 2 yours. 


yours. And we are determined, with our beft Care, 
to cultivate a good Underftahdiiig \vith you, and 
liich as are in Chief Command, agteeably to his 
Majefty's Inftruftions , which we defire you will 
afllire the other General Officers of-, as tnfcy have 
done us, in the general Refolution you fent the 
Copy of inclbfed. 

With our beft Wiflies for the Profperity bf his 
Majefty's Arms under your 'Condud, we are, 


$oyne, m CamlTerland Harbour ^our mofi Ohedienty 
(formerly c^\VAWahhenam) ' . ;^^^^/^ Servants^ 

on the bouth bide of Qiba, -i- *r 

Jug. lo.^y^x. KVerno^I. 

C. Ogle. 


7i> (7^^r^/ W 1 1* T w o u T ft. 
S I R, 

YOURS of the 1 1 th, mentioning your having 
communicated to the Members of your Council 
of War ours of the loth, was brought by Lieut. 
Pearfe this Morning, and we foon after rhtt to take 
it into Confideration. 

And it was with Pleafure we obferv'd your men- 
tioning the Members of your Council of War join- 
ing with you, in afluring us that nothing, on your 
Parts, will be wanting to cultivate the good Cor- 
refporidence fo ftrongly recommended by his Ma- 
jefty ; and which we gave you, as was our Duty, 
the like Aflurance of on ours. 

And we flatter ourfelves, all our Advices to you 
will appear to all impartial Men, to have had no 
other Motive than his Majefty's Honour and Ser- 
vice (to the beft of our Judgements) and a friendljf 
Concern for yours. 

And as you are defir'd by the Gentlemen of your 
Council of War, to haVe a General Council of 


[ 65 ] 

War held, to conlider of what is mofl proper w 
be done in the prefent Circumftanccs, we very 
, readily confent to what you defire ; and that yom 
and the principal Officers of your Army may not 
be cali'd far from your Camp, we have agreed 
to be on board the Vefuvius Firefhip, Capt. Tomfbn, 
to-morrow Morning before eight o'Clock, and to 
bring our two Senior Captains with us ; and the 
Signal fhall be made for the faid General Council 
of War, on board the fald Firelhip, by eight 
o'clock at fartheft. We are, 

SIR, . . 

Qanheriand, in Cumher- ToUT Itt&ft Obeditftt-ij^^ ^ 

Und Harbour, G^, f/?^w^/^ Servants^ '-"-I 

' COgle."^ 

' ' .,nw > 

31? General Wentworth. 

CAptain Hopkins brought me your Letter of the 
1 2th yefterday in the Evening, on board the 
Vejuvius Firefhip, in the River Augufta ; and I 
defir'd he would be on board the Seahorfe this 
Morning, and Capt. Allen fhould have his Orders 
to fail with him this Afternoon. Capt. Allen has 
had his Orders, as you defir'd, with the AfTurances 
of PrOteftion for all Ships or VelTels coming with 
Recruits or Provifions for the Army , but we have 
heard nothing further of Captain Hopkins, which 
I thought proper to advife you o 

And an Information in relation to Col. C u 

coming to my Hands, that will, I am perfwaded, 
furprize you as much as it did me, I thought it 
for his Majefty's Service, early to tranfmit a Copy 
of it to you, as thinking it, in our prefent Cir- 
<jumftances, of a criminal Nature : And 1 doubt 


[66 ] 

not but you will take early Meafures to prevent 
Shipping off Mules or Horfes, when they are fo 
much wanted for his Majcfty's Service. I am, 
S I R, 

Boyue^ In Cumberland 2'our Moji Ohdicnty 

Harbour, i^c. Humble Servant, 

- ^g- H. 1741- y 

^0 Captain Forrest, of the Al^erney Bomb. 

I Have fent you inclofed a Copy of Lieutenant 
Lxvther*s Journal, and Captain Chambers*s Re- 
port and Obfervations, for the General, according 
to ray Promife to him ; and an Order to Lieutenant 
^tnnes to return to his Duty : And I defire you will 
go up to the Camp, and deliver them both yourfelf 
into their refpeftive Hands^ witli my Service to the 
General. I am, 


j^oyne, in Cumberland Harbour, Xour bumhk Servanty ; 
pilay Juguji i<^, 1741. .^ E'Vi 

To Mr. Thomas Innes, Firft Lieutenant of the 
By, ^c. 
"llZHereas the Seairity of the Army will in great 
^^ meafure depend on the Fleet's being able to 
jnaintain its Poll in this Harbour, againft any 
Force the Enemy can bring j who, we know, car- 
ried with them from Cartbagena twelve Ships -of the 
Line, under Don Rodrigo de 'Torres, for the Havanna, 
and had three Ships of the Line there before : 

As I judge it neceflary, for our fupporting our- 
felves againft any fuperior Power, to throw up fome 
Batteries, both on the Eaft Point of tl;e Harbour^ 


and the little Ifland above us ; and as you think 
yourfelf to have fome Judgment as an Engineer : ^tj 
You are hereby required and directed, immedi- 
ately to repair to your Duty, as Firft Lieutenant of 
his Majcfty's Ship the Grafton^ I defigning to try 
what Judgment you have in that Way, by your 
preparing me a Plan for fuch Batteries as I fhall 
give you Direflions in, and drawing a Scheme how 
your faid Plan is to be executed ; by which I Ihall 
foon be enabled to judge of your Capacity that way* 
. But if General Wentworth fhould have fo little 
Confidence in the Engineer he has, as to think 
your Service as an Engineer of Confequence to him, 
and ihould have an Inclination to appoint yoii 
fuch ; if you chufe ferving the Crown under him 
rather than in the Poll you are in, I Ihall be ready 
to oblige the General v/ith yourDifcharge, if he and 
you requeft it, as you know our Service admits no 
Sine-Cures , and I fhall then commit fuchWorks to 
the Care of others. And upon fight of this Order, 
you are immediately to repair to your Duty. ; 
Given on board the Boyne^ in Cumberland Mar-^ 
hour, ( formerly called JValthenam ) on the South 
Side of Cuifa, the 15th of ^ugufiy 1741. 

" ' ' "^ ' . "; .'.v!; 

u\. 'To General Went w a il th. k-, tisud 

-uS IR, ' . -t ,-.; 

BEING defirous to tranfmit your Letters tO 
your Hands as foon as I can, I difpatch them 
to you before I have read all my Letters. 

But finding two Paragraphs in Captain Daveri^% 
Letter, relating to the Norway- Merchant Tranfport,. 
and Ly7in Hofpital-Ship, I have drawn out Extracts 
of them for you, that you may give the Orders ia 
the Affair that you think proper i and I cannot but 
agree with Captain Davers, that it would be proper 
to difcharge them from the Service. * , 5 

'-ni ^ For 


For were the Lynn Hofpital-Ship here, (he could 
h& of no Service to you, as fhe draws too much 
Water for getting her into the River Augujia ; fo 
that flie muft lie in the Harbour within us, which I 
take to be at Icaft ^tvcn Leagues from your Camp, 
which would render her of no Service to you as an 

Hofpital-Ship. And I t;ike Mr. C- /'$ Soli- 

citoufnefs about her, to be in regard to other Mer- 
chandize on board, that might not be fo fervice- 
able to the Army ; well knowing he has made ufc 
of his Majefty's Tranfports for his private Service, 
by my having figncd Bills of Exchange for near 
feven thoufand Pounds, for French Bj -andies by him 
fold to the Agent Viftuallers for the Fleet, and de- 
livered from the Tranfports ; and aU the Medicine- 
Chefts and the Surgeons are already arrived. 

I fend you likewife inclofed a Cjopy of the Re- 
port from the Matters of the two Tranfports, ia 

regard to Colonel C 's Negotiations for Ihip- 

ping off Mules and Horfes for j/atnaica j which I 
thought the more proper, as you will obferve that 
they were to go now with the Tranfports going for 

The Convoy to go with thef e Tranfports, when- 
ever you have them cleared fo r fending them, has 
been for fome Days pad read y, being Capt. Hore 
in the Ludlow-Cajlle. I flioulci be glad to have two 
of them for bringing up the Provifions for the 
Fleet, and to know the Time you think you fhaJl 
have thofe Tranfports ready f or failing for Jamaica^ 
1 that I may have all my Letters and Orders ready 
io go by the Convoy. 

I am glad I can acquaint you, that Part of the 
<f?argo of Captain Tr^t/^^r's Prize, taken off Rio La 
Hachay is Cloathing for three thoufand Sailors and 
ff vc hundred Soldiers, on board Don Rodrigo de 
1, orres's Squadron at the Havarma^ 

[ 69] 

I hear of no Englijh News later than the News* 
Papers of the 8th of May ; but am dilpatching 
Captain Hervey to Leogane to-day, for trying what 
News we can pick up among them. 

I fent one of my Lieutenants to reconnoitre hoW 
far the River is navigable for Boats above your 
Camp, which I find to be about three Miles higher; 
which is half a Mile higher up the River than your 
advanced Party firft crofs*d it : So that Provifions 
can eafily be conveyed by Boats to the other Side 
of the River, at that firfl Crofling the River; which 
I thought it material to inform you of. 

The Augufta with her Tranfports was feen off 
here at Sea laft Night, and I hear they bring you 
feventy-five Men in the miffing Tranlport, and^ 
one hundred and fixty-two of your recover*d Men 
in the other two Tranfports. I am, 
^ IR, 

Boyne, in Cumber landHsxhoMTy Tour tnoft Obedient^ 

Cuba, Juguft 17, 1 741. Humble Servant^ 

E. V. 

To General Wentworth, 

VOURS of the 17th was brought me laft 
-' Night; and I have been this Morning to re- 
connoitre the Eaftern Entrance into this Harbour^ 
where I intend erecting a Battery, if you can affift 
us from your Ordnance Stores, for laying the 
Platforms. I then faw two of your Tranfports, and 
have given the neceflary Orders for their being 
piloted up the River to you, as you defire; and 
whenever you will plcafe to fend your two white 
Prifoners down, they Ihall be recewid on board my 
Ships, as you defire. 

K I wag 


I was glad to hear you had taken effeflual Mea- 
fiires, to prevent the Shipping off for Jamaica fuch 
Horfes and Mules as have already been fecured for 
the Service of the Army. 

In all the Advice given by me and Sir Chaloner 
Ogle, I can afllire you, we had nothing in View 
but the Honour and Profperity of his Majefty's 
Arms, and, of confequence, yours, who had the 
Chief Command of his Army. 

I hope the Gentlemen of your Council have had 
no other Views in the Advice they have given you ; 
and where one of them appear'd to me to have 
felfilh Views, I thought it my Duty early to advife 
you of it. 

And you will find in me an Inclination, at all 
Times, to maintain an amicable Correfpondence 
with you. I am, ' 


Boyne, in Cumherland Har- YoWT mofi Obedient^ 

bour, Aug. 1 8, 1 741. Humble Servant^ 

E. V, 

To General Wentworth: 

I Received yours of the i8th laft Night, by 
which I find Mr. C / does not reprefent 

Things truly to you. You know, Sir, when I 
found the Army*s Medicines and Surgeons were 
left behind, I offer'd you a Ship to fetch them 
with Expedition to you, which was done accord- 
ingly, well knowing the Lynn Hofpital-Ship to be 
a heavy Ship, that could not be depended upon to 
be got here in time ; and I was not, therefore, for 
having their coming depend on fuch a Contin- 
gency as getting a heavy Leewardly Ship up to 
windward. But I believe, as we are ftationed 


[ / ] 

and my Cruizers pofted, Mr. C^ /, and his Lymi 
too, might have come, as to any Danger from an 
Enemy, with as much fafety as any Man can walk 
from the Royal Exchange to IVeJiminJier \ and no 
Officer of mine would have given him any Impedi- 
ment, if he could have found Men to fail her, as 
they are chartered to do. 

Since there feems fo much Time wanting to 
credt this Magazine, I muft beg the Favour of you 
to order Mr. Wallace to clear the Provifions out of 
the Traniports you defign to fend to 'Jamaica^ for 
your Provifions and ours, into other Tranfports, 
that they may fail as foon as polTible ; as I ftopp'd 
the Convoy for going with them, and want her 
to be going with fuch neceflary Orders as are 
wanting to be fent to Jamaica. And I fhould 
be glad to know, as foon as I can, of the certaia 
Day they can be ready. 

If you have any Soldiers you fufpe<5l of defign- 
ing to defert, and you fend them, as we are (hort 
of Complement, they Ihall be received : But I 
can't think their only being Irijhmen a fufficient 
Inducement for it. Your firft advanced Party was 
made up, to a very few Men, of the Americans y 
I fent up in my Flotilla a hundred Blacks j and as 
to the Company from this Ship, I know they were 
moftly compo^d of Irijhmen, and fome of them 
Convids : Yet, by the Report of Capt. Wajhington^ 
their Captain, they all went on the Service with 
great Chearfulnefs, and are all return*d according 
to your Orders, without a Man deferting ; and they 
were conccrnM to be recallM, and expreiVd them- 
felves defirous of going again. And for the fmal) 
Party of my Men that their Ambufh endeavour'd 
to furprize, the Man of mine that was lb much 
wounded, and behaved himfelf fo gallantly (as did 
all of that fmall Party) was one Hugh Machara, an 
K 2 Irijhman : 


Jrijhmnn : And as he is difabled from getting his 
Bread, I have made him Cook of this Ship for it. 
I think any thing of a general national Refiedion 
(hould be ftiidioufly avoided, which you will be fo 
good as to excufe me in a friendly mention of. 
I am, 


Btyyne, in Ctmhr/an J Hzrboar, Tour mojl Obedient^ 
Cuba, Jug. \(), 17 ^u Humble Servant^ 


^0 General Wentworth. 

I Have reccivM yours of the 19th; and Unce you 
fay the Storehoufe will be ready to receive Pro- 
vifions the latter End of this Week, as that will 
make fo fmall a Difference, I willingly acquiefce 
in what Mr. Wallace gives his Reafons for, for the 
Service of the Crown : But hope he will contrive 
to have them all in a readinefs for failing before 
the Middle of next Week, and fliould be glad to 
know the certain Day they can be ready. 

The beft Intelligence I have fent me being con-, 
tained in two Letters, one from Csipt, Bofcawen and 
the other from Mr. Gray, I fend them to you to 
penife, by Captain Hore, who is to convoy the 
Tranfports to Jamaica ; and I fend you likewife in-r 
clofed the Letter I had from Governor Trelawney,, 
by Mr. Hodgfon ; and fhould have fent you by him 
my Letter, but that I imagined he had writ to you 
to the fame purport. Thefe Letters you will pleafe 
to return me when you have perufed them. 

And I have direded Mr. Hodgfon to affure you, 
tliat if you approved of lending a Detachment of 
i. hundred Men with him, as the Governor defired, 

I would 

[73 ] 

I would readily /end a Man of War to convoy 
them, and protect them there for fome time. 

You will fee by Mr. 1relawmy*% Letter, he pro- 
pofes making Mr. Hodgjon Governor of Raiati 
Ifland, and giving Land, as an Encouragement, tq 
fuch as will go there. 

And I doubt not but, with your Leave, there 
would be Voluntier Officers and Men ready to go 
with Mr. Hodgfon^ with a View of fettling there, 
that Ifland being reputed very fertile ; and it is cer- 
tainly well fituated for proteding our Logwood 
Trade -, and the fecu ring it, would not only be fer- 
viceable in that refpeA, but keep it from being a fu- 
ture Receptacle for Pirates, as it was twenty Years 
ago : So that I can't but give it as my Opinion, that 
fuch a Settlement would be of National Service. 
And if you approve of detaching a hundred Ame- 
ricans thither, I will fend a twenty-gun Ship to 
convoy them, and to cruize off there for fomeTime 
for their Proteftion, before (he returns to bring us 
fome certain Accounts of their Succefs, and how 
thofe fettled on the Mo[quUo Shore, and the Log- 
wood-Cutters in the Bay, approve of it, and are 
inclin*d to come in and fupport it. I am, 

S 1 R, 

Boyne, in Cumberland Harbour, ToW moji Obedient^ 

Cuba, Jug. 2^,1-^1. Hj^ji,ig Servant, 

E. V. 

7b General Win t worth. 

I Have jufl now received yours \ and ^^as forry to 
find the Stores of your IVain fo fliorr, that we 
can expeft no Affiftance from it i fo mult turn our 
Thoughts to do as well as we can witliout. 

I was 


I was glad to hear you found the Enemy's Party 
fuch as I always reprefented them to you, that 
they would not ftand the Teft with thofe that 
pulh'd them heartily. 

As to what you mention of a Robbery on board 
the Tranfports , as they are under your Jurifdidion, 
I look on them as moft properly under your Cog- 
nizance, I never having had any particular Orders 
in regard to them. And were I to hold a Court 
Martial on it, it muft be from the Party robb*d 
lodging his Complaint, and fwearing to it before 
tlie Judge Advocate, and appearing perfonally as 
an Evidence on the Trial. And confidering they 
have not been direded by Authority to be under 
my Jurifdiftion, I am in fome Doubt as to pro- 
ceeding criminally againft them , and as they are 
under your Orders in all other Refpeds, I think 
this fliould not be turn*d over to me. 

The Augufia being a clean Ship, faiPd yeftcrday 
to cruize on the Spamjh Privateers cruizing on our 
Trade from the Northern Colonies, and is out of 
the Reach of any Orders from me. I am, 

Boyne in Oimherland -yj,^^ ^^a Qhedient^ 

5^'": ":: liurnbU Servant, 

in the Evening. E. V. 

To General Wentworth. 

IReceiv'd yours of the 2 2d late in the Evening, 
when I was with Sir Chaloner Ogle on board his 
Ship, aad communicated to him then Governor 
Trelawney^s Letter (which you had returned me) 
and the foul Draught of my Letter to you ; and 
found him entirely in the Opinion of Governor- 
I'relawney and me, that what hi^ Excellency pro- 

[ 75 ] 
pos*d was much for his Majefty's Honour and 
Service, for fecuring fo valuable a Trade to his 
Subjedls as that of the Logwood Trade -, befides 
the Profpedt of opening frefh Branches of Trade 
into the Province of Guatimalay that may prove 
very beneficial to the Nation. 

Governor Trelawney, we think, has fufficiently 
^ven his Opinion, by being the Propofer of the 
Undertaking ; and as we both agree in thinking 
it right, you have the Opinion of the major Part 
of the Council, that (as you mention) his Majefly 
has nam*d in his Inftruftions. 

Finding there are like to be further Delays in 
getting the Tranfports ready, I hope you will be 
pleafed to order it fo, that they may be ready to fail 
by Monday the laft of this Month , and I will delay 
the Convoy till that Time : "When we ihall have 
the Satisfaction of feeing the Augufi Moon over, 
which has at different Times been fatal to J amaicay 
three Hurricanes having happen*d on the 28th of 
this Month, 

I fent you early on Sunday Morning the May 
Magazine, as you defir*d j but had not Time for 
anfwering your Letter fooner. 

I fear, as you do, that our Affairs are not in 
the befl Situation at home ; and by what I can 
perceive from the publick Papers fent us, it appears 
to me, that their Expectations at home are, that 
vigorous Proceedings on our Parts fliould put them 
in a better, by diftrelTuig the Spaniards all we can 
here, to make them cry out for a Peace at home. 

Our not having any Publick Letters fincc the 
28th o^ February, can't but give me fome Uncafi- 
nefs, as well as you -, and I am taking all the Care 
I can to fifh out for the earlieft Intelligence from 
the French, as we are much better polled here to 
watch all their Motions than afc Jamaica. 



[ 76 ] 

And as I defign fending another Exprefs, for 
having his Majelty inform'd of the Situation of 
Affairs here, about the fame Time (Tuefday the ift 
of September) whether we hear from home or not ; 
I give, you this early Intelligence of it, defiring 
you will have your Letters ready againft that 
Time. I am, 

Boyne.'wi Cumberland /, ' n r\T i' 

Harbour, Cuba, ^^ur moji Ohedietit, 

Jug. 2 3, 1741. Humble Servant, 

in the Evening. E, V . 

To Gemral W e n t wo r t h. 

I Have received yours of the 28th; and am glad 
to hear that tjfie Tranfports will foon be ready 
for failing, as the Convoy has long been. And 
having fent previous Orders to Captain Davers to 
be preparing every thing for their difpatch back on 
our Parts, I can venture to anfwer for it, no Delay 
will arife on our Side -, and if Mr. Campbell does 
but give a like difpatch to your Orders, I doubt 
not but we fhall foon have them here again. 

My Sloop has been to reconnoitre the Coafl be-, 
tween this and the Aquadores, within thefe few 
Days, clofe under the Shore, and much nearer than 
any Ship can be ventured ; and found it all an Iron 
Shore, and no Anchor Ground in it in any part ; 
fo your Informers in regard to any Bay between 
this Place and that, have entirely mifmformed you. 

I have waited for the Difpatch of this Convoy, 
for executing perfonally my Intention of viewing 
the Mouth of the Harbour : Not that I have the 
the lead Doubt of the concurrent Teftimonies of fo 
many experienced Officers, whofe Reports you have 
ikewife had; but that I maybe the better enabled 


t 77 ] 

to give our Royal Mafter Satisfa6:ion, in cafe his 
Majefty fhould think it proper t6 alk me any 
Qaeftions about it. But I intend going as a Paf- 
fenger, without any Flag flying ; and Ihould be 
very glad if you would fend any Officer of your 

Army to accompany me, except. Colonel C- n, 

whofe Reprefentations made to you already, are 
not held by me en Odeur de Saintete. I am, 

SIR, ' ' 

Soyfif, in Cttmherland Hzrhovir, ToUT niofi Obedient, 

Cuba, Aug. 29, 1 741 . ' ' ; Humble Servant, 

P. S. I defire you will be pleafed to fend your 
Letters for England by Tuefday Morning next, the 
Time appointed, for difpatching an Exprefs with' 
ihem, in my Letter of the 23d Inftant. 

To General Wiif TWO SLTH. 
SIR, ^ ''- 

CAptain Forreji having brought me the annexed 
Account, I judge it for his Majefty*s Service 
immediately to communicate the fame to you by 
him, not doubting but you will take fuiih Meafures 
in it, as you think will- be moft conducive to his 
Majefly's Service. ' 

And the Convoy being juft now come in frcm^ 
England, I have likewife tranfmitted you by him 
fuch Letters as are already come to my Hands for 
you, and will do the fame by any movt that ima/ 
be brought me for you, lam, . .: , ^ ^ v. v. 

S I R, ' X''^'^-^' 'l 

Boyne, in Cumberland Harbour, Tour mojl Obedient ^ ''^ 

, Qtka, Jiug. 3P, J74I. Humbk Servant. '^ 

.;//.;.'] :::-: - : .;. V. 

.;."->. ; . jvi\'.j>l cm .. 

;^i L To 

^0 General Wentworth. 
' I '' H E Ships from England coming in late laft. 
A Night, gave only time for fearching for what 
Letters there might be for you : And finding only 
two, that feemed from private Hands only, I fent 
you, by Captain Forreji, by Letter from his Grace 
the Duke of Newcajile^ as he mention'd in it his 
not having Time to write to you, and defired I 
would make you his Compliments ; with which 
Captain Forreft was difpatch'd to you, together 
with a Letter accompanying the Copy of a Re- 
port he brought me, of material Difcoveries made 
by his Men, that I judged of Importance to be as 
early as polTible communicated to you. 

After his being gone I opened my other Letters, 
and find thofc of moft Importance to be two, (one 
of the 23d oi May, and the other of the 21ft of 
June) from the Right Ifon. Sir Charles JVager. 
And though they are writ to me in a friendly 
Style, as he has the Honour of being of the Re- 
gency, and is judged to be in the Secret of Affairs, 
I believe you will think his Judgment in thefe 
Things pf no Imall Confequence. And a^ I have 
Ipng held his Judgment in high Efteem, an4 think 
no one has taken more Pains to be informed of the 
Sipyatipp of Affairs in this Country ; I could not 
l^ut thipik it of Confeqviepce to communicate them 
XQ ^\x ^Moner Pgky and take his Opinion, both 
upon them and the Reports fent you by Captain 
Forreji, and alfo upon my pwn Obferyations on 
perfonally reconnoitring moft Parts of this exten- 
five Harbour and the Country round it, and the 
Reports .tji^t have been made by judicious Officers, 
erpplpyed for opening Communications between 
the two Rivers, and frequently paffmg and repaf- 
fing them. 

.1 By 

[ 79 ] 

By thefe it appears plainly manifeft, that a few 
Miles, by the Bordei's of Open Salinas^ there is an 
even open Road for marching Troops, without the 
leaft Apprehenfions from Defiles, or Ambufcades i 
and by the Report fent you, it is but three Miles, 
by a very good Path through Woods pretty clear 
of Underwood, where you can fee every Way 
about you, to come into the open Savanna, where 
they faw fuch Numbefs of Horfes grazing ; and 
which, from the beft Judgment we can form, 19 
the Eaftern Part of the Savannas where Colonel 
Cdckran advanced to, called Guantanamo and Santa 
Catalina, lying between the two Rivers, theWeftern 
Part being where he Was, near the River you are 
encamped by. 

And as it manifeftly appears to us, that it is the 
EXpedation of our Royal Mafter, the Legiflature, 
and the Body of the Nation, that the utmoft Ef- 
forts Ihould be exerted in thefe Parts, to diftrefs 
the Spaniards wherever we can ; and as fo judi- 
cious a Perfon as Sir Charles Wager, has lo plainly 
pointed out thefe Parts as very proper for it in his 
Apprehenfion , 

We think it our Duty, in regard to the Honour 
and Intereft of our Royal Mafter, to reprefent to 
you on this Occafion (though out of our Province) 
that it appears eafily pradicable to us, to have a 
Bdy of your beft Troops to undertake the En- 
trance into the Savanna at the Weftern End of it, 
as above defcribed ; and to march quite through 
the faid Savanna (the Grafs of which is no where 
faid to be above five or fix Inches high) up to the 
former Poft, at the Houfes by the River Side, in 
which you would have an open Field, in our Ap- 
prehenfion, for furprifing and cutting off any Par- 
ties of the Enemy that may be lurking there, and 
may make yourfelves again Mafters of fuch rich 
L 2 Savannas 

[ 8oJ 

Savannas full of Cattle -, and taking Pofl again at 
thofe Houfes, foon open yourfeJf a fecure Commu- 
nication with your prefent Camp : Which would be 
a good Advance towards diftrefling the Enemy, and 
' be a feafonable Relief to your own Army, bcfides 
the Honour done to hisMajefty'sArrhs, that would 
principally redound to your Credit. 

As all this appears clearly to us in the Light we 
have reprefented it to you, we flatter ourfelves, you 
will receive this our friendly Advice ft) you, as the 
Refult of our Zeal for oui: Royal Mafter's Honour 
and Service, and a good will to yours. We are, 

Boyne, in Cumb'erland Tour mofi Obedient, 

Harbour, Cuba, -i,^.i-.- Uumbk Servants, 
^"S-^'>'^^'' ^ ^ , E. Vernon, 

n ./- C. Ogle. 

- .. .'j ,. ' ! . ' >1 .. 

To his Gface the Duke of 1<1 ***** *. 
My Lord Duke, 

MY laft to your Grace was of the 29th o^July, 
from this Harbour. On the 30th the Tork 
join*d me, with the Vice Roy of Mexicans Retinue 
from Jamaica, whom I had ordcr*d up hither, to 
exchange againft the Prifoners releas'd from St, 
Ja^o ', but finding they chofe rather to be landed 
at Leogane and to hire a Sloop and take a PafTage 
from thence to La Vera Cruz, I immediately clos*d 
with their Requell, and fent them, and fuch others 
as defir'd it, up thither in the Tork, judging the 
releafing them there mod for his Majefty's Service ; 
and the more efpecially, as it gave me fo fair a 
Pretence for continuing a watchful Eye on their 
Motions. She fail*d with them {ox Leogane the ift 
of Augufi ; and the fame Day I fent my Orders for 
Jamaica by the Firebrand Firefhip. 


,, The 24 oiAuguJi the Seaborfe came in here from 
Jjcogane -, and I lend your Graqe inclofed a Copy 
of the Letter he brought me from the Marquis 
.^.Larnage. .t"-iill 

, pn the 4th o^ 4ugufi the JVorceJier, one of ftiy 
Cruizers, came in here with a Spanifh Man of War, 
of twenty-four Guns and two hundred and twenty 
Men, that failed the 29th of June froni Port Paf- 
fage^ with Difpatches for the Vice Roy of Mexico 
as he fays, which, according to his Orders, he 
thi:ew overrboard before he was taj^en j and he be- 
lieves he was to have return'd with Money. And 
as, probably, he had likewife Orders for tjie Spaniff} 
'Admiral Don Rodxigo de Torres at the Havanndf, 
.,l:his intercepting him, I hope, may prove of great 
Advantage to his Majefty's Service > not only 'in 
difappointing the Uetum of the Money by hiitj, 
,but likewife depriving them of Orders how to con- 
dud then^felves. All the private Letters mention 
her as a prirne Sailor, and advife all their Friends 
to come Paflengers in her, for their greater Secu- 
rity, fome mentioning that fhe has failed five 
Leagues in an Hour. And I find by others, Ihe 
was the Privateer that took our two 'Turkg Ships i|i 
the Channel, and that the Crown of Spain bought 
her for this Service, on her being reported fo good 
a Sailor. Bat God's good Providence made us a 
Prefent of her, our Ship having a Gale of Wind 
to run up with her, when flie lay becalmed under 
Cape Nicoloa. On the 5th I difpatch'd the IVur- 
cejler to Sea to her former Station. 

On the 9th arrived here the Deptford z.nd JEma 
Firefhip, with a Vidualler, v/ith Wine and Oil for 
the Fleer, from Gibraltar , but the Wine is very in- 
different, and I fliall order the imnx-diate ifTuinc: 
of It, to prevent more of it from decaying, fomc 
being quite decayed already. 


[ S2 ] 

By the Deptford I had a Letter from Captain 
yohn ^revor^ of the Defiance, of his having taken, 
off Rio la Hacha, a Ship under French Colours, of 
three hundred and fifty Tons, twelve Guns, and 
fifty Men, called the Providence, laden with Beef, 
Pork, Flour, Brandy, Wine, Bar Iron, and fome 
dry Goods, bound for Carthagena ; which he 
fuppofes to be one. of their Regifter Ships from 
CadiT;. 'i '^''"^ ' 

On the i2th the iJ^>w eame in' that had the 
Blacks on board, which were caft^away in the Ver.e 
Pink. ^ ^'^i'^-' -'" ' i ^^'^* ^^ Eiv/-5n c.^---: 

' And 1 ani cohcb^ned, that I arh how obliged, 
from the different SenViments of the Officers in his 
Majefty's Sea and Land Service, to tranfinit your 
'6race Copies of all that has pafTed fince my lafV, 
rthat the whole may clearly appear, for his Majefly 
tb form his Judgment on ; as I think this is the 
fairefl way of laying thefe different Sentiments be- 
fore your Grace, for our Rc^l Mafl:er*s Infor- 
mation. ^}^ :' 

I iliall only mention Here^-'that I mufl begin 
with a Copy of what I willingly omitted fending 
in my lafl, but which is now become nectffary, be- 
ing a Copy of a joint Letter from me and Sir Chti- 
loner Ogle to General Wentworih, of the 23d of 
July, 1 74 1. 

A Letter from General Wentw$rtb to me of the 
24th oijuly, 1 74 1. 

Another, o^ July /^i, 1741. 

Another, of Augu^ i, 1741. 

A long Letter from me to General Wentvmrth^ 
o^ Auguft 2, 1741. 

Two other Letters from me, of Augufi 5, 1741. 

A Letter from General Wentworth to me, of 
Auguji 5, 1 741. 

A joint 

[ 83 ] 

A joint Letter from me and Sir Chaloner Ogle 
to General Wentwortb, (with a Copy of a Letter 
from Mr. Toler to me) of Augufi 6. 1741. 

A Letter from General Wentworth to me, (inclo- 
fjng a Copy of the Refolution of their Council of 
War of the 8th) oi Auguft 9, 1741. . 

A joint Letter from me and Sir Chaloner Oglt 
to GtntnH fFeniivorfb, of Augufi 10, 1741. 

A Letter from General Wentworth to me, of 
Auguji II, 1 741. 

A joint Letter from me and Sir Chaloner Ogle 
to the General, of Augufi 12, 1741. 

On the i3tb of Auguji I fummoned a General 
Council of War onboard the F^^;/j Firefliip, in 
the River Augujia, as the General had denred ; 
where I had firft read by the Secretary, as Intelli- 
gence received fince our laft General Council of 

A Declaration ot Miguel Perez, Captain of a 
Sloop from St. JagOy and a Refident there, of 
Auguji II, 1741. 

A Declaration of Manuel de la CruZy a free Ne- 

groe, and Refident of St.Jago, oi Auguji 12, 1741. 

Captain Allen*s Account of what pafled at Mar* 

quefs de Larnage's Table at Leogane, of Auguji 12, 


Captain Chamher*s Report and Qbfervations oa 
his Cruize off St. 7^^^, of Auguji 11^ 1741. 

Mr. T^y/^r's Letter to me, of Auguji 7, 1741. 

Mr. Macneiil*s Remarks on the Roads betweeiv 
the General's Camp and Guanianamp, of Auguji 1 3, 

Lieutenant Sturm's Account of his March from 
the Camp, between the 25th of July and the 4th 
of Au^uh-t 1 74 1. 

Lieutenant il^;/Z>^r*s' Journal between the 6th 
;jnd I2th of .^//g/?, 1741. 


Goples of all which, but Captain C/&^;^^j*s Re- 
port and Lieutenant howther*s, Journal, I delivered 
the General. 

After which, I obferved to the Council of War, 
that Capt. Perezes, and Manuel de la Cruz*s Accounts, 
were a full Proof of what Drake^ the Guide, had 
afferted, of the Conveniencies to be found in the 
Road from the Village to St. Jago ; and that the 
Governor of St. y^^c's Letters were likewife a full 
Proof he had not erred in his Account of the Dif-- 
tance ; and Experience fhewed, he had been right 
in his Accounts to the Village : And that, though 
tjie Refolutions charged him with an Error in the 
Road between the Village and St. Jago, it had ap-; 

jieared that Colonel C n (on whole Report they^ 

were faid to be principally founded) had never 
advanced himfelf even fb far as the Village , fo 
that his could only be Reports at fecond hand, 
from Spani/h Prifoners. And I obferved, that their 
faid Refolutions went no farther than declaring, 
" they thought it imprafticable to advance further 
" into the Country :" Which, I thought, left the 
latter part of our unanimous general Refolution 
ftill in its firft Force, 1)1%. " to get up to the Vil- ' 
** lage of Santa Catalina with the utmoft Expedi-, 
'^ tion, and at all Events to fecure that, and -a^ 
*' Communication with this Harbour, as a probable 
" Foundation for fecuring a Footing in this Ifland, 
" for waiting for further Succours to enable them 
" to compleat the Redudion of it ;" which, as 
they had yet refolved nothing againfl it, we could 
not but hope they would flill purfue. And I added, 
that, for my part, though I found their Council of 
War had been in another Sentiment, I Ihould die^ 
in the Opinion, that a thoufand chofen Men, with, 
a thoufand Blacks to have . carried Provifions for 
thenn, might in three Days hav^ i^(}v^nged, to try 

[ 85 ] 

if Itirprlfing the EJirellaznd Santa CatalinaB^ttcrlci^ 
Were pra<Slicable j and had fufficient Time and Pro- 
vifipns for their Retreat, if they had found it other- 
wife : By which the Fate of St. Jago might, in my 
Apprehenfion, have been determined long before 
now. But I did not pretend to advance my Opi- 
nion for a Rule to theirs, which I hoped, for their 
Sakes, they might be right in, though it appeared 
quite otherwife to us of the Sea. 

And as his Majefty's Inftrudions gave us no Au- 
thority to deliberate in what Manner they were to 
a(5t by Land, after foggefting our Thoughts, art! 
kaving with them Copies of the new Evidence we 
had produced* we could only^exhort them to what 
they had declared an equal Inclination for ; to do 
the utmofl in their Power for his Majefly's Ho- 
nour and Service ; which they afTured us, was their 
Intention ; and we then civilly feparated, without 
thinking any new Refolutions necelTary to , be 

Capt. Chamhers*s Report and Obfervations, and 
Lieutenant Lowthcr'% Journal, that were read at the 
Council of War, I fent Copies of to the General 
on the 15th oi Auguji^ not having had Time for 
having them copied fooncr. 

The 14th at Night anchor'd in the Harbour's 
Mouth the Tork from Leogane : And I fend your 
Grace inclofed a Copy of the Letter I received by 
her from the Marquefs de Lamage ; and finding 
they are expeding Advices of a general War, 1 
Ihall embrace the Opportunity I have, of fending 
a French Sailor he has demanded, by Capt. Hervey 
of the Superbe^ to continue keeping an Eye on their 
Motions, and endeavour at obtaining the earliejft 
Advices from thence. 

I fend your Grace like wife inclofed. Copies of a 
Letter from the General of the isth, acquainting 

M me 


me Captain Hopkins had his Difpatches ready to 
proceed to North America ; and of one from me to 
the General, of the i4thi with the Information in- 

clofed relating to Colonel C- n. And Captain 

Allen advifing me on the 15th in the Morning, 
that the Officers were come on board with the Ge- 
nerals Letters, I ordered him to put to Sea (pur- 
fuant to my former Orders) for New Tork, as foon 
as the Sea Breeze came in ; and he put to Sea the 
i^th o^ Auguji in the Morning accordingly. 
The 1 6th I detached Captain Cotes in the Tork^ 
to fupply the Station off Rio la Hacba, left by Capt. 
Trevor on taking the Regifter Ship from St. Se^ 
hajiianh. This Ship proves to have Cloathing and 
Provifibns for Don Rodrigo de Torres'?, Squadron, 
and Iron Work for Ships which they are building 
a;t the Havanna^ and will turn out a rich Prize ; 
and all the Spanijh Papers were found concealed in 
a Beam of the Ship, hollowed for that purpofe. 

On the 1 7th I detached the Superbe, Capt. Hervey^ 
to Sea for Leogane^ (as I mentioned my Intentions) 
principally to keep a watchful Eye on our Neigh- 
bours at this critical Juncture. And I fend your 
Grace incloied Copies of a Letter from me to the 
General, jof the iahle Date, informing him how 
far I had found the River navigable for Boats above 
his Camp ; as hkewife of one I received from him, 
l)f the fame Date, and my Anfwer to it of the 
1 8th i with one from him of the fame D^te, which 
I thought proper to add, to ihew we have pre- 
ferved a civil Correfpondence, agreeable to his Ma- 
jelly's Inftruftions, though we have happen*d fo 
widely to differ in our Sentiments on the Execution 
of them. And not to tire your Grace, I 'fhall 
ChOofe to'ftop from giving you any further Copies 
IDf our Letters, as judging thefewill be fufficient for 
'exj)Iaining our different jScntiments, for the prefent. 


1 87 ] 

The Augufia came in with three Tranfports from 
Port Roy m thQ 1 8 th, and in them aReeruit of two 
hundred and fifty- fix Men for the Army; and as 
Ihe is a clean Ship, I difpatch her to Sea, tq try if 
we cannot dcftroy the Spanijh Privateers that cruize 
on our'Traxle from the Northern Colonies, from 
Port Franfois, where they fit put to cruize on us j 
no vej-y friendly ^6t o^ our Neighbours to 
permit them to do lb ! ; '-^ M.>>;>i4u3 i^jnic^d :i:i-VA 

And Lieatenant Hodgpm^iWm^ beeA difpatchM 
hjthef* in the Augufta^ with Letters for the Ge- 
neral iirid ^'ijne, from his Excellency Governor Trt- 
/^Z;^_y ; I thought it neceffary to fend your Grace 
inclofed (as I have done) a Copy of Governor 
*l!relawnefi\JtXXtr to- me, of the 27th oijulyy 
together with a Copy of my Letter to General 
Wentwotth (on fending him inclofed my Letter 
from Governor l^relu'voney -y) General Wentworth*s. 
Anfwer to that Letter, of the 2 2d of Augujl ; and 
my Reply to him of the 23^d oi Auguft^ after ha- 
ying advis*d with Sir Chahner Ogle upon it.' 

I have thrown up a little Fort, with a wet Ditch 
about it, and fix*d fome of our Patereroes in it, 
for covering our Boats in their watering, at the 
River r water my Ships from ; and have open'd 
Views thro* all the Woods about it. And I am 
now going to cut Timber for Platforms for a 
Fafcine Battery, that I have projeded for defend- 
ing the Entrance of the Harbour, finding we can 
have no Supply of Stores from the Army Ordnance 
Stores ; and by the Help of Lieut. Innes^ one 0^ 
our Sea Engineers, all is projefted for it. But I 
Ihall delay Execution (further than preparing Ma- 
terials ;) as judging, if Advices fhould arrive of a 
French War, I fhould be of Opinion for moving 
that Way without a Moment*s Lofs of Time * 
which we are admirably well polled for. 

M 2 By 

[ 88 ] 

By a Tempeft of Thunder and Lightning, finde 
our being here, the Prince of Orange (one of my 
feventy-gun Ships) had her Fore-top-maft cut in 
two, and her Fore-maft fo Ihiver'd as to be unfer- 
viceable : But we have patch'd her up, for the 
prefent, with Jury Mafts, and, I thank God, have 
met with no other Accident here ; and this Augufi 
Moon being ended, I think we are paft the mdil 
dangerous Part of the Scafon for Hurricanes. 

I make no Doubt but even our remaining here 
puts the Enemy to great Expences, as probably 
they are drawing Troops from the Havanna to 
St. Jago^ which we are not much above the Tythe 
of the Diflance from that they are ; and it may 
even prove an Obftrudtion to Don Rodrigo de 
Torres* s leaving the Ha<vanna for Europe., if he 
fhould have had any fuch Orders : And if he 
thinks proper to come here, he Ihall be heartily 
Welcome, as I think myfelf well pofted to re- 
ceive him. 

General Wentworth., I doubt not, has acquainted 
your Grace with the Purport of his Letters to the 
Governors of the Northern Colonies, which he has 
not communicated to me : But as I gave him 
early Notice to be preparing his Difpatches, I am 
perfwaded you will have al! Particulars from him. 

As I judg*d it for his Majefty's Service to fend 
your Grace frequent Accounts of our Situation, in 
the prefent Conjun<5lure, I determin'd, on closing 
my Letter with this Month of jiugufi., to forward 
them to your Grace by one of my Firefhips, Capt. 
Boyce^ and to fend, with this, the Duplicate of 
my laft Letter to your Grace of the 29th of July 
. from this Harbour. 

The Convoy is to fail from hence with the 
cjear'd Tranfports, for our Supplies of Proviflons 


, [ 89 ] 

fcomjamaka, on the ift or 2d of September ^ as 

they Ihall be ready. 

And wifhing thefe Accounts a Ipeedy Arrival 

to your Grace's Hands, and that I may foon have 

the Pleafure of hearing from you, as the beft 

puidance fof our future Condud: j I am, 

*^^^:,', ,^. ^:^y My Lord Duke, 

Voyntf in Gtniherland Xour Grace* S ffioft 
^^n^ahh^f] Z)n;e^/^^, and mofi 
on the South Side of Ohsdient, Humble Servant, 

Cuba, 4ug. JO, 1 74 1 . E. _ Yl 

To his Grace the Duke of ^ ***** *, 
My Lord Duke, 

SINCE clofmg my Letter to your Grace of the 
30th o^Auguft^ the Tilbury, one of my Cruizers 
on the South Side oi Hifpaniola, having met the 
Convoy coming with our Storefhip and Viduallers, 
has brought a Part of them in here, purfuant to 
my Orders. By which Occafion I have the Favour 
of your Grace's Letter of the 24th of May, from 
Claremont ; and am extremely obhg'd to your 
Grace, and all my Lords Juftices, for the obliging 
J^oticc they h^ve taken of my Endeavours faith- 
fully and diligently to difcharge my Duty to hit 
Majefly, to the beft of my Ability. And 1 beg 
you to aflure their Excellencies, I fliall, on all Oct 
cafions, ftudy to deferve tlie very favourable Opinion 
they have conceived of me , tho', I am very fcn- 
fiblc, I am more indebted for that to their Ex- 
cellencies favourable Acceptance of my Service, 
than to my own Abihties. 

I am greatly a Debtor to your Grace's favourable 
Opinion, of my being beft enabled to fcrve his 
Majefty in thefe Seas. But were my Abilities as 
great as your Grace's Friendfhip for me inclines 


{ 9 } , 

you to Imagine t^ein, vain muft be all my At- 
tempts, if unequally yoked to fuch as are to con- 
tribute to the Execution of them. 

The mapy Lettqrs I feve formerly, and now 
^hink ipyfejf QUig*d to tranfmit to your Grace, 
will fully explain this to you : And I aflure.your 
Grace, no Man in Britain, tho' not acquainted 
with Lord Cathcart but in his general Charadlc^ 
more fincerely mourns the JLcSTs his Majefty's Ser- 
vice had in him. For tho' I believe my Collegue 
may be an honefl:, well-meaning Gentleman, no- 
thing has appear*d to me, to fet him in the Light 
of an experienc'd General. And all his Counfellors 
have appear'd .to me to be actuated by fuch general 
Principles, as ferve to manifeft to me their Diipo- 
fition to returning home, and fearing to furpil^i 
Occafions for their longer Refidence here, to be i 
governing Principle with them. 

Sir Charles Wager having honour'd rne with two 
private Letters, in which I found my ielf happily 
4n the fame Sentiments with him, I confqlted Sir 
Chaloner Ogle upon them, wjiofe Sentiments and 
jfnine have happily concurr'd in every Thing : And 
for a laft Effort, I fend your Grace a Copy of the 
joint Letter, which we thought it for his Majefty's 
Service to write to Mr. Wentworth, the 31ft of 
Anguft, when I fent him Sir Charles Wage f& Let- 
ters to perufe, by Capt. Watfon (my Captain;) who 
brought his Thanks in return for that Civility. 
And I flatter myfelf Sir Charles will be fo good as 
to excufe it, from a Perfwafion that his Majefty's 
Service was my only Motive in it. 

Now I have open*d to your Grace what lies 
Jieavieft on my Mind, I muil add, I am under a 
Promife to the beft of Wives, to return to her 
as foon as I could ; and the Hurry I left England 
in, your Grace may eafily imagine, ipakes my 


Return neceltary for my private Affiurs ; befidei 
the realbnable Hopes I might entertain, of having 
a Relief from the labouring Oar, as we fay at Sea:. 
But when I have laid this before your Grace* t 
juftify my R&queft for being reliev*d, I beg Leave 
to add, that the Service of his Majefly and rhy 
Country, will, I hope (as they always ought) be 
the reigning Principles in my Breaft : And re- 
ferring the above Confideratibns to my Lords Juf- 
tices Prudence, they will always find in me a wiiw 
ling Mind, to conform to whatever theyjudge moft 
for his Majefly's Honour and Service. 

To manifeft hbw frivolous their Pretences of 
Defiles and Ambufcades have been, I am glad I 
can acquaint your Grace, before I clofe this Letter, 
that Capt. Burward of fFblfe's Grenadiers, that Was 
fent out with a Party only of one hundred Soldiers 
and fifty Blacks, advanced again to the Houfes 
they deferted at Guantanamo ; when the Spanijh 
Guard there all fled before them, left their Papers 
Tupon the Table, and forty Cattle jJenn'd ; ahd h6 
brought in with him feven Horfes atcouti^ed, an4 
fome of the Calves, as they could not drive th6 
reft. So I hope they will be encouraged to heart^ 
Grace, and return to fecure that Ppli at feaft, iii 
an open Country, wnere they olnnot be furpri^'d, 
their Numbef-s, with the Blacks, beitlg above fouir 
thoufand and three hundred Men. 
^ I have difpatch'd the Convoy to Jamaica t6 
bring a Supply of Provifions to the Army, and 
have fecur'd a Part of the Viduallers from En^dnk 
here, to prevent the Danger of wanting any from 
a Delay in their Return. And as foon as I havfe 
difpatch*d my Letters away for yoiir Gradr, b|^ 
Capt. Boyce^ in the JEtna Firefhip (Capt. Barnard 
not returning in Time) I will flip out to recon- 
jiojtre the Entrance into tlie HarboUt of St. Jap> 



myfelf, in the Orford^ Capt. Mayne ; buf Hiall Icare 
my Flag flying here, and the Squadron under Sir 
Chaloner Ogle's Command, in my Abfence. I am. 

Soy.,, in Cumberland -^ ^^^^ ^^^> 

Harbour (formerly Tour Grace's moft 

call'd Walthenam) "Devoted, and moji 

on the South Side of Obedient, Humble Servant, 

Cuba,Sept.z,i-j^\. ^ ^ 

P. S. Lieut. Rich is gone home in the Primefs 
Amelia, at his own Requeft. 

1^0 General Wentworth. 

Y OURS of the I ft Inftant (owning the Re- 
* ceipt of mine of the 30th of Augufi, and of a 
joint Letter from Sir Chaloner Ogle and me, of the 
31ft of Augufi) was brought to my Hands laft 
Night ; and having communicated it to Sir Chaloner 
this Morning, and advis'd with him upon it ; 

We heartily congratulate you on the Succefs bf 
Capt. Burward, with his Party fent to Guantanamo, 
And as you fee, tiio' fo long after that Poft being 
deferted, he met neither Ambufcades nor Enemies, 
to take Advantage from any Defiles, we hope you 
will not think them well founded Objeftions ; and 
that you will think that Poft ought to be regain'd 
and maintain'd, and the Village too, with fuch due 
Care and Precaution as your Experience leads you 
to judge necelTary ; for this very good Reafon, in 
our Apprehenfion, that your maintaining yourfelves 
at theVillage, is cutting off all the Communication, 
at once, between St. J ago and Baraccoa, and, in our 
Apprehenfions, fccuring us the PolTeflion of the 
whole Eaft End of the Ifland. And this feems to 
us to be the more neceflary, as you fay their Let- 


ters mention the Reinforcement they are fending 
frem the Havanna, being intended to be feot firft 
by PerioFoes to Barraccoa. We arc, 

Qtmberland Harbour, XouT moft Ohedietity 

Seft.i,\T\i. Humble Servants, 

E. Vernon, 


2*<? $ Ch A L O N E R Og L E. 

TH O* the Reports made to us by feveral ex- 
perienced Officers, fully convinced us both, 
of the Impradlicubility of forcing a Paflage into a 
Harbour of fo narrow an Entrance as St. J^go, 
unlefs the Batteries lying above the Morro Caftle 
had been firft furpriz'd and taken ; 

Which, I apprehend, would have been an eafy 
Matter, if the Attempt had by Mr. Wentworth and 
his Council been thought proper to be undertaken 
on our firft Arrival here, as I fhall always think^it 
ought to have been : 

Yet, under a Concern for having fo little done 
where nothing has appear*d to oppofe the Progrefs 
of fo large a Force as has been landed here, I have 
determin*d, on this my firft Leifure for it, to go 
myfelf to view the Entrance into the faid Har- 
bour i that, from my own Obfervations, I may be 
the better enabled to inform our Royal Maftcr in 
all Particulars. 

And yoy are hereby required and dire(5ted, to 
take upon you the Charge and Command of all 
his Majefty*s Ships in this Harbour, during my 
Abfence, and until my Return, which fhall be with 
sdl pofTible Expedition. 

N And 


And as by our laft Advices it feems moft pro- 
bable, our Orders may be for Eftablifhing ourfelves 
on this Ifland, and pufhing on the Succefs of his 
Majefty's Arms with the utmoft Vigour ; 

You will give all the neceflary Orders, for fup- 
plying Capt. Rentone with the Sawyers and Car- 
penters he may ftand in Need of, for preparing 
the Timber for the Batteries on the projedbed 
Works on the Point, for defending the Entrance 
of the Harbour : And alfo for fupplying Lieut. 
Innes with fuch a Number of proper Workmen as 
can be found in our Ships, for the cutting and 
preparing Picquets and Falcines for the faid Work : 
Giving the flridlefl Orders for the Prefervation of 
the Men's Healths, that no Work be carried on of 
any Kind when there is no Breeze, and that only 
fuch a moderate Number of Hands be employ'd at 
a Time, as can be lodg*d and ihelter'd in the two 
Houfcs ereded for that Purpofej that Sicknefs 
may not be introduced amongft our Men through 
Want of a due Care of them. 

And for the Encouragement of thofe employ'd, 
let them know, a moderate Allowance will be paid 
them for their Labour , which, when exercis'd 
with Prudence, is found rather contributing to 
their Health than otherwife. 

In all other Events that may happen, you will 
govern yourfelf by your approved Experience, to 
the befl of your Judgement, for his Majefty's 
Service. For, i^c. ^ 

Given on board the Boyne, \ in Cumberland Har- 
bour (formerly call'd Walthmam) on the South 
SideofC^, this 3d of iS^^/^w^^r, 1741. 



sr<? General Wentworth. 

I Received yours of the 2ifl: of Septemher, this 
Morning \ in which you acknowledge the Re- 
ceipt of the joint Letter from me and Sir Chalonet 
Ogkj of the 3d of September. 

I find. Sir, you take fome Exception to an Ex* 
preffion there, of deferting a Poft, as having a dif- 
ferent Senfe from leaving a Poji : But I believe you 
will agree they both mean the fame Thing, that 
the Poft is leff^ or abandon* d^ which I Ihall always 
think might have been maintain'd. And had the 
Poft at the Village been fo too, as that is, by all Ac- 
counts, the only Village there is in the Road between 
St. J ago and Barraccoa, it is reafonable to think 
you would thereby have cut off the Communication 
between St. Jago and Barraccoa^ and, of Courfe, 
been Mafters of this Eaftern End of the Ifland, 
and had, at leaft, the plentiful Plains of GuantanamOy 
to haye furnifliM Cattle for fupplying your Army 
with frefti Provifions. And beyond the faid Vil- 
lage, there are faid to lie the much more extenfivs 
Savannas of Santa Catalina, full of Black Cattle, 
and where they milk tlieir Cows and makeCheefe, 
I confefs the abandoning Guantanamo gave me 
great Uneafinefs ; but it was only from a juft Con- 
cern for the Honour of our Royal Mafter*s Service. 

And I do think, if Col. C -n had no Orders 

for abandoning that Poft, that he will be hardly 
able to juftify that Condud to have been for. iiis 
Majefty*s Honour and Service. I' ,.-l^^^'v 

I have put your Spanijh Letters into the Hands 
of my Tranflator, to fee what can l^e learnt ih)m 
them Material. .,: - ."' 

I cannot think of appointing any Convoy, fof 
any Part of tlie Negroes being fent back to Ja- 
maica^ till, previoufly, a Council of War may have 
N 2 i"dg*d 


iudg'd it for his Majefty's Service that it fliould 
be fo. 

But whenever you and Brigadier Blakeney defire 
a Council of War to be held, for confidering of 
Governor Trelawney^s Propofal, for detaching an 
hundred Americans to Rjitan Ifland, it Ihall be held 
when and where you may defire , as I know Sir 
Chaloner Ogle will be willing to oblige you, in 
meeting on board the Firelhip in the River, which 
he thinks he can venture to do. 

I beg the Favour of you, Sir, there may be no 
Communication between us for the future by Mef- 
fage, bat by Letter ; which will be the belt Record 
of what palils between us : But if, by any Hurry, 
an Aid de Camp fhould come with a Meflage, I 
am determin'd, for the future, he fhali put that 
Meflage in Writing, and fign his Name to it : 
And I will return my Anfwer, in like Manner, in 
Writing. I am, 

S I Ry 

Boyne, in CumberlandHzxhonr, ToUV moji Obedient^ 

September zzy 1 741. Humhk Servant, 
E. V. 

To General Wentworth. 

I Received a Letter from you without Date laft 
Night, acquainting me, that you and Brigadier 
Blakeney would be on board the Firefhip by Eight 
o* Clock to-morrow Morning, for taking into Con- 
fideration the Propofal made by his Excellency Go- 
vernor Trelawney, for fending an hundred Americans 
to Ratan Ifland. 

Sir Chaloner Ogle and I will not fail of being 

there to meet you, to take the fame into mature 

Confideration in a regular Confultation ; though 

you are very well informed of our Opinions con- 

iiL'o'J* ' - curring 

[ 97 ] 

curring with Governor Tre!awney*s already : And we 
fhall be ready to take into Confideration any other 
Matter that you judge it for his Majefty's Service 
to have our Opinions on. .. j. 

As to your inclofed Memorial from Captain 
Pepper, I have to acquaint you, that in the Re- 
doubt I had raifed for fecuring our Boats in the 
Watering our Ships at the River, I ordered Capt, 
Rentone^ who commanded in the upper Part of the 
Harbour, to put, a fmall Garrifon in it of a Serjeant 
and twelve Men, and four Seamen capable of playing 
and managing the four Patereroes I had mounted on 
it J who have a very good Houfe in the Middle of 
this little Redoubt, that is flirrounded with a wet 
Ditch. And I had ordered Capt. Rentone to have the 
Serjeant and twelve Men relieved every twenty-four 
Hours : But on his acquamting me that they ra- 
ther chofe to continue there, as liking better to be 
there than aboard a Ship, I told him, when that 
was the Cafe, he might oblige them in it. And 
Capt. Pepper, whom I have accidentally met with 
at different Times, never mention'd to me any 
Ground of Complaint that he thought he had 5 
which, I believe. Sir, you will allow, he ought 
firft to have done. In the Day Time there is no 
Duty expelled from them, and one Gentry is fuf- 
ficient at a Time on Duty in the Night, to keep 
a Look-out that they be not furprized , and ha- 
ving long been aitting Timber for the Platforms 
of the Fafcine Batteries that I am ereding for the 
Defence of this Harbour, the Redoubt has now a 
fine, open, clear Air all round it. And now I 
have Hated thefe Fafts to you. Sir, I cannot doubt 
but you will think Captain Pepper*s Memorial as 
irregular, idle, and trifling, as I do. I am, 


(formerly called H^althe- ^ OUrmJiObcdtcnt, 

nam) on the South Side Humble Servant, 

oi Cuba, Sept. z\y >74'- 1^- ^' 

. [98] 

To General "Wentworth. 

AS there is now^ Month paft fince our fending 
our laft Letters for England^ 2in6. as I am per- -^ 
fwaded of the Impatience they will be under of 
hearing frequently froni us in our prefent Situation ; 
^"1 am preparing, at all Events, for fending one 
df my unlheath'd Fifeihips home, with our Let- 
ters to them, the Beginning of next Week i and 
defire you will be pleafed to get your Letters in a 
readinefs to go by her. 

I likewife fend you inclofed a Copy of the Re- 
folution of our lafl Council of War, held on board 
the Vefuvius Firefhip : And arri, 

^oyne, in Cumberland Harbour, o 1 K^ 

(formerly called Walthenam) Tour mofi Obedient^ 

on the South 8ide of Cuba, Humble Servant, 

OSiober 1, 1741. E V. 

P. S. Two of the Six-pounder Carriages, with 
the long Shafts belonging to them, that had drove 
quite out of your River, arid afterwards on Shore 
on the Weftef n Side of the Hdrbour, having been 
difcover'd by an Officer of the Tilbury, Boats were 
fent for them, and ^hey are now on board the Til- 
bury, ready to be delivered to whom you fhall be 
pleafed to dired. E. K 

To General WentWorth. 

I Have receivM yours of yefVerday ; and in regard 
to the Iri^ defcrting from the American Regi- 
ment, I believe. Sir, you may remember, I long 
fmce alTured you, all that you fufpefted fhould be 
received on board of his Majefly*s Ships whenever 
you fent them to mc -, which may ferve to re-place 
the Men on board the Jugujia^ that you mention'd 

I 99]- 

to me after flie was failed; and which I intend 
fending to you on her Return from her Cruize^ 
which will be out the iQth Inftant* . -^ 

And I muft mention to you one Circumftance ; 
that one of the Men fent on board Captain Rentone 
on fufpicion of defigning to^ desert,; l^jd it was that 
he might not appear as an Evidence againft an Of- 
ficer for defrauding his Men of their Money \ for 
if any fuch Difcontents are given* l^hat may ocpifion 
Pefertioh too. . -. . . ii .u-H : i: .ij i'.' ir;!;r> 
I will fen4 to Captain ^^fr/^'t<j be t^xs&A'm 
what you defire, of permitting none of the Sat- 
ling S16ops to pafs him without your Permiffion; 
though I am perfwaded he would carefully have 
obfcrved it, from. the general Orders he has from 
me already. 

I was at the Redoubt at the other River yefterday 
in the Afternoon, to fee how our Workmen go 
on there, in preparing Timber for the Batteries I 
am erefting, for defending the Entrance into the 
Harbour , which, I can now perfonally afllire you,' 
is very open and airy all round it. And judging 
that Side qI the River where the Fort is, to be an 
ililand formed by two Branches of the River, I 
have for % long Time had fome of my Officers and 
Men at work in clearing from both Mouths ot 
the River upwards, to come ajt the mj^in Branch, 
where they feparate to make it an IQand ; which 
\ve have not yet beqn able to effed. jln which they 
have palTed Orange Groves, that jn^ke -me judge 
thofe Parts to have been fettled formerly, though 
now deferted;i and left to run into a State of Na- 
ture again. ^ . ..:^A 
And I was informed by Captain /?^/^?f, t-hat 
one of the rambling Americans met a few Plantane 
Trees in his Ramble, and had three Branches of 
(hem with him j but never heard of any Appear- 

anceof aPlaritltlon, which he would not have fallecf 
mentioning to me, if he had thought there had 
been one. And the Mailer of this Ship, who is 
at work in clearing up the Rivers, has my Orders, 
to give me an Account, whenever he meets with 
any Thing like a Path leading to the Rivers. 

The Boyne and Grafton lie very near each other, 
and the Spanijh Boy Izquerda^ my Pnfoner, will be 
equally at your Call, and ready for your Service, in 
either of them : But if you are more particularly 
defirous he fhould be on board the Grafton than 
the Boyne, I have no Objedlion to it. I am, 


Boyne, in Cumberland Hzxhovx, Tour ntoji Obedient^ 

Cuba.oaoberz, i-i^x. Humbk Servant, 

E. V. 

to General Went wo r t h. 

I Have receiv*d yours of the 3d ; and the Princefs 
Lout fa is come down this Morning, and fhall 
fail for Jamaica on Ttiefday, with the Tranfport un- 
der her Convoy, with the Invalid Blacks for Ja- 
maica. And I have wrote to Captain Davers to 
difpatch the faid Tranfport back to you with all 
poflible Expedition, under Convoy of the Brifiol^ 
as foon as Mr. Trelawney fliall have got the one 
hundred Independents ready to come hither by 
her i and I prefume you have wrote to him to 
hailen it all he can. 

And as I intend difpatching Captain Barnard to 
England, with our Difpatches, on Wednefday, I defire 
you will fend your Letters to go by her, down to 
him on Wednefday Morning, at fartheft. 

I have no Objedion to your exchanging three 
Aiifericans for the three Marines on board Captain 

^ Cottrell^ 

t 101 ] 

X^oUerellf who fliall havemyOrd^s,tocomp5y,ivi|i 
it, as you defke. \ ^. Vj;^ v.. ;' -: : ''.,;[ I 

The Men orderM on board the Jugujia -wtT^ 
order*d there by Capt. Davers, to enable him tp 
get his Ship, being a dean Cruizer, in Condition 
for keeping the Sea ; and was put to Sea from 
hence before your making any Application for 
them ; but when fhe comes in, you will have them. 
I know of no Offence committed by the Captain 
of the Augufta in it ; and his Majefty's Service has 
not yet fufFer*d thro' your Want of them, as no 
Enemy have yet ever made "their Appearance to 
moleft you. T 

And I have fcnt the Spanijh Boy, Izquerda, oh 
board the Grafton, where there are no other Spanijh 
Pf ifoners, as you defire. I am, 

nam) on the South Side HumbLe Uruanty ; ; 

KiiCuhay OJI. 4, 1 74 1. E. y. 

To General Wentworth. 

JUST at Sun fetting I received yours of the 3d; 
and fhall fend the inclofed to Captain Cotierdl, 
who can befl give an Account what Truth there 
may be iii it ^ and he has my Orders already for re- ' 
ceiving three able Americans, for the three Marines. 
And if there be but a like Number of able Men 
fent, with a proper Officer to command them, I 
fhall have no Objedion to the Exchange, whether 
the Complaint be real or imaginary. 

I have got the Convoy with the returned Blacks 
to Sea to-day, for Jamaica. 

My Difpatchcs will be made up to-night for 
England^ and the Fircfhip is to fail to-morrow -, fo 

O pray 

[ 102 ] 

pray don't fail to let your Letters be down here 
to-morrov/ Morning. 

I hear the Men that want to come to you are 

Jrijh 5 do not they want to come in order to 

defert ? I am, 

Boyne, Cuia, YouT mofi Obedient, 

O^h-^ny- Humble Servant, 

E. V. 

fto his Grace theDukeof N * * * * . 

My Lord Duke, 
Ty/I Y laft to your Grace were of the 30th of 
*^^ Augufi and 2d of September, from this Har- 
bour -, Duplicates of which will accompany this. 

On having difpatched the Convoy to Jamaica, 
as well as my Letters to your Grace, I put to Sea 
in the Orford, to reconnoitre the Entrance into the 
Harbour of St. Jago (as I mention'd my Intention 
of doing) on that firil Leifure for it. I had with 
me there the Deptford, that was cruizing off there ; 
the Montague I carried out with me, and my Sloop 
Tender, which, on my coming off there, I fent 
nearer in, with a Letter from me to the Governor 
of St. J ago of the 3d of September, for the Sloop 
to fend afhore to the Morro Caftle by his Boat 
with a Flag of Truce ; a Copy of which Letter I 
fend your Grace inclofed. And you will obferve 
by it, that one View, befides a nearer Inlpedion, 
was to have procured the Releafe of Capt. Wyllis^ 
by whom I hoped to have learnt fome mrther In- 
telligence of their prefent Situation. I had Capt. 
Durell in the Sloop, befides one of my Lieutenants, 
for making the beft Obfervations they could, and 
for Captain DureWs Iketching out a Draught of it. 
So that We had a fair Opportunity of making our 
v...'u-vi L^i 01 V. ^-^1. ,i Qbjervations; 
' *-^ 

[ 103 ] 

Obfervations ; and we had carefully done the fame 
on the Coaft down thither, the two Harbours 
Mouths being but twelve Leagues afunder, upon j^ 
W. S. W. T S. Courfe ; upon the unanimous Re- 
ports of all my Officers, that the attacking St. J ago 
by Sea is impraflicable. . 

The Harbour's Mouth of St. J ago lies in a deep 
Bite, the Land to the Weftward of the Morro 
Caftle trending far out to the Southward, I judge 
about S.W. b S. which occafions much more Sea 
in that Bite, than in the open Channel without it. 
And I found, as it had been reported by others, 
that tho* you have a frefh Sea Breeze in the Offing, 
yet when you come within four or five Miles of 
the Land, the Wind begins to die away, and the 
Swell throws you wholly on upon the Lee Shore, 
to the Weftward of the Harbour. And as it is all 
an Iron Shore, and no Anchorage off it, no Ship 
dares approach too near, without being fecure of 
a leading Gale to lay it off again. And my Sloop, 
who had brought the Morro Caftle N. b E. found 
herfelf under that Apprehenfion j and they were 
obliged to get to their Oars, and found it a hard 
Talk, in three Hours rowing againft the Swell, to 
gain one Half-Mile, for getting into the Sea Breeze 
again. So that it is not a fafe Harbour for even 
a friendly Ship to frequent, and Experience ftiews 
they have never frequented it much. And, as I 
apprehend, they muft run in clofe to the Shore to 
windward of the Harbour's Mouth, and fo drive 
down clofe under the Morro Caftle, and drop an 
Anchor there, and then warp in. 

I had the fame Bearings of the Morro Caftle as 
the Sloop, about five Miles off; but the Wind 
failing, I did not dare to venture nearer, for fear 
of not clearing the \jtt Shore : And that was not 
far enough to Leeward to open the Eftrella Battery, 

O 2 that 

[ 104 ] 

that lies on the Eaftern Side, jufl: above the Morra 
Caftle ; fo that I could not, in that Bearing, even 
fes the Entrance of the Harbour open ; which 
mufV, by the high Lands on each Side appearing 
fo near each other, be exceeding narrow. And, 
to be lure, you mull make good a N.N.E. Courfe^ 
or more Eaftcrly, to lleer in with the Channel ; 
and as a conllant Swell fets ftrong to Leeward, 
muft lie up much more Eafterly, tor making that 
Courfe good. Had it appeared to me a practicable 
Scheme in any light, vexed with a Condudl that 
appeared to me unaccountable in the Genera], I 
believe I Ihould have been as fool-hardy a? any one 
could have wilhed me : But I could not relolve to 
throw his Majelly's Ships away againll the Rocks, 
without the leaft Appearance of Succefs. ' 

The bad Weather coming on foon after, drove 

^. me, in the Orford, up as high as Point a Bacoe, 
^n the SoiKh Side oi Hifpaniola. And there I fell 
in with a Brijiol Ship and Schooner, , bound home 
from Jamaica^ that told me a Piece of very agree- 
able News, of the Weymouth and Jerfey being fafely 
arriv'd in Port Royal Harbour, as alfo the Ludlow- 
Cafile, that I had detach'd from hence with her 
Convoy of Tranfports, fent for our Supplies of 
Provilions and Stores. And he inform'd me like- 
wife, that the former had chafed a Sloop alhore to 
Leeward of the Havanna, that was bound from the 
Havanna to Porta Belh ; and by the Letters they 
found on board of her, had learnt, that Don Rodrigo 

^de Torres*s Ship, (the Spanijh Admiral) was fet on 
Fire by Lightning, and had blown up afterwards 
in that Harbour. And I have had fince the fame 
Advices brought me from Leogane by Capt. Hervey^ 
whom I found here on my getting back into this 
Harbour (on the 17th at Night) after great Variety 
of bad Weather, but, I thank God, without any 

[ iS ] 

ill Accident to the Ship I was in. But the Deptford^ 
whom I had met at Sea the Day beforc,came in the 
Day after me, by my Orders, he having acquainted 
me his Ship was become very leaky ; and, on a 
Survey, I have been oblig'd to fend her to Jamaica^ 
for careening to repair her Damages ; and, fof want 
of better Conveniencies, am oblig'd to diredt two 
fixty-gun Ships to careen by one another ; a bad 
Shift being better than -none at all, in Caies^ of 
Neceflity. - -.-/rri 

And as many of our Ships are become ^o crazy^ 
I muft beg Leave to remind your Grace, there is 
an abfolute Neceflity that the crazy Ships and un- 
iheath*d ones fhould be order*d home, before they 
arc quite ruin*d by a too long Delay, and by our 
being in an Incapacity here to give them the ne- 
cefTary Repairs. 

I fend your Grace inclofed. Copies of the Go- 
vernor of St. Jago*s Anfwer to my Letter of the 
"19th oi September, N. S. and of my Reply to it of 
the 2 ift of September, fent him by the Chefier, gone 
to cruize off his Port. By which you will fee, I have 
gratified him in his earned Requeft of fending him 
Capt. Perez , who being one that has been ufed tp 
trade with the Englijh, I hope to fee him here again 
fobn, as a Volunteer for that Purpole. And I have 
direded him to affure the Hunters, that whatever 
Cattle they bring in t fell us, they fhall be furc 
of honourable Treatment, and being well paid for 
them ; it being what we Hand much in Need of, 
to check the Scurvy, that makes great Ravages 
amongft our Men at prefent. But we have hutce4 
our fick Men, and take all poffible Care of them, 
and do furnifh them with frcfh Fifh and Mountain 
Cabbage, which is fome Relief to them. 

I fend your Grace likewife inclofed, a Copy of 
the Letter I had by Captain liervey, on my Re- 

[ 166 ] 

turn, from the Marquis de Larnage, of the I2th 
of September, N. S. 

And the next Letters I muft trouble your Grace 
with Copies of, are, two from General IVentwortb 
to me, of the 21ft and 23d of September, and my 
Anfwers to them, of the 2 2d and 24th of the 
fame Month. 

On the 25th we met at a Council of War, on 
board the Vefuvius Firefliip, in the River Augujia ; 
and after mature Deliberation, came to an unani- 
mous Refolution to comply with Governor 'Tre- 
iawney's Rcqueft, of fending one hundred Ameri- 
cans to Raian Ifland, With fix Months Provifions. 
But Mr. Wentwortb defiring to have other Things 
taken into Confideration before we drew up ouf 
Refolutions in form, which I thought ought to 
be previoufly confider'd of in a Council of War of 
Land Officers, he acquiefced in it, and we ad- 
jburn'd our final Determinations to a future Meet- 
ing on I'uefday the 29th of September. 

\ am in fome Pain for the Sheernefs, a clean 
Ship, that fhould have join'd rne long before 
now, from "Porf Antonio ; and am not without Fears 
<!)f what may have happened at Jamaica, the Wea- 
ther having a very bad Afpeft towards Jamaica, 
when I was off Cape Tiber on, about the 14 th of 
September ; which makes me impatiently long to 
hear from them. 

Having got the Spanijh Papers trandated, which 
Mr. Wentworth fent me, that were taken by Capt. 
Burrard in his late Excurfion to Guantanamo, I fend 
your Grace inclofcd a Copy of them. And by the 
Return of a Party commanded by Captain fVebb^ 
that came from Guantanamo the 25 th of September 
in the Morning, it appears they arrived there with- 
out meeting any Ambufhes in their Way thither ; 
but law a Spanijb Guard a little beyond it, who ran 


[ 107 ] 

away upon their firft Appearance. Thefe Letters, 
in my Apprehcnfion, manifcft, that if Matters had 
been vigoroufly pufhed on at our firft Arrival, we 
fiiould not have failed of all the Succefs we could 
have defired ; and that even our very Continuance 
here, has very much harrafTed them, and put thein 
to very confiderable Expences. O 

On the 29th we met according to our Adjourn- 
ment, and Mr. Wentworib delivered me a Copy of 
the Refolution of their Council of War of the 26th 
of Sept ember y which I fend your Grace inclofcd a 
Copy of. And it having been read to us, we had 
our former Refolutions, and what was judged 
proper to be added, drawn up in form ; and I lend 
your Grace inclofed, a Copy of the Refolution of 
Dur faid Council of War of the 29th of September, 
At our firft meeting on the 25th, Mr. fVent- 
worth fuggefting, that the Sicknefs was daily in- 
creafing amongft his Forces, and that, if they 
ihould be much more diminifhed by Sicknefs, the3fr 
ihould not even be able to maintain themfelves in 
their prefent Encampment ; I hinted to him, that 
as Sir Charles fVagei^s Letter had mention'd there 
were Thoughts of fending a Reinforcement of two 
thoufand Men, and as we might daily expert to 
hear from England^ I was perfwaded he would not 
think it proper to entertain any fuch Thoughts till 
we received our next Advices from England. And 
I fuggefled to him, that, whenever either the Ad- 
vice of a French War, or any other Reafon, might 
make it necefTary to embark the Forces, it would 
be advifeable to have a good Communication cut 
on the Camp Side of the River, from the Camp to 
where the Bomb-Ketch lies, for covering the Boats, 
whenever it fhould be judged neceflary to re-em- 
bark the Cannon and Baggage i and that being 
done, the Forces muft march from the Camp to 


t 'o8 ] ' 

the Bomb-Ketch, for their being fafcly re-embark*d 
there under the Command of the Cannon from the 
FlotUla and Tranlports. He faid Mr. Blakeney had 
already advifcd that : And I anfwcred, that I was 
very glad to find, what I had recommended to 
him, had the Approbation of fo experienced an 
Officer as Mr. Blakeney. And at our meeting on 
the 29th he affur'd rfie, they had determined on 
opening the faid Communication. 

I took notice likewife at our firft Meeting, that 
the Copy of his Letter to the Governors of the 
Northern Colonies (that he had firft fent to me the 
2 2d of September) was not conformable to the Ad- 
vice given him by the Council of War of the 20th 
of July ; to which he anfwered, as he looked on 
that as Advice only, he had not judg'd that the 
Situation of our Affairs allow*d him to conform to 
it in all particulars. 

I fet out before Day on the 29th of September^ 
for making Mr. Wentworth a Vifit, and viewing 
his Camp with him, before our meeting at the 
Council of War. And the Ground being clear'd 
about it, I thought it both a very beautifijl and 
healthful Encampment j and an eafy Afcent to the 
Hills furrounding it, made it, in my Apprehenfion, 
very ftrong by Nature. And I viewed with him 
all the Entrenchments made on thofe Hills, for co-- 
vering his Camp to the Land Side, from whence 
his Cannon could fcour the Country round ; and 
he has the River for his Barrier on the other Side. 
And as no Enemy can approach him, without be- 
ing fubjeft to all the Inconveniencies that he ap- 
prehended to be a juft Reafon againft their advanc- 
ing into the, Country, there is the fame Reafon to 
think it ftiould be equally imprudent for the Ene- 
my to attempt to approach him \ and it is certain, 
Km Nji.-^-' --- ir%.-t: r-'^?-'^' ';,'-"'v''-~- not 

[ri09 ] 

not fo much as any of their Parties have thought 
proper to attempt it yet. 

And that your Grace may fee I have not been 
wanting in looking out for the frelheft Advices 
from you, I fend you inclofed a Copy of the Orders 
I have fent Captain Ckland to Sea with, which are 
conformabJe to the former Orders given to my 
Cruizers in that Station. 

Your Grace's laft Letter of the 24th oi May 
mentioning, that you hoped foon to have ah Op- 
portunity of writing to me more fully -, and Sir 
Charles Wager* s Letter mentioning, there were fome 
Thoughts offending a Reinforcement of two thou- 
fand Land Forces to thefe Parts ; and other Let- 
ters, to private Hands,, even mentioning that the 
Tranfports were taken up for thofe Forces ; arc to 
me very reafonable Inducements to think that we 
ought not to part with the good Footing we have 
here, till wc hear from your Grace, or have fome 
certain Intelligence that fuch an Intention is en- 
tirely laid afide. For were they to come foon, as 
the dry Seafon will be fetting in with the Norths 
in the latter End of this Month (which would be 
a healthful Seafon for European Conftitutions) I 
cannot think we can be better polled for beginning 
the Redufbion of this Ifland, than we are at pre- 
fent, nor have a better Seafon of the Year for it. 
But I think it eafily difcernible from what hai 
paiTed, that if no Reinforcements fpcedily arrive, 
or certain Accounts of their being coming, I ihall 
not be able to prevail with my Colleague to continue 
here much longer. 

Moll of his Majcfty's Ships, I have already in- 
formed your Grace, are in a very fhattered Condi- 
tion, by being kept pretty conllantly bulking in 
the Sea, without convenient Opportunities of giv- 
ing them the neceflary Repairs j fo that the crazy 

P Ships 

Ships, and the unfheath'd Ships, there will be an 
abfoiuteNeGeffity of fending home, fo as to have a 
Summer Paflage -, for the crazieft are too bad to 
bear a Winter Paflage, and the unfheath*d ones 
will be ruined if they are kept much longer here, 
and fome of them are now too leaky to be trufted 
in a Winter Paflage -, and all are ' fo reduced by 
Sicknefs, as not to have Men enough to carry them 
home, without the Afiifl:ance of the Land Forces. 
And fliould the American Regiment be fettled at 
Jamaica, or elfewhere, which I judge would be mofl: 
for his Majefl:y*s Service, the other Troops would 
be but barely fufficient to man his Majefl:y's Ships 
for carrying them fafe home, and there would be 
" no further need of Transports, but fuch as might 
be judged necefl^ary for accommodating the Offi- 
cers. And I defiie your Grace would have Orders 
fent, th/t the Forces to return may be ordered 
into the Men of War, to enable them to go home 
in a Condition of Defence. 

And as the greater Number of the Ships mull 
abfolutely go home in the Spring of the Year, I 
hope it will be judged no unreafonable Requeft, 
that I Ihould command them home, efpecially as 
his Majefty has here fo experienc'd an Officer as 
Sir Chaloner Ogle, who is well acquainted with thefe 
Seas, to take the Command of what are to remain. 

On the 3d of O^ober I had Advice, by a Sut- 
tling Sloop from Jamaica, that failed from thence 
the 23d of September, that the Ludlow-Cajile, with 
the Convoy of Tranfports from hence, was ar- 
riv'd fafe at Jamaica, and was to fail in a Week 
after him. 

And he brought an Account of the Shoreham 
having taken a Spani/kYtfCd with twenty thoufand 
Pieces of Eight, off Carthagena -, and that the 
Spanijh Admiral, Don Blafs de Lezoy was faid to 


[ III 1 

have died there. And he confirm*d the Weymouth's 
znd Jerfey^s fafe Return to Port Royal -, and faid 
they had a hard South dX Jamaica on the 14th of 
September, but had not fufFer'd much by it in their 
Shipping J but that they had fuffer'd at the Lee- 
ward IJlands, feveral Ships having been blown from 
thence in a fhatter*d Condition, to take Refuge at 
Jamaica : But having no Letters myfelf from any 
one in Jamaica by him, I cannot fend your Grace 
any further Particulars. But he having met the 
Chefter at Sea, cruizing off St. Jago, I fend your 
Grace inclofed a Copy of the Letter Capt. Lang fent 
me in by him, from the Governor of St. Jago, ia 
Anfwer to mine fent him with the Flag of Truce^ 
with the five Spanijh Prifoners. . , >'/; 

Judging your Grace would be impatient to hear 
from us frequently, fo as to be able to judge 
what was to be expefted, I thought it for his 
Majefly*s Service to fend one of my unfheath'd 
Firefhips, commanded by Capt. Barnard, to carry 
your Grace the certaineft State of Affairs I could 
fend you. And having given Mr. Wentworth 
previous Notice of my Intentions the Beginning of 
lafl Week, your Grace will have his Letters by 
the fame Occafion. I am, 

%,, in Cumberland ^ ^'^^ ^^^'r , 

Harbour (formerly Tour Grace's mojt 

call'd Walthenam) Devoted, and moft 

on the vSouth Side of Obedient y Humble Servant, 

Cuba,OJl.^, 1741. j7^ y^ 

P. .V. Capt. Davers difpatching up one of my 
Firefhips, which came in yellerday in the After- 
noon, I fend your Grace inclofed a Copy of the In-r 
telligence fent me by Capt. Knowles, extraded out 
of , Letters in the Spanijh Sloop be took } and 
I am forry my Cruizers under his Orders had the 
Misfortune to mifs the Rcgifter Ships> mention'd 
P ? to 

to be arrlv'd at La Vera Cniz ; but apprehend 
from this Account, they got there before the for- 
mer got to their Stations. 

By Letters to Capt. Davers from the Captain of 
the Augufia, I find, he has been very bufy in 
ferretting about the Spanijh Privateers from Port 
Francois ; but as they have that Refuge fo near, 
they have efcap'd in there, and probably are moft 
of them French on board : And I will, in my 
next to the Marquis de Larnage^ complain of this 
PartiaHty in their Favour. 

And I have the Pleafure to hear, the Sheernefs^ 
which I was in Pain for, got fafe to Port Royal 
Harbour, tho' much fhatter'd, and with Jury- 
Mails; and to hear we might foon expeft the 
Return of our Convoy here from Jamaica. 

I have fent likewife two Catalan Soldiers, that 
defcrted at Carthagena, one of which Mr. IVent- 
worth made Ufe of as a Guide at his Attack 
on St. Lazarus. I have order*d them Tickets for 
their Service while on board here, for fubfifling 
them when releas'd , but Captain Barnard has my 
Orders, not to fet them on Shore till he knows 
your Grace's Pleafure, whether you would have 
them fent up firfl, to have their Examinations. 

Oiiober 6, 1 741. E. K^ 

to General Wentworth. 
S I R, 

I Have fent you by Cdjpt. Broderick the Letter you 
fent me, from Serjeant Elder to Captain i/-^/, 
with Captain CottereWs Anfwer to it, annex*d ; by 
which you will fee, the Man himfelf owns all he 
hi^s faid to be a Lye, by the Atteftation of his own 
Officer, as well as of Capt. Cotter ell and his Officers ; 
^ad you will fee they think, as I do, that the Man's 
'^ ' principal 


principal Inducement was, to have an Opportunity 
to defert. 

And I am perfwaded. Sir, when you have read it, 
you will think Capt. H / deferves fome Mark of 
your DIfpleafurc, for prefuming to put into your 
Hands fuch a Complaint before he had taken Care 
to inform himfelf of the Truth of it ; and that you 
will take the Notice you think proper, of their 
Complaint againft him for want of Payment and 

Capt. Wafhington^ who was here from Col. Cope^ 
to have an Account of the particular Difpofal of 
the Americans on board our Ships, had from me a 
particular Account of them, as he defir'd; and 
you know. Sir, their making a Confufion, by 
fending them on board by Detachments from 
each Company, was their own handy- work. 

I fend this Letter by Captain Broderick^ as he 
comes lateft from Jamaica ; from whence I cannot 
learn, that there^are any Letters from England later 
than June laft , but there arc Reports even of fix 
or eight thoufand Men being to be fent here. 

The Dutch Ship, with Wine from Malaga^ fays, 
that three of Mr. Haddock's Cruizers had, in the 
Streights Mouth, in the Night, the like Ren- 
punter with three French Men of War as Sir 
Chaloner Ogle's Cruizers had here ; in which the 
French had one of their Captains kill'd, a young 
Marquis ; and that he faw them put afhore feventy 
wounded Men at Malaga. 

He heard likewife, that Sir John Norris had d^- 
tach*d five Men of War to Port St. Jndero, that 
i\ad burnt there five Spanijh Privateers and five 
Merchant Ships. 

And it is faid, ten thoufand of our Forces were 
tranfported, and had join'd his Majelly, who was 


at the Head of thirty thoufand Men, of his own 
Forces knd Auxiliaries. 

And I fend you a Letter I have receiv'd from 
the Marquis de Larnage (that you will pleafe to re- 
turn me by Capt. Broderick) which will, I am per- 
fwaded, convince you, as it does me, that this was 
not the principal Motive of \ the Meflenger's coming 
here. But I have invitee! him to dine with me 
again to-day, when I fhall put into his Hands my 
Anfwer to his Excellency's Letter, that waiting for 
that may not be a Pretence for his longer Conti- 
nuance here. I -am, 


Jtoyne, Oa. 9, 1741. Tourmofi Obedient, 

Humble Servant, y 
E. V. 

^0 Captain Long, of the Chefter. 

WHereas his Excellency theMarquefs de Larnage, 
Governor and Lieutenant General of the 
French Leeward Iflands, has fent me, by one ohi$ 
Guarda Cojia Sloops (the Tempete) a civil Letter, 
with the Return of two Englijh Seamen and a Boy, 
Deferters from the Tork -, which he mentions to 
have been the only Intent of fending her. But, as 
you will find by the annex'd Information of the fiid 
two Englijh Seamen, there is juft Ground, at leaft, 
to fufped, that Capt. Olivier, the Captain of In- 
fantry that commands her, has other Views ; from 
the Contraband Cargo of Iron and Arms mention*d 
in the faid Information to be brought on board t^ 
Spaniards, and in a Spanip Boat , and further, from 
the Conduit of the faid Capt. Oli'^ier, whofe En- 
quiries privately amongft lome of our Men, and 


avoiding our Officers, have had too much the Air 
of tranfading the Part of a Spy upon us here. ' 

This, in regard to doing all in our Power td 
preferve an exact Neutrality with them, has beeii 
thought proper to be overlooked, if they proceed 
no further toward the Execution of what mayjuftly 
be fufped:ed to be the faid Captain*s Intent, viz^ 
to throw the faid Succour of Iron and Arms into 
St. Jago : ' ^ ^ i 

And I have myfelf told the faid Captain, that 
as we looked upon St. Jago to be invefted by us, I 
hoped he had no Thoughts of moving that way ; 
which he aflured me he had not, but fhould ftretch 
over direftly to Cape Dona Maria. 

On taking the whole maturely into Confidera- 
tion with Sir Chaloner Ogle^ it was judged advifeable 
by us, that I (hould fend you the particular Orders 
following, for your Government in it. 

And you are accordingly hereby required and 
diredled, in cafe you meet the faid Guarda Cojia 
Sloop, called the Tempete, going into St. JagQ 
(which appears by the Marquefs de Larnage*s Let-* 
ter, and his own Confeffion, to be contrary xo his 
Order;) you are, in fuch Cafe, to flop the faid 
Guarda Sloop from going in, and to take out of 
her the. faid Contraband Stores put on board her at 
Lepgane by Spaniards ; and acquainting the faid Capt, 
Olivier, that by the Rules ot War he can't be per- 
mitted to go into the faid Port, you are to leav^ 
^him at free Liberty to go where he pleafes elfe. 
For, &c. 

Given on board the Boyne, in Cumberland Har- 
bour (formerly call*d PFaltbenam) on the South 
SideofC^tf, this loth of O^okr, 1741. 

E. V, 

P. S. I would have you continue your Cruize to 
the 30th Inftant, if you are not relieved fooner. 


f "6 j 

To General WENTwoRtH. 

I Have receiv'd your two Letters, of the 9th and 
loth of 06lober ; the former by the Officer that 
brought the Detachment of Men you fufpefted of 
* ' intending to defert, which are on board the Lyotty 
as you defired. But having fuch full Proof, from 
the Return made by Captain Cotterell and all the 
Commiffion Officers on board the Ship (which I 
lent to you) of the lying Reprefentation made by 
Serjeant Elder, I could not have conceived that you 
would have judged it proper, to give the leaft 
Countenance to fuch who had the Infolence to at- 
tempt fo grofsly impofing on you ; or to thofe 
who prefumed to hand it to you without the leaft 
Enquiry into it. And as Part of thefe Men, by 
the laid Report, are reprefented under the fame 
Circumftances as thofe you fent down, of defigning 
to defert ; I could not judge it for his Majefty*$ 
Service they fhould be fent. But I have given 
Captain Cotterell Orders, to diftinguifh, in the Lifl 
of thofe Men, thofe he fufpeds may defign to 
deferti and thofe he does not % and the three Ma- 
rines, and fuch as are not fufpeded to defign to 
defert, and the Officer, fhall be fent with them : 
And if you think it of Confequence, the Number 
fhall be compleated out of others that may not 
have given Occafion to fufpedt their Defign of de- 

As to the Care of our fick Men, I believe I may 
venture to afTure you, as we have erected Hutts 
for them, where they cannot defert, that your Care 
of them at Camp cannot poffibly exceed ours here. 

I was concerned to hear, fo fmall a Party as 
twenty Negroes had been fent out, with an Officer 
t>f their own only, without any other to dired: 
thofe who cannot be expe6tcd to underfbmd much 



iDiicipline of themfelves ; but was glad to hear the 
Officer's Folly, in being a Pigeon-Shooting inftcad 
of minding his Orders, had no worfc Confequcnces 
than falUng on himfclt only. 

And as you fcem fixed in your Refolutions, of 
advancing no further till you receive Succours from 
England', I hope you will not take it amifs that I 
fhould fuggeft my Thoughts in fuch Cafe, that it 
would be beft, not to harrafs your Troops by any 
long Excurfions of Parties, but to confine your 
Views to ftrengthening your Camp, and opening a 
Communication a-long-fide of the River, from the' 
Camp to the Bomb-Ketch (as you was pleafed to 
fay was Mr. Blakeney's Advice to you before I had 
fuggefted my Thoughts to you about it;) for co- 
vering the Embarkation of your Cannon and Bag- 
gage, if a French War Ihould make your fudden 
Re-embarkation neceffary. For, to be fure, the 
only fure way of re-embarking the Troops, will be 
by their marching afterwards in a Body down to 
where the Bomb-Ketch and Tranfports lie, where 
it can be done with great Eafe and Safety. 

I am glad I can acquaint you, the French Officers, 
that I think, as you do, were principally fent as 
Spies upon us, are decamp'd, and put to Sea yef- 
terday in the Afternoon. The Evening before, they 
entered the River in the Dufk of the Evening : 
But the firft of my Officers they came to pafs by. 
Hopping them, to know whether they had any 
Leave from me for their fo doing, at firft they faid 
they had *, but on his defiring them to produce it, 
they giving him an infolent Anfwer (faying it was 
in their Codpiece, or Words to that cSc6t) he did 
not permit their advancing : And finding I would 
receive no Prefents from them, and, I believe, fuf- 
pefting I had better Intelligence of their Defigns 
and Proceedings than they wilhed f^r > they dined 

d, with 

[ "8] 

with Sir Chaloner Ogle yefterday, and came after- 
wards to take their Leave of me, under fome vifiblc 
Marks of Confufion. I was very glad to fee them 
going, and had fent Orders before them, to watch 
their Motions when they were out. 

I only wait for the Convoy coming in, to receive 
my Letters, for preparing all neceffary Orders to 
be fent to Jamaica ; and defire you will, therefore, 
get your Letters for Jamaica ready as foon as you 
can. And if you will pleafe to fend them to me, 
or on board the Vulcan Firefhip, I will give all ne- 
ceffaiy Orders for their fafe and fpeedy delivery, as 
you defire. Hoping the Pacquet from Jamaica^ 
that I fent you Yefterday, came fafe to your Hands > 
I am, 

& J K 

Bcyne, in Cumherjand jUrhont ^^^^ ^^^ OM'enf, 

on the South Side of Cuba, Bumbk Servant^ 

04t. II, 1741. E. V. 

7<? General Went worth. 


THIS waits on you to acquaint you, that to- 
morrow, or next Day at fartheft, I fhall fend 
the Defiance to Sea upon a Cruize, and order her 
to touch at Jamaica in her way j therefore if you 
have any Letters you want to have fpeedily con- 
veyed thither, be pleafed to let me have them by 
to-morrow Noon. But if they cannot be ready by 
that Time, it will not be long before there will be 
another Opportunity of writing thither. I am, 

S I Ry 

MoytteM Cumberland Xour moft ObediSitt^ 

Jl^bour, Cuba. ^^^^^ Servnnf, 

[ 119 ] 

To General Wbnt worth, 
S I R, 

Finding by your Letter of the 13th, that youf 
Advices are the lame that we have, that, in all 
Probability, the firft News we have inay t>e that 
-of a French War ; 

It was thought neceflary to take into mature 
Deliberation v/ith Sir Chaloner Ogle, wh^t was pro- 
per to be done on fuch an Event. 

And we are clear in our Opinions, that w^ 
ought not to lofe any Time in putting to Sea 
with the fix Capital Ships, to take all the Advan- 
tage we could for deftroying the Enemy's Ships 
jjj.****<i^f****4|r**j ^j^^ ^Q leave behind 

us a fufficient Convoy, for affifting and proteding 
the Embarkation of your Army, and bringing 
them up after us with all- polTible Expedition. 
And we obferve, with Pleafure, it is your Opinio^ 
as well as ours, to make them, in fuch Cafe, a^ 
early a Vifit as poffible. 

And as it would much facilitate the fpeedy and 
fafe Re-imbarkation of the Cannon and Baggage, 
to have the Path cut along the River Side from 
the Camp to the Bomb-Ketch (which, it is judg*d, 
a hundred Blacks might do in three Pays ;) we 
beg Leave to fudged to you our Opinion, that it 
cannot be too foon fet upon, as fuch Advices 
would require all Things being difpatch'd with the 
utmoft Expedition. 

And as many of our Ships, for being in a 
Condition for Service, will require being aflifted 
with a Number of your Forces, that came hither 
embark*d in Tranfports ; we agree with you, that 
it would be right to eafe the great Expence to 
the Crown on that Head, on all Occafions where 
you find you have more Tranfports than you havq 
Occafion for. 

0^2 - M 

[ 120 ] 

As we have no Views in the Advice we fend 
you, but what appears to us mofl for his Majefty's 
Service, we are perfwaded. you v;ill receive it in 
eood part from us. We are, 

Bopie, in Cumherland Totiv moji Obedient^ 

Harbour, Cuba, Humbled erv ant s, 

Od. 1 6, 1741. TT \r 

'^ jbL. VERNON, 

C. Ogle. 

^0 Capt. Forrest, of the Alderncy Bomb. 

y former verbal Orders to you in regard to 
the Tranfports, haying been too carelefsly 
regarded by them, I have thought proper to re- 
new them to you in Writing. 

And you are hereby direfted, to require Mr. 
JValkicc\ the Agent of the Tranfports, to fend fuit- 
able Orders to each of them, for their careful Go- 
vernment for the future \ giving him a Copy of 
my Orders to you, for his Government therein, in 
enjoining them duly to obferve them. 

You are hereby required and dire6led,. to give 
ftrift Orders to thofe 6f the Flotilla put under 
your Commiand, every Evening to haul on board 
the Planks, or other Communication they -may have 
from their Ships to the Shore in the Day-time ; 
and that they have Anchors laid out in the River, 
to haul off to, upon any Enemy coming fuddenly 
on them ; and that they keep their Guns loaded 
with Ball for their Defence -, and give their re- 
fpective Seamen a ftrict Injundlion, not to ramble 
far from their Ships, under Pretence of Shooting, 
or otherwife (that they may not carelefsly play 
themfelves into the Enemy's Hands, as fome have 
appear'd very near the Camp, well, mounted on 


Horfeoack ,) and to aflure the refpeftlve Maflfers, 
that the Crown will anfwer for no Damages that 
ihall accrue thro' Carelcflhefs. And you will order 
a careful Guard to be kept on board the Flotilla, 
and eftablifh proper Signals, for giving due Notice 
of the Appearance of any Enemy. 

And in Cafe of any Alarm being made in the 
Night, that might require my fending Boats 
mann'd and arm'd in the Night, you are to take 
the Command of them upon you, and poft them, 
for Service, on board fuch Ships as you fhall judge 
moft proper for the Service of covering and pro- 
tefting the reft. For, i^c. 

Given on board the Boyne, in Cumberland Har- 
bour (formerly calPd Walthenam) on the South 
Side of Cuba, this i8th of O^ober, 174 1. 

E. V. 

To General Wintworth. 

UPON the Receipt of your Letter of the 17th 
Inftant, I communicated it to Sir Chaloner 
' Ogle ; and we were glad to find you was deter- 
mine to lofe no Time in clearing the Road along 
the River Side, to the Bomb-Ketch. 

But tho' we both agree with you in the Ap- 
pearances there are of a French War ; yet, as we 
have no publick Advices of it, we cannot think 
our Surmifes, that a War may happen to break 
out between the two Nations, a fufficient Motive 
for aflembling a Publick Council of War. 

To be fure. Sir, it will be right in you, to have 
fuch an Event in your Thoughts, for making a 
proper Difpofition whenever it fhould happen ; 
and we make no Difficulty, Sir, in freely fending 
you our Opinion upon it. 


f.if . V .? { 122 ] 

That the firfl: Step Ihould be, clearing a Road 
by the River Side, for fecuring a fafe Paflkge to 
the Boats, in the Re-embarkation of your Cannon 
and Baggage. 

And that for the convenienter doing of that, the 
commanding Officer of the Train (hou'd have your 
Orders to be preparing a little Wharf, that their 
Liongboats can lay their Sides to, for the convenient 
ihippingoff the Cannon and Baggage; in whichCapt. 
Forreji will afllft him with his Advice if he defires it. 

And they being all fhipp'd off, that then the 
whole Army fhould march in a Body from the 
Camp, through the open Salinas^ to where the 
Bomb-Ketch and Tranfports lie, where they may 
^o on board their refpedtive Tranfports with gre^t 
Eafe and Safety. 

r_ . We did not in our laft propofe any Draught 
Trom the Army, for the firft Ships we might deem 
tpr his Majefty's Service to put to Sea with ; but 
"rather to make a Draught from them for the re- 
maining Ships. 

And upon your re-embarking, a fufficient Num- 
;ber fhould then" go on board of them, to fit them 
for Service ; for which we apprehend there may 
^>e wanted near five hundred ; and that will be a 
good Reafon for leffening the Number of Tranf- 
ports. We are, 
*- SIR, 

Cuba, Ocioberi^, ly^u Humbk Servant s, 

E. Vernoi*, 

^ /^l**, y. T^^n the firft: Advice you gave me of the 
it)rders you had fent to General Guifey I fent Orders 
^tp Captain DaverSy by the Defiance, to write to Ge- 
neral Gui/e, to defire he would let him know at 
what Time he fhould have his Tranfports and 


[ 123 3 

Forces ready to come, and that he would take Care 
a Convoy fhould be ready for him againfl the Time 
he Ihould defire it. i 


^/ a Council of War held in the Camp in the Ijle of 
C\ihAythe2iJiofOd:ohtt^ 1741. 

WE the under- written Members of the Council 
of War, having taken into Confideration the 
Reprefentation of Vice- Admiral Vernon and Sir Cha- 
loner Ogle^ that five hundred Men may be wanting 
to be put on board the Fleet 5 do declare, that ia 
Cafes of Neccflity, fuch as the Approach of the 
Enemy's Fleet, or the Complement of his Majefty's 
Ships of War being fo much weaken*d, as not to 
be able to proceed to Sea without the AfTiftance 
of the Land Forces, We are of Opinion that the 
faid five hundred Men, or more, fhould be lent to 
fupply his Majefly's Ships. At the lame Time, 
we mufl recommend it to Mr. Vernon's Confide- 
ration, that any confiderable Draught from our 
prefent Force will reduce them fo low, that they 
will be difablcd from undertaking any Thing of 
Moment againft the Enemy , and do think it ne- 
cefTary to fignify to him, that they are to be re- 
turn*d whenever our Commander in Chief fhall 
require it. And we conceive, that the detaining 
any Part of the Land Forces on board the Fleet, 
without his Confent, is contrary to the King's In- 
ftrudions, and may be of great Prejudice to his 
Majefly's Service. 

We have further taken into Confideration our 
prclcnt Circumflances, and fhould, we think, be 
wanting in our Duty to his Majefly, if we did not 
reprefcnt to Vice -Admiral Vernon, that we are 


t J24 ] 

vrtry Day more and more convinced of the Im 
pradlicablenefs (even were we to receive a ftrong: 
Reinforcement) of advancing from our Camp by 
Land to St. Jago ; and that, the rainy Seafon be- 
ing over, our Contimiance^ in our prefent Situation, 
cannot (as far as we judge) anfwer the End pro- 
pos'd by his Majeiily in fending this Body of 
Troops to the tVeJi^ Indies. 

We are therefore of Opinion, that if the Forces 
were to be landed in fome inhabited Part of this 
Jfland, or elfewhere in the King of Spain's Do* 
minions (fuch as may be agreed upon in the Prin- 
cipal Council of War-,) the King*s Service would 
in all Refpedts be more efFedually carried on, than 
by our Continuance here in a State of Inaftivity, 
which we think neither to be confiflent with the 
Englijh Name, nor with his Majcfty's Service. 

Tho. WentwortHi 
B Will. Blakeney, 

c; a. lowther, 

^ James Cockran, 

- ' ' John Cottrell^ 

Robert Fraser. 


To General Wentworth. 

HAving this Morning receiv*d your Letter of 
the 2 ift Inftant, with the inclofed Refolutioni 
of your Council of War of the fame Date, I im- ' 
mediately communicated them to a Council \ and 
I fend you inclofed the unanimous Opinion of our 
Council of War of this Day, upon having taken 
the fame maturely into Confideration. I am, 


Boyne, in OmbtrlanJ Ihxhonr ^^^^ ^j^ Obedient^ 

* on the South Side of Cvha, Humble Serv^t, 

OB. 22, 17^1. E. V. 

^jf/ a Council of War, held on board bis Majefifs Ship - 
\ ihe BoynQ, the 2id of OtiobcTy 1741. 

WE the under- written Men;ibers of the Couhcil 
of War, having had Jaid before us the Re- 
folutions of a Council of War held in the Camp in 
the Ifland of Cuba the 21ft Inftant (and fent to 
Vice- Admiral f^ernon, in a Letter from General 
fVentworth of the lame Date, likewile communi- 
cated to us ;) 

As alio the two Letters jointly fign'd by him 
and Sir Chalomr Ogle, as their Opinion what might 
be moft for his Majefty's Service, in cafe of any 
fudden Advice of a War breaking out between us 
and France i 

We entirely agree in the Opinion given by the 
Admirals, as moft conducive, in our Opinion, to 
his Majefly*s Service in fuch an Event. '?. 

And upon taking the faid Refolutions, and Ge- 
neral iyentKvorth*s Letter, into mature Deliberation^ 
as likewife his Majefty's Inftruftions, and the unar 
nimous Relblution of our General Council of War 
of the 20th of 7/y, 1741. (which Refolution being 
(tr^ from hence by Exprefs on the 30th of July^ 
now twelve Weeks paft, we may reafonably ex- 
pe<5t every Day to know his Majefty's RoyafP^-? 
fure upon it :) ^^^^ /T/i'i 

We are unanimoufly of Opinion ndw,^"as' we 
were then, that had this Attempt on St. J ago been 
fet upon in the firft Week after our Arrival here, 
by a thoufand chofen Men, and a thoufand Blacks 
having advanced with a Week's ProvifionS (as 
was then propos'd by Admiral Vernon) they would 
have fuccecdcd in the Attempt ; nothing having 
occurr'd to us fince to incline us to alter our Opi- 
nions, which we think fupported by the Intelli- 
R gcnce 

( .26 1 

gcnce procur'd from aJl the intercepted .V/5y5b 

- We have all of us ferved the CrOwn often in 
'thefe Jimerican Seals, and his Majefty having judg'd 

; vs of Experience to ferve in this Expedition, we 
:have always been forward to give our Advice in 

: every Inftance wher6 we judg'd it for his Majcfty's 
Service : Tho* by his Majefty's Inftruiflions it ap- 
pears, the Admirals Orders were to be aiding and 
allifting to my Lord Cat hearty in what Ihould be 
jiidg'd proper to be undertaken; fo that the point- 
ing that but was more properly to have arifen from 
the General of the Ariny. But as our Experience thele Seas might be deemed to have given us 

.fome more particular Knowledge, we are very 
wiilig, on this and ail other Occafibns, to give 
ur Opinion of the Prafticability, of what 3pan\lh 
Places lie moft open to be attack*d. 

Torto Belld we know to be an open Harbour, 
.and as yet a dcfencelefs Town ; and the Troops 
can be linded there for marching to Pamina, if 
the Generals approve of that, after our having re- 
ceived Advices that there is not an immediate 
Probability of a French War : For till fuch Advices 
arrive, it is our unanimous Opinion, we cannot be 
better pofted for his Majefty's Service than we arc 
at prcient. 

And we know the Troops can be landed at Leo- 
gane^ as we think they can at Petit Guavey (o its to 
enter upon immediate Service without marching 
fhro'aWood. But wc very well know, that to 
get to Panama, they have much longer Marches^ 
and thro* much lefs prafticable Paths, than to get 
to St. JagOy an open Town, that they might (in 
eur Appreheniion) with great Eafe have been 
Maftets of j which, we conceive, would have been 

mod conducive to his'Mijeffy^s SfefvicCi and tkc 
Honour of the EngUjh Name. ".'.Y^ 

The Fleet, ii;i cafe there be rid /^iir^ Waf, can 
likewife from hence carry the Forced %<iCaxthditnay 
if the Generals think themf?Ives ftrong enough 
to attempt it again. -But we know of no Race 
clfe, but the inconfideraWe Barcadier (rather of 
Intelligence than Trade) oi^Santa Martha,, that tlie 
Troops can be landed at, to attack any ^paT0) 
Place of Confequence, without the Trooi having 
more Woods to march thro', an4 more pifficyky 
of Accefs, thn to St. Ja^o. 
' -put if the Council of General Officers have fuch 
Intelligence, that they can pioiht out to us any fuch 
Place as they are defirous to be carried to, they 
will always find in ys a Readinels to concur in 
every TWng they can offer for his Majefty's 

Given under our Hands on board his Majefty's 
Ship the Boyne, in Cumberland Harljour (formerly 
call*d IValtbenam) on the South Side of Cuhy the 
22d of OMer^ 1 74 1 . <^ ' - * 

e. OqLE, " J<ifoi^, 
p. Mayh5, ' "'^- 
'* ' Charles CoTtERECL, 

WE the under-written, the principal Officers 
of his Majefty's Land Forces ip the if^- 
Indiesy cannot without great Surprize re;ld tivt 
Refoiution of a Council of War held on board his 
Majefty's Ship the Boyne the 2 2d of QMer, 1741, 
compos'd of Sea Officets only ; who ha7e (as we 
conceive, quite contrary to his Majefty's Inftruftions) 
taken upon them to judge of, and to pafs Cenfurc 
upon the Proceedings of his Majefty's Land Forces -, 
R 2 and 

[ 128 ] 

and likewife have afigmed the Authority of the 
principal Council, nani*d exprefsjy by his Maje^y 
yi his Inftrudions, for confidering and determining 
what Enterprize fhould b.e undertaken. 
', We therefore declare, that as tl^e Refojution of 
'^he /aid CJounpl of War relates tp Things not 
properly coming u^ider their Cognizance, we do 
not think it neceflary (tho* we have all poflible Re- 
gard to. the particular Members in their refpedivc 
Stations) to return any other Anfwer to the faid 
Refolution. ,_ 
Dated at the Camp, the 25th of OSfohr^ 1741. 
^ Tho. Wentworth, 

Will. Blak^nzy, 
, a. lowther, 

James Cockran, 
John Cottrell, 
Robert Fraser. 

sr<? General We n t w o r th, 
SIR, ~ 

I Have no News, to fend you, by the 'Prince Frede^ 
rick's Arrival, "iyho comes to me in a bad Con- 
dition. I would have difpatch'd her diredly for 
England, but Captain Bofcawen reports her not even 
fit for that : But as fhe muft go as foon as fhe 
can be made fir, from hence or Jamaica, you will 
be pleas'd to prepare your Letters for gqing by 
her. V 

. And as I am fending a Firefhip for Jamai(;a on 
Monday next, I defire you would have any Letters 
you intend fending by that Occafion, ready to go 
by Captain Tomfon,, in the Vefuvius Firefhip, by 
Monday Noon at farthcfl ; ' for the Ravages of the 
Worms give me more Uneafinefs than |he reft of 
ur Enemies. ..^-^..^.i,'^ 

M I our 

[ 1^29 3 

' ' Your Army-Money that came by the Defiance^ 
I am told, has been fent for 5 but if I had noi; 
thought on it more than your Paymafter, it had 
gone to Sea again in the Defiance. 

And as the Superhe is now in Harbour, I hop& 
he will take Care to get that Money out, before hij 
Majefty's Service may require that Ship's going to 
Sea again. 

And if it is judg'd that any Application may be 
wanting to be made to me upon it, that muft be 
made to me in writing, for I cannot found Orders 
upon verbal Meflages. 

I have got my Ships all near compleated to a 
four Month's Victualling, for proceeding to Sea 
upon th^ firft Advices we may receive of a French 
War, to make it neceffary ; and I make no doubt, 
but on the Return of your Convoy, you have pro* 
cured a fufficient Recruit for the Service of your 
Forces. Which I thought proper to mention, that 
you might, otherwife, think in Tim^, of fending 
Orders for having more Provifions Ihipp'd fo be 
fent to you, or fending Tranfports for them from 
hence ; as with what have died, and what may be 
wanted to fupply his Majefty's Ships, to be fure, 
there may be many Ipare Tranfports. I am, 


JBoyne, in Cumberland Harbour, Tour mojl Obedient^ 

Qfia, Oa. 2^, ij^u Humble Servant^ 

E. V. 

-i) y*? G^wr^i Win T WORTH. ' ^'- 

. S J R, 

TT bfeing Night before Captain Lee brought m^ 

- my Letters, who came in late in the Evening, 

J could not difpatch him to you fooner than this 

Morning. ... 

" I liavc. 

[ ^30 ] 

I have juft read over my Letter from his Grace 
the Duke of Newcafile, with the Advice of a Re- 
inforcement of three thoufand Men being faid to 
be to fail from Cork fome time in laft Month, 
which arc probably in their Way hither. When you 
have had Time to read over your Letters, I doubt 
not but you will agree with me, that a General 
Council of War, agreeable to his Majefty*s Inftruc- 
tions of the lotl^of July^ 1740!, fliould be held ; 
which (hall be fummoned accordingly on any Day 
you ihall defu-e \ or if you approve of coming, with 
Mr. Blakeney with you, it can bq held whenever you 

I have had a flight Fit of the Gout lately, and 
you know Sir Chaloner Ogle is a little lame : But 
if you and Mr. Blakeney apprehend any ill Canf- 
quences from your coming fo far, we will, if you 
defire it, make the beft Shift we can to meet you 
On board the Firefhip, juft below Captain ForreJi\ 
Bomb-Ketch, on the Morning you ihall defire. 

SoyM, in Cumberland Harbour, 2''Qur mafk Ohedient^ 

Cuba, oa. 26, 1 741. i/w^/(r Servant^ vj . 


To Captain Dennison, ef the Augufla. - 

By, (^c, 
Xl/Hereas I have Intelligence, of no lefs than 
^^ feven Regifter Ships lying ready to fail from 
Cadiz, as foon as they can flip Mr. Haddock's Squa- 
dron, fome of which would be attempting to 
pafs under French Colours, and fome under Dnteh 
Colours ; . 

And whereas it is found by Experience, that eaf- 
linjg on the Coaft (yf Rio La Hacha, to wtfKiwaFd ef 
: : . Sanfa 

[ r^i ] 

Santa Mariba^ for getting Intelligence, is tlie^com- 
mon Courle of the Enemy's Ships bound for G?r- 
tbagena or Porto Sello : 

You are hereby required and difedled, to j^dt to 
Sea to-morrow, and ftretch over diredtly^' for the 
Spanijb Main^ as your falling to Leeward of your 
faid Station there, will ftill put you in the Way of 
intercepting any Thing going to, or coming from 
Carthagena. And after making the Land, and 
knowing whereabouts you are, you will make thfe 
beft of your way for getting int your StatK)n to 
windward of Rio La Hacha -, where you are to con- 
tinue your Cruizing till the toth Day of Dirctmher 
next. At the Expiration of which Tefm, or fooner 
taking any confiderable Prize, that tnay require 
your feeing her fafe into Port Royaly you arc to 
return to the faid Harbour of Port BJtyal in Ja^ 
ntaica, in order to refit your Ship, and get ready 
for failing Ibr Englmd^ purfuant to fuch Orders as 
you fhall receive from me after your Arrival at 
Port Royal. 

But on any confiderable Squadron of the Ene- 
my difcovering itklf while you are on that Sta- 
tion, or any very material Intelligence, you are to 
endeavour at bringing me the earlieft Advices of it 

All Sfanijh Ships or Veffels you fhall meet with, 
you are to ufe your utmoft Endeavours to take, 
fink, burn, or deftroy. 

And as to che daring and unauthorized Attempts 
of the Subjects of any Nation, to cover and proted 
the Ships, Perfons, or EfFafh of his Ma|efty*s 
Enemies the Spmiards , you are not to permit the 
fame, but to feize the faid Ships, Perfons, or Ef- 
feds of his Majefty's Enemies the Spaniards^ yfYi^t- 
ever yu fhall find the feme on the Seas ; as you 
will <U1 Ships nd VefTcls of any Nation, that you 


[ 132 ] 

i^all meet with going to fu^ply his Majcfty's Ene^ 
mies the Spaniards with Contraband Stores, for 
their being further proceeded againft here accord* 
ing to Law. For, y<r. 

Given on board tlie Boyne, in Cumberland Har- 
bour, Csff. this 26th of OMer^ i74i 


At a Council of War held on board his Majejiy*s Ship 
the Boyne, on Wednefday 06t. 28, 1741. 

THE Council of War being affembled, his Ma-' 
jefty*s Inftrudions of the loth of July, 1740, 
his Grace the Duke of Newcajik*s Letters to 
Mr. Vernon and Mr. Wentworth of the 28th of 
Augufi^ 1 74 1, one from Mr. Couraud of the fame 
Date, and two from Sir Charles Wager of the iSth 
and 2 2d of the fame Month, and fuch other In- 
telligence as was come to Mr. Vernon's Hands, 
were read. 

And Mr. Vernon obferving, that his Majefty's 
inftrudions direded him to be aiding and aflifting 
to my Lord Cathcart in whatever Enterprize was 
to be undertaken, defir*d Mr. Wentworth would 
be pleafed to name which of the Places mentioned 
in the faid Inftrudions he thought moft proper to 
be attempted, for our mature Deliberation upon it. 

But Mr. Wentworth deliring further Time to 
confider of the Contents thereof, and of the pre- 
fent Situation of Affairs, before we came to any 
Refolution ; the Council of War adjourn*d their 
final Determination till Saturday the 31ft Inftant, 
as Mr, Wentworth dcfir'd. 

Saturday Morning, the ^ijl of O^ober, 1741. 

The Council of War being affembled according 
to Adjournment, we began, agreeable to his Grace 


t^c Unk^ of Newca/ik*s Diredioos ia hi.5 Letter^ 
above- mention'd, to take into mature Deliberation',, - 
wjiether we. were. in dny Condition to, undcrtivke;ari , 
Attempt upon the 7-/<3i^^^. v. r; *: .. -.,,0..^./' 

And we were unanimously -of Opinion, ^ejh^^ 
not a Force flifficient for.fuch' aii Attempt, ,4r,;hc?.* 
North Seafon did not render all Approaches 16" ,^tj 
Impracticable. j 1' 

I .And we are unanimoufly of Opinion, . that tliia., 
farqe Reafons are fubfifting both, in, regard to^^' 
Fera Cn/z and Mexico. ' ' ,,; , \ :^t. j ' 

In regard to Carihagena, "iho* the fIarb(Li^ be. 
open, we are unanimoufly <?f Opinion, that- our 
prefcnt Force is in no Sort proportion^ to fuch an 
Enterprize. And even with the Addition of ^ the^ 
Succours faid to be coming (in regard to the in-*' 
creafing Sicknefs amongft the Troops now,,, and 
what it may be naturally apprehended, from tho 
Fatigues of a Siege in forni, may happen to frefli 
Troops in that unhealthy Situation, deftituti? of 
fufficient Supplies of good Water, as we hdve 
found by Experience^ we canoot ti)ii^\ fpcjb, a^i ]L!n-^ 
dertaking advifeable. ; ,-:i;qz-)1'?. ^::?V.' If-Yiiri 

And in regard to Panama,, we unanimoufly agree,' 
from the beft Advices we have teen* able to coiled, 
that it is imtpradicable to advance; with Cannon tjo^ 
Panama-, and it being a fortified Town, with above, 
forty Pieces of Cannon mounted on the Ramparts, 
and a fufficient Garrifon, we cannot think it prac- 
ticable to attempt it without Cannon. ;, 

And the.Council of .War finding themfclyes.^j 
no Condition to attempt any. of the Places abovc-j^ 
mention*d, and d^ily weighing the materiaf A'dr . 
vices that are mention *d in' Sir C harks f Pager's 
Letters, in regard-to the Apprehenfions of a French"^ 
War i. (in which Cafe, the Attempt on any Place^to 
Leeward of Jamaica, might expofe the faid Illand, 

S " and 

[ m 3 

and all our Trade, to become a Prey to tKem y 
whofe Settlements lying to Windward of us, they 
could make fudden Attempts on that Ifland, that 
we could not return to prevent :) 

We unanimoufly agree, that in our prefent Cir- 
cumftances, we can do nothing better for his Ma- 
jcfty*s Service at prefent, than to take the beft 
Methods we can for fupporting ourfclves in our 
prefent Situation, till the promised Succours arrive, 
or we may fooner receive any other Orders from 
his Majefty : As in this Situation, on Advice of 
any fuperior Force of Enemies coming into thcfe 
Seas, we fhall have a Retreat to Jamaica open to 
us, for preferving that valuable Ifland to the Crown j 
and wc cannot be better polled for proteding the 
'I'rade of his Majefty*s Subjeds, and intercepting 
that of his Majefty's Enemies. 

And we do, accordingly, unanimoufly agree, to 
proceed, in our refpeftive Provinces, to do all we 
judge moft prudent for maintaining our Poft here, 
and preferving a Communicati<m between the Fleet 
and Army, till our receiving further Orders, or the 
Arrival of the Succours : When vigorous Refolu- 
tions nt^y be taken, fw advancing to make our- 
felves Mailers of St. Jago^ and fecuring all the 
Ifland of Quha to the Eaftward of it ; which we 
apprehend to be the moft that can be done with 
the promised Succours, when they arrive. 

'-Given under our Hands, on board hisMajefty'is 
Ship the Boym^ in Cumberland Harbour (formerly 
call*d Waltbenam) on the South Side of Cuba^ the 
3ifl of Oiiokry I'^^u 

'" E. Vernon, 


C. Ogle, j 

W. Blakenbt. 

X 135 ] 
^0 CapP.V^i L L I A M L t A, of the Bonetta SIoojk 

WHereas it is of the utmoft Importance to his 
Majcfty's Service, to keep a watchful Eye 
on all the Motions of his Majefty's Enemies, for 
the. preventing of Surprizals from them \ as Capt. 
Cleland's Term of his Cruize is cjroir'd, and I have 
|io one but you ready for the prelent to fupply his 
Station ; (tho' you arc fpccdily intended for another 
Service, as foon as we can have another Ship in 
readinefs for fupplying the Station you are going 

You are hereby required and direfted, to make 
the bcft of your way to take your cruizing Station 
between five and eight Lcaguej to the South-Eail 
of Point a Bacoe^ lying to windward of Cape Tibe- 
roon ; which, I judge, may be a very good Station 
for intercepting any of the Enemy's Trade coming 
that Way, or getting Advices of the Motions of 
any of their Squadrons, and fc^r bringing me the 
carlicft Accounts of them ; which you arc imme- 
diately to do, upon difcovering any confiderabk 
Force of his Majefty's Enemies. 

And as I am expecting a conHderable Reinforce- 
ment, that muft pafs by in Sight of your faid Sta- 
tion , and as it is of the utmoft Importance to his 
Majefty's Service, they Ihould not pafs by you un- 
feen; you will carefully look out for them, for 
delivering both to the Commander in Chief of 
thofc Forces, and the Commanding Officer of 
their Convoy, my Letters; that to the faid General, 
advifing his coming to join us here direftly, and 
my Letters and Orders to the Commanding Officer 
of the laid Convov, dire<^g his coming here di- 
re<a:ly with the faid Convoy. In which Cafe, you 
are to accompany them, to condu6l them fafcly to 
this Port, taking particular Care that you do not 
S 2 fall 


fall to leeward of it. And if you iliould meet 
any fingle VefTel coming Exprefs with Letters and 
Orders for me, iV he does not apprehend the Con- 
voy to be near coming, you will then likewife ac- 
company him, for his fpeedy getting, here ; or m 
cafe he does, fend an experienc*d Officer to condud 
him here. il t > u ^l /. o^j 

' All Spanijh Ships or VelTels you fhaH meet with, 
you are to ufe your utrnoft Endeavour to talce, 
fink, burn, and dcftroy. ; ;i, ::, ^ 

And as to the daring and unauthoriz'd Attempts 
of the Subjefts of any Nation, to cover and proted 
the Ships, Perfons, or Effefts of his Majefty's 
Enemies the Spaniards -, you are in no Sort to 
permit the fame, but to feize the faid Spaniards 
Ships, Perfons, or Effeds, wherever you fhall find 
the fame on the Seas *, and to C-ize all Ships and 
. -^efTels you fliall meet with going to fupply his 
-Majefly's Enemies the Spaniards with Contraband 

- But on meeting with any of the Guarda Cofias 
of his moft Chriftian Majefty; you are carefully to 
preferve with them that good Correfpondence that 
ought to fubfift between Officers in the Sefvice 
of Princes in Amity with each other. 

And as you will be cruizing in the Way of the 
/r^wf^ Trade, you are to ufe all friendly Offices 
toward them, and direft your Officers not to har- 
rafs or rummage any fuch French Ship's or VelTels, 
as give you no juft Caufc of Sufpicion of their being 
going with contraband Stores to any of the Spanijb 
Ports. ;':rbr. 

You are to continue Cruizing on the faid Station, 
and on the Service afore-mention'd, till the 15th 
Day of this prcfent Month, or your fooner being 
relieved, or leaving it on theOccafion injoined you ; 
at the Expiration of which Term, you are to make 
^' . the 

[ 137 ] 
the beft of your Way for joining me here, and re-i 
ceiving my further Orders. For, ^ff. 
i Given on board the Boyne, in Cumberland Har* 
bour, (formerly called JValthenam) on the. South 
Sideof C^, thi3.5jft,pf 0^^fr,;:WU ^ 

To the Hon. the Commanding Officet of his Majejiy's 
Land Forces cominz to the West I n d i je s. 

SIR '' t'^ii'i'J \>i-V/ IL'CY iv :^ - '. 

AS I fend you inclbfed a Copy of the^Reloru- 
tions of our laft Council of War, held on the 
Information fent us by his Grace the Duke of Neiv- 
caftle, of the fpeedy Reinforcements intended to be 
fent out to us ; 

It is needlefs for me to add any other Induce- 
ment to you. Sir, to engage you to confent to the 
Commanding Officer of the Convoy's proceeding 
diredly to bring the Convoy to join us here j as 
going fo far to Leeward as Jamaica, would be the 
moft fatal Incident that could happen to his Ma- 
jefly's Service. 

No one being named to us for the Command on 
this Occafion, obliges me to^make Ufe of a general 
Dircdion. I am, 


Boynt, in Cumberland Tour moji Obedienty 

Harbour, Cuba, f^^^^^i^ Servant, 

^ov. I, 1741. E. Y. 

To the Commanding Officer of the Convoy coming out 
with the Reinforcement. 
By, (^c. 
CEnding you inclofed a Copy of the Refolutions 
^ of our laft General Council of War, you will fee 
how much it is for his Majefly's Service, that you 
Ihould not lofe a "Moment's Time in coming to 


[ n^ ] 

join me here with all your Convoy. And yon are, 
therefore, on receiving thefe Orders, immediately 
to acquaint the Commanding Officer of the Land 
Forces with it, and defire his Confent for your pro- 
ceeding accordingly ; which cannot be doubted of, 
as I have fent him likewife a Copy of the faid Ge- 
neral Refolutions of the Council of War. 

And you are accordingly hereby required and di- 
refted, upon the Receipt of my Orders, to make 
the beft of your Way hither, with all the Tranf- 
ports and Storelhips under your Convoy. And if 
any be feparated from you, you will leave a Ship 
to cruize for them, and bring them after you and 
Captain I^a has my Orders for coming with you, 
to pilot you hither, taking particular Care not to 
jail in with the Land to Leeward of the Harbour, 
for fear of a Lee Current. And as his Majefty's 
Service requires it, you will ufe all poffible Dili- 
gence in the due Execution of your Orclers. For,(=f<:. 

Given on board the Boyn^, in CuinberJand Har- 
l)0ur, Cub^i this lii oi November^ I74i' 


Orders of the fame Tenour with thofe given to 
Captain Lea of the Bomb Sloop, of the 31ft of 
O^obery were this Day given and iffued to Captain 
jillen of the Seaborfe, to cruize till the 15th of De- 
cember, together with the foregoing Letter to the 
Commanding Officer of his Majefly's Land Forces, 
faid to be coming hither, and the Order to the 
Commanding Officer of the Convoy coming out 
,Yi'ith them, this 6th of Novemkry 1741. E. V. 


io!;.:;^ .. . 

,-,^ [.^ -To his Grace the Duke e^ N ***** *. 

My Lord DukCy 

MY lafl to your Grace was of the 6th of OSfoier^ 
by the Pireband Firefhip^ Captain Barnard \ z, 


[ 139 ] 

Duplicate of which accompanies my prefent Letter 
to your Grace. Which I chufc to begin in Time, 
for going by the next Opportunity, which 1 apprc" 
hend muft be by the Frince Frederick, Captain Bof- 
iiawen^ when he arrives here, from the bad Accounts 
they have fent me of her upon her late careening : 
But' flie is not arrived this 21ft of OMer, when I 
am beginning my Letter, which gives me Ibme 
Uneafuiefs, as, by the iateft Accounts I have had, 
I expeded her here much fooner. 

On the 7th of OMer arriv'd hefe Captain Sro- 
derick in the Shorebam, who has been cruizing off 
Caribagem, and brought me a certain Account of 
Don Blafs de Lezoh Death, and a Letter to me from 
his Excellency the Vice Roy of Santa Fe^ which I 
fend your Grace incbfed a Copy of; as likewife of 
my Anfwer to it, which fully informs your Grace 
of the Particulars of the Champana Prize, taken by 
C^tain Brodick, being Part Bale-Goods of the 
Cargo of the Galleons going for Monpos, and Part 
Money j which together are computed at near four- 
fcore thoufand Pieces of Eight Value. And I hav<e 
fent the Shcreham off Cape Franfois, to cruize on 
the Spanijh Privateers, that arc cruizing on our 
Northern-Colony Trade, from that Port. 

On the 8 th came in here a French Guar da Cofia 
Sloop,, commjurded by Captain Olivier^ a Captain 
of Infentry, that brought me here a Letter from 
the Marquefs de Larnage^ that I fend your Grace in- 
clofed a Copy of j and from the triing Contents, 
and his Condu^ here, I am fully fatisfied his prin- 
cipal BuHnefs was being^ a Spy on usw I gave my 
felf little Concern for the Remarks he could make 
on our Difpofition i but as he went privately in the 
Evening to make a Vifit to ;he Camp, the hrft of 
my Officers of the Flotilla that met nim, finding 
he did nvt prejcend to have had any Leave from me, 
.1 . cold 

[ HO ] 

told him, without fuch Leave he could not admit 
of his advancing further; To he was prevented going 
there : And by a Letter from Mr. Wentworth af- 
terwards, I found he was defirous he fhould not 
come there. And he foon after took his Leave in 
a Hurry and feeming Confufion, having, as I appre- 
hend, had Advice, that I knew he had a Contra- 
band Cargo on board i which, however, I had de- 
termin*d not to take any Notice of in this HaN" 
hour. I was glad he was going, and let him faif 
accordingly on the lOth in the Evening, having, 
on his dining with me on the 9th, given him 
my Letter for the Marquis de Larnage, with my 
Complaint againft the Governor of Port Francois^ 
for the Countenance he gave to the Spani/h Pri- 
vateers, in cruizing upon our Trade from thence i 
a Copy of which comes likewife inclofed. And I 
fend your Grace inclofed, likewife, a Copy of the 
Inforrnation of the two Englijh Seamen he brought 
me, of the Cargo he had for St. J ago ; and I had 
difpatch*d Orders by my Tender Sloop to Captain 
'Long of the Chejier, to have prevented his going 
into St. Jago, and, on fuch an Attempt, to have 
taken out of him his Contraband Cargo, and then 
have left him to proceed as he thought proper J 
But he went away, Lbelieve, fo full of Apprehen- 
fions of his Defigns being difcover*d, that, by my 
Cruizer^ to the windward of the Port 1 under- 
ftood, he ftood direftly away for Hifpaniola. 
' And I am glad to acquaint your Grace, that the 
whole Convoy of Tranfports I fent to Jamaica, 
for the Ally's recovered Officers and Men, and 
the Supplies of Proviftons and Stores, are all fafely 
tirriv'd here, without any Accident by the Way.'^<^ 
*' yh^ Montague return'd from her Cruize off Point 
^d'Sacoe on the 10th, and ihtAugufta from hers off 
"Cape Fr^/:prV the nth, having chafed a Spanijh 
^#'' Privateer 

j^rivateer into Port Fran^ois^ and retaken a Prize, 
from her, and alfo taken a Spanifh Carracca Ship, 
of three hundred Tuns and fifty-three Men, which 
ihe fent into Jamaica. This Ship came from the 
Havanna the 5th of Auguft^ N. S. bound to the 
Coali of Carraccas, but lofing her Maft in her 
PafTage, was going to Cape Franfois to refit : But 
the Governor of the Havanna, llraitenM for 
Money, had, in the Spanijh Manner of borrowing, 
taken out of her eighty thoufand Pieces of Eight, 
to ferve the Urgencies of the publick Service ; by 
which you may judge of their extraordinary Ex-, 
pences. I fend your Grace inclofed, the Copy 
of a Letter from the Governor of the Havanna to 
the Governor of the Province of Carraccas, by 
which you will have Information of the Spanijh 
Admiral's Ship, the Invincible, being blown up in 
that Harbour. And by what I can gather from 
other Letters taken on board of her, I find Don 
Rodrigo de Torres^ the Spanijh Admiral, fail'd from 
Carthagena in the Sta Anna j and that they run that 
Ship aground on the Rocks, in their going into 
the Havanna, and had beat off Half her Keel, 
for which fhey had been oblig*d to careen her : 
That in the Invincible, a new Ship, built at the 
Havanna, and never at Sea, there were blown up 
four Millions of Pieces of Eight : That the Town 
was deferted by every Creature whilft the Ship 
was burning : That two Churches had been ex- 
tremely damag*d by the Blaft, and the Dome of , 
the Principal one muft be taken down to repair it: 
And that, in general, all the Doors that were left 
lock*d were found blown open, the Ship lying 
within Piftol Shot of the Walls of the Town. 
Some of our Letters from Jamaica mention, as 
Advices from Carthagena, that there was an Ac- " 
count there, that Admiral SpinoUy in the Europa, 

T that 

t 142 ] 
that went from the Havanna for La Vera Cruz to 
fetch Money from thence, was loft, either in his 
PafTage going, or Return : And other Letters on 
board the Augujia's, Prize, mention the Vice Roy 
of Mexkd*s being marched for La Vera Cruz, with 
a large Body of Militia, to prepare for our Re- 
ception thei*e. And I am perfwaded, whenever 
they can remit their Treafure, the Crown of Spain 
iffiW find fenfible Dedu6lions, from the great Ex- 
pences they have put themfelvcs to. Don Rodrigo 
de Torres had a narrow Elcape in his Boat, after 
he got from his Ship ; and ill Fortune foUow'd 
him in the next Ship that he hoifted his Flag on 
board of, which had her Main-maft carried away 
by a Clap of Thunder, in two Days after his 
icom'ing on board : So that the fuperftitious Spanijh 
Seamen are weary of him, as an unfortunate Com- 
mander. And fome Letters mention his ftarting 
up in his Sleep, and running out upon Deck, and 
crying out, the Ship is haunted. But you will ob- 
serve, the Spanijh General, Don Francifco de Guemes 
y Horcajitas, flurs all over as flightly as he can. 

Having Advice that the two Ships that got into 
Carthagena were ibon bound home, I difpatch'd 
the Defiance^ the cleaneft Ship I then had, to 
cruize for them, between the Grand Camainos and 
tape Corien'ies^ which I judge, in the North Seafor^ 
to be both the moil jirobable and the fecureft Sta- 
tion for her cruizing for them ; and the Augujia is 
preparing for the Sea, -for taking the Station to 
windward of Carthagena *, (for I have much Diffi- 
culty to patch up Cruiz^rs, . to fupply all the Sta- 
tions in which I am defirbus of cdrefufly watch- 
ing all the Enemy's Motions ;) and I have fent 
the i'ilbury to cruize upon all ' bound down the 
Old Bahama Ch.2i.x\nt\ : So that I think tfiey cannot 
well move any Way, but I will have a Chance for 


[ '43 1 

them, as long as I have Ships that c;;in keep the 

On the 1 8th in the Evening, the Chefter, that 
is cruizing off St. Ja^o, fent in a Snow here, that 
he met with off there, pretending to be bound to 
Miffijfippi : But Capt. Long having obferv*d therrv 
to be throwing Papers overboard, and fome Co- 
lours from the Staff, judg'd to be Spanifh^ had the 
good Fortune to pick up fome of the Letters, that 
were not funk with a Weight ; which gave plain 
Intimation of their being bound another Way, 
and having taken in their Cargo at St. Sebaftian^^ 
and Ferrol. That from Ferrol is all Quickfilver, 
brought aboard by the King of Spam's Officers, 
and ftow*d very carefully in the Hold, by Spanifh 
Carpenters brought on board by them for that Pur- 
pofe. And it appears further, fince Capt. Long*z 
lending him in here, that the beft Goods of the 
Cargo (as Gold and Silver Lace, Flanders Lace, 
and fuch like fine Goods) were taken on board at 
St. Sebajiian*s. And Mr. Daragory being faid to be 
the Merchant (who has lately been detefted of 
undertaking to convey Cloathing, Iron aqd Arms, 
for the Spanifh Seamen and Soldiers of Don Rodrigo 
de Torres'^ Squadron, when the Spanijh Papers anc} 
Pafs were all found concealed in a hollow Timber) 
That gave the ftrongeft Sufpicion that he was no\v 
attempting the like good Office for the King of 
Spain^ of conveying his Quickfilver to La Vera 
-Cruz for him. And tho*, probably, he has thrown 
into the Sea all his Spanijh Papers and his Pafs, 
yet there appears fufficient Evidence to prove it, 
even from his French ones.. And I fend your Grace 
inclofed a Copy of the Orders found upon Captain 
Behie^ commanding this Francois Snow, which fuf- 
ficiently prove the fame : But he having cramm'd 
it into his Fobb, fome Part of it was torn off 

T 2 and 

[ H4 ] 
and lofl:, which makes a Defeft in fome of the 
latter Articles \ but the Remaining appear plain 
enough. And there was found in a Tub of Salt, 
a Letter from Daragory^ to Claret the Supercargo, 
in which he mentions how the three thoufand and 
nine hundred Quintals of Quickfilver might eafily 
be ftow'd in three Veflels. It appears alfo that La 
Reine des Anges loaded her Part at Ferroly and 
faiPd before them ; and the St. Jean Baptiji they 
left behind at Ferrol, to take in her Part : And 
there having been three Wrecks fecn at Sea, in the 
late flormy Weather, by the Sheernefs^ and one of 
them a Snow ; as the Qiickfilver would make her 
very labourfome in the Sea, if fhe was catch^d in 
that Weather, La Reine des Anges might, as pro- 
bably as any other, be one of them : And I hope 
the St. Jean Baptiji may yet fall in the Way of 
fome of my Cruizers. Your Grace has, inclofed, 
the Copy of this Letter from Mr. Daragory to 
Claret the Supercargo. 

It is with Concern I am oblig'd to entertain your 
Grace with the widely different Sentiments of the 
Gentlemen of the Army and us ; which I think I 
cannot do with more Impartiality, than by fend- 
ing your Grace inclofed Copies of two Letters from 
Sir Chaloner Ogle and me, of the i6th and 19th of 
October, to General Wentworthy as our Advice to 
him in cafe of having any fudden Intelligence of a 
French War j all our Advices from Jamaica having 
mentioned fuch an Incident as feemingly unavoid^ 
able. Upon v/hich, he having thought prof>er to 
fend me, inclofed in a Letter of the 21ft, the Re- 
folutions of his Council of War of the fame Date, 
on his communicating to them a Part of the faid 
Letters , I laid their Refolutions before a Council 
of my Officers (as he had done a Part of our Letter 
befor? hisj) and fent him our Refolutions inclofed, 

' of 

[ HS ] 

of the 2 2d : In anfwer to which, he fent me in- 
clofed a Paper fign*d by them, of the 25th of Or- 
toher^ cali*d their Sentiments on our Opinion : Co- 
pies of all which come inclofed, for your fuller In- 

My Engineer, Lieutenant Innes of the Grafton, 
with her Seamen, has near compleated a very good 
Fafcine Battery, being four Sides of a Decagon^ with 
three Guns on each Side, defigned to be fupplied 
from the lower-deck Guns of two of our largeft 
Ships, which will be foifr thirty-two Pounders, and 
eight twenty-four Pounders. And the Timber and 
Plank is all cut here for the Platforms, and a great 
Part of it got to hand, all ready to be laid down : 
Which I delay a little for the firft Advices from 
your Grace i in order to judge, whether a French^ 2X 
might make it necefHiry to take other Meafures, or 
our having certain Advices of Succours being fent 
here, fhould make it proper to compleat it, for the 
Defence of this Harbour, For having the Stuff at 
hand, we can foon lay the Platform and mount 
the Cannon ; and fhould it be neceflliry to move, 
thefe Materials can be converted to the Ufe of the 
Wharf that we are making for the careening our 
Ships at Port Royal-, where fuch good Timber as 
we have cut here, is very fcarce to be got. So 
that there can neither be lofs of Time, or unne- 
cefTary Expence, whether they be converted to the 
one Ufe or the other. 

On the 25th of OSlober in the Evening came in 
here the Bonetta Sloop, with the long-wifli'd-for 
Difpatches from your Grace, of the 28 th o^ Auguft, 
And I cannot but be extremely fenfiblc of the great 
Honour done me by my Lords of die Regency, 
by their Approbation and good Opinion of my 
^eal for his Majefly's Service j which, to the bell 
gf my Ability, I ihall always, with Pjei\furc, con- 

[ 146 ] 

tinue diligently to txert^ k>v the Honour of our 
Royal Mafter and Prolperity of our Country 5 
both in regard to my Duty to his Majefty, and 
preferving that, good Opinion which my Lords of 
the Regency have fo highly honour'd me with. 

I order'd Capt. Lea to wait on General ^entworth 
very early the next Mcwning, with the Letters he 
had for him from your Grace and others j and I 
fent a Letter to him, in which I exprefs*d myfelf 
perfwaded, that when he had read over his Letters, 
he would be of Opinion with me, that a General 
Council of War lliould be held , which fhould be 
at any Time he fliould defire : And the Copy of 
my faid Letter comes inclofed. He fent me for 
Anfwcr, that Mr. Blakeney and he would be with me 
on Wedmjday Morning, the 28th ; when we met at 
a General Council of War accordingly, and we had 
read to us your Grace's Letters to Mr, pyeniw&rih 
and me of the 28th of Augvji, and a Letter from 
Mr. Couraud of the fame Date. And to give the 
Councl of War the beft Light I could, I took 
the Liberty of communicating to them likewife, 
two Letters I was honoured with from Sir Charles 
Wager ^ of the i8th and 2 2d cA Auguft \ and two 
Propofals that had been fent to hjm, the one from 
Captain Lea of the Bonetta, and the other from 
Mr. Daniel Campbell. And Captain Lea was called 
in, and examined before us i as was Capt. Rentone -, 
and Captain Allen^ who was lately return'd from 
New-Tvrk, where he had been to carry the General's 
Letters to the Governors of the Northern- Colo- 
nies ; and the Officers he had fent them by. We 
had then read his Majefly's lafl Inftru(5tions, of the 
joth of 7/y, 1740 : And as, by them, I was, with 
the Fleet, to be aiding and affifting to the Com- 
mander in Chief of the Land- Forces, in any En- 
terpnze this Council iljiould judge propereft to be 

undertaken \ 

[ '47 1 
undertaken -, I defired Mr. Wtnlwvrth would be 
pleafed to name which of the Places meiition*d ia 
the faid Inftructions he thought moft proper to bt 
attemptd, for our maturely deliberating upon it. 
To which he faid, he Was not prepar'd for that 
then, but defired We might adjourn to another 
Day, before we came to any final Determinations* 
And I defiring he would name the earliell Day he 
thought proper, he pitched upon SalMrday the 31ft 
of O^ober, and we adjourn*d the Council of War 
to that Day accordingly ; and after their favouring 
me with their Company at Dinner, we parted as 
we met, very civilly. 

On the 31ft of OSlohet the Council of War re* 
affetnbled, according to their Adjournment ; and 
Lieutenant Lowtirer w^ tailed in, and examined 
before us, Mr. Wentworth having defired liis At- 
tendance for that purpofe i as was likewife, after- 
wards. Captain Rentone^ an *xperienc*d Officer m 
thefe Seas. 

And having firft calmly delibefated -on feveral 
Propofak that Mr. Wenlworth d<;fired might -be 
Gonfidered, for landing on the Leeward Parts of this 
Ifland, Bayamo and 'Trinidado ; on their being lo, 
he declared himfelf fully iatisficd they were ill- 
grounded ami inipradicable. 

The Counc'l of War then proceeded regularly 
to take into Deliberation the "Several Places pro- 
pos*d to us, in his Majefty*s Inftru6lians of the 
roth of y^, 1740, in the Order therein diredbcd : 
And after maturely deliberating on tliem, the 
Council of War came to the uHanimousRefokitions 
that I have fent your Grace inclofed a Copy of, 
which, i hope, will aippear to be drawn cp -agree- 
able to the Direftions in your Grace's \ti\ Letter 
f the iM\ of iAiiguft laft. 


[ h8 ] 

And after their favouring me with their Corffi 
pany at Dinner, we parted very civilly as we met. 
It was a great Pleafure to me, that at the fame 
Time that I received your Grace's Letter of the 
28th of Auguji, I receiv'd one from Commodore 
Ledock, of the ift of September^ with the good 
News of his fafe Arrival, with the Squadron I had 
detach'd home under his Command. And I hear 
by the Return of Captain Allen from New~Torky 
that the leaky Bomb- Ketch got fafe to Bojion, where 
they can foon give her a new Bottom. 

As I know it to be proper for the unfheath'd 
Ships to be difpatch*d home,l immediately gave the 
necefTary Orders in it. And the Orford and Prince 
of Orange are failed from hence, for the necefTary 
refitting at Jamaica, and under Orders to proceed 
home with all poflfible Expedition, under the Com- 
mand of Capt. Davers in the Suffolk ; who is like- 
wife to take with him the Prince Frederick, Captain 
Bofcawen : The Dunkirk, Captain Cooper, who is in 
befl Condition for the Sea, is under Orders to go 
home Convoy to the Trade, or difcharged Tranf- 
ports, that fhall be ready to fail with him : And 
the Superbe, Captain Hervey, goes home Exprefs 
with our Letters to your Grace. So there are four 
ieventy-gun Ships, and two fixty-gun Ships, under 
immediate Orders for proceeding to England with 
all poffible Expedition. By my former Order to 
Jamaica, the tVeymouth and Jerfey were to be en- 
deavouring to careen by each other, and the Dept^ 
ford was obliged to be careened at the Wharf; 
(but *till my next Return from thence I cannot tell 
what they have been doing in purfuance of thefe 
Orders \) The Augujia is on a Cruize off Rio La 
Hacha ; and the Brijiol I am daily expedting up 
here with a Convoy homjamaica. And your Grace 
may. be afTured thefe five Sail fhall be ordered home 


[ H9 ] 
as they can be got in Condition for it, and, forcer- 
tain, to be at home in time to be refitted for next 
Summer's Service. 

I muft now proceed to ftate to your Grace what 
will be our remaining Force in thefe Seas i and 
what that under the Command of Don Rodrigo de 
Torres. Wz failed from Carthagena with twelve 
Sail of the Line of Battle, and found in the Ha- 
tjanna three Sail of Men of War of the Line, be- 
fides the Vizara of 60 Guns, that was at ha Vera 
Cruz : Which are, together, fixteen Sail of Men 
of War of the Line j and I take them to be full as^ 
good Ships, as the fix^en Sail that, it is faid^ will 
be left under my Command. Of this Number, he 
has certainly had one, the Invincible, blown up at 
the Havanna ; and he is faid to have had the Europa 
loft, between La Vera Cruz and the Havanna\ the 
Vizara damag*d, by running a-fhore at La Vera 
Cruz -, and the Sta Anna, in going into the Ha* 
vanna, which they were endeavouring to repair by 
careening. So that there are fourteen remaining, 
and of them two are damag'd, which they are en- 
deavouring to refit. And I have the Princefs Louifa, 
that, I am fure, can only be refitted for going 
home in the Summer ; and the Strafford, that they 
begin to think now, by her careening, may be 
made fit for Service again. 

So the certain Ships for Service, are twelve and 
twelve : And, as I apprehend, from the Numbers 
of fpare Seamen they had out of the Men of War 
and Galleons deftroy'd at Carthagena, they mult 
be infinitely better mann*d than my Ships. And 
when it comes to be confider'd, what different Ser- 
vices we have to employ them upon ; then, I fear, 
it will be found, the Superiority of Force will be 
very greatly on the Side of the Spaniflj Admiral, 
Don Rodrigo de Torres. 

U For 

t '5 i 

For my Orders being to cruize on their Trade, 
and cut off all Communication, as far as I can, 
between Old Spain and their American Dominions ; 
I have, for the prefent, Cruizers in fix fevera! 
Stations, fome of which are above two hundred 
Leagues afunder ; viz. One to windward of Rio 
La Hacha, for intercepting all coming from Old 
Spain for Carthagena or Forto Bello ; one between 
Cape Corientes and the Grand Camainos, for all 
coming for I^ Vera Cruz or the Havanna^ from 
Carihagena, or Porto Bello, or the Coaft of Car- 
raccas't one for intercepting all going down to the 
Havanna thro* the Old Bahama Channel on the 
North Side of Cuba ; one cruizing on the Enemy*s 
Privateers, and for tlie Protedtion of our Trade 
from the Northern Colonics, to windward of Port 
Franfois, where they have found Shelter and Pro- 
te(5lion -, one to the South Eafl of Poinf a Bacor, 
on the South Side of Hifpaniola, for protecting 
our Trade from England, and lying in the Way to 
meet the expcdled Succours, and to condu(5l them 
here > ^^ one to cruize off the Harbour's Mouth 
of St. Jago. And as fome mull be cleaning and 
refitting at Jamaica, your Grace will eafily per- 
ceive, that the Force remaining with my Brother 
Admiral and me muft be very fmall. If at Times 
we can have Seconds for us both, that will be the 
moll ; and we mull, I believe, be often but with 
five Sail of the Line between us. Whereas the 
Spanijh Admiral, never keeping his Ships a crui- 
zing, has his whole Force ready for proceeding 
together upon whatever he may have Orders to 
undertake : So that, till the promis*d Succours 
arrive, I think we may be faid to be much the 
.weak^. I am fure my Brother Admiral and I 
are heartily difpos*d to ferve his Majeity to the 
utmoft of our Power, with fucli Force as is put 


[ 151 ] 

under our Command : But as the F'leet, thus re- 
duced, will not require but one Admiral, I hope, 
if I weather the Winter out with it, I may reafon- 
ably expeft to receive your Grace's Orders to be 
coming home in the Spring of the Year ; cfpecially 
as his Majefty has fo cxperienc'd an Officer in 
thefe Seas as Sir Chalorter Ogky to take this Cofn- 
mand upon him. 

I have three twenty-gun Ships (if they can all 
be made fit for the Sea) and the Bonetta Sloop : 
Of which, the Experiment (clean'd here) and the 
Bonetta, are both defign'd to go on the Expedition 
for attempting the Settlement on Ratan Ifland ; 
and for Capt. Lea to fee what he can make of his 
Advices about the River DulcCy and Province of 
Guatimala : Which do not appear to us to be well 
founded, particularly as to any Infurredion having 
been amongft the Indians, and very far from any 
News of their continuing fo. But I will give him 
all the Opportunity he can defire, for colledbing 
any certain Evidence about it j and I think, that 
beginning with a Settlement at Ratan Uland, to 
collefl fome of the Mufquito Indians there, and 
fome of our Logwood- Cutters, would be the pro- 
pereft Foundation for undertaking any Enterprize 
that Way, whenever there fhould appear any En- 
couragement 'to it. And in my Opinion, nothing 
can be more neceflary for fecuring to us' the Log- 
wood Trade j of which, I can^ already perceive, 
the Dutch are going on apace to draw the principal 
Advantage to themfelves. For tho* they are the 
Subjects of his Majefty that tut it, they fell it to 
any that go to fetch it -, and the Dutch are greatly 
encreafing in their Traffick witli them, having 
here a large Dutch Ship that brought us Wine, 
that is going down to the Biy of Honduras, to 
buy a Loading of Logwood of our Logwood- 
U 2 Cutter?-, 


[ '52 ] 
Cutters, who account themfelves their own Mailer? 
at prefcnt, and fubjed: to no Government. But a 
Settlement at Ratan, prudently manag'd, I think, 
promifes fair for the only Means of fecuring us 
the Logwood Trade, and excluding other Nations 
from reaping the Fruit of the Labour of his Ma- 
jefty*s natural-born Subjedts. 

Colonel Goochj your Grace will have learn'd from 
your Letters by Commodore Lefiock, was returned 
to his Government, with the difcharg'd American 
Tranfports, that fail'd under his Convoy. And I 
believe your Grace will have heard from him, and 
on all Hands, that the American Forces have had 
nothing to complain of from the Sea, and have 
never exprefs'd themfelves dilTatisfied at being 
employed on board his Majefty's Ships. 

I think my Inclinations have been entirely coiix 
formable, to what, I believe, was the principal 
Motive of all the American Officers engaging in the 
Service, the Hopes of being fettled in the JVeft- 
JndieSy and in Cul^a preferably to all other Places, 
But I have heard fome of them rnentioning many 
Complaints they had to make of their Treatment 
in the Army , and of the Difcontent exprefs'd by 
fome of tht Europeans (as the Americans call'd them) 
that they were to expofe their Lives for procuring 
Settlements for the Americans. A jufl: Occafion of 
Offence, I fhall, as your Grace defires, be very 
cautious of ever giving them , and I hope that 
will never be elleem*d a juft Occafion of Offence, 
which they themfelves don't think fo. .-, ' 

As the Affairs of the Army are not my PrOMl 
vince, I have thought it my Duty to avoid men- 
tioning any Thing of them, but where Ncceffity 
and his Majefty's Service appear'd to me to r&^f 
guirc it. * ;^. 

[ '53 ] 

Captain Mayne, who now goes home Captain of 
the Orford^ being the only one of our Captains 
that ever was at St. JagOy your Grace from him 
may be beft inform'd as to the Entrance into the 
Harbour : And by this Occafion, 1 fend Sir Charles 
Wager (as a Sea Officer, mod capable of judging 
of what I have laid of it in my former Letters) %. 
Sketch of it, as drawn by Capt. TiurelL 

And if you think proper, your Grace may afk 

Captain Mayne^ with whom B r L r came 

a PafTenger in his Ship hither, whether he did not, 
at leveral Times in our Way up here, liear the faid 
Officer fay, the Army vjould not land in Cuba. 

And if he did not hear him fay, after the Ge- 
neral Council of War that v/as held on the 20th 
of July, which he was a Member of, that the 
Army would not move from their Encampment on the 
River Side. 

And if at other Times he had not faid, that the 
Spanijh Forces were better Soldiers than hjs Majejiy's 

Reports of fuch Difcourfes were, to me. Grounds 
of Sufpicion of fome form*d Cabal, that might 
even compel Mr. Wentworth to adt under their 
Direftion , though I do not pretend to point out 
who it was composM of. But I think, a principal 
Officer, throwing out Surmifes that have been verir. 
fied, muft know fomething of the Matter : And 
as it may be judg'd neceffary to be enquir*d into, 
I thought it my Duty to mention this to youi" 
Grace, as what may probably ferve as a Key to 
fuch an Enquiry. 

As to your Grace's compaffionate Concern for our 
fickMen, I mofl- heartily fympathize with you j and 
have already purfued your charitable Directions in the 
Affair, by having had Perfons confbantly employed 
in clearing our Ways up the ieveral Branches of thp 


[ '54 ] 
River that tny Ships water at -, which we find to have 
three Mouths, and in the Iflands formed by thofe 
Branches, have found Supplies for them, from the 
great Number of Cabbage-Trees they produce, and 
the feveral Grovfes of wild Oranges, which prove a 
moft feafonabie Relief in our prefent reigning Dif- 
temper of the Scurvy. And we get them likewife 
a Supply of frefh Fifh ; to which I have added a 
new Regulation, of fupplying Rice, in lieu of all 
Species of Salt Provifions, to thofe who have the 
Scurvy ; to endeavour at attaining to an Alteration 
in the Juices, by a total Difufe of Salt Provifions, 
while they are fo affedted. And We have, befides, 
erefted Huts, for conveniently lodging them a- 
Ihore, and their having the Smell of the Earth, and 
Opportunity of walking, by which they have man^ 
of them reaped great Benefit. I am perfwadcd, a 
Negleft of the Sick, or not giving them all the 
Relief in my Power, will never be laid to my 
Charge. I am. 

My Lord Buke, 

ioyne, in Cumherldnd ^'oUr Grace*S mojl 

Harbour,^.. Nov. Bevoted, and mdfi 

^' *"'^''' Obedient. Humble SefvmL 

E. V. 

A Letter from Mr. fVentworth coming to my 
Hands as I am clofing my Packets, I cannot omit 
adding a P.iragraph of it, aS a Poftfcript to my 
X-etter to your Grace. 

r " If the Sicknefs increafes two 6r three Days 
*' more, fo much as it has for a few Days paft, wfc 
*' mull neceffarily come on board the Tranfports, as 
" we fhall not have People to defend Our Cannon. 
" I will write to you more particularly on that head 
*' to-morrow." 

General Went'-jDorthh Difpatches come now under 
Cover with mine. 


[ 155 ] 

To General Wsntworth. 

I Have this Morning recciv*d your Letter of t^e, 
^di with the inclofed which I now return you ; 
and am heartily concern'd for the Account you. 
give me, of the encreafmg Sirknefs amongfl: your 
Troops. But as you mention it to be chiefly 
Agues, I imagine that may proceed from the ilidr. 
den Change of Air, on the Norths coming mi 
s^nd believe that will not prove a fatal Diflemper 
to them, though it may diiable them from Service 
for the prefent. 

The late Hears we have had, probably have put 
them into a Way of lying as cool as they could at 
Night, which muft now be carefully avoided, and 
Care taken for their lying warm in the Night, as a 
Guard againft the cool Air of the Norths. 

The Dire(5lions you have given for fupplying 
Mr. Z^w/J with Blacks, are fully fufficient, m my 
Apprehenfion, for anfwering all Services he men- 
tions in his Letter ; as none are properer to aflifl: 
in rowing of Boats, and they are as handy as any 
for over-hauling his Ordnance Stores. 

As to your Weaknefs in the Camp ; for Peribns 
to do Duty there, I will readily fpare you, froi^i 
our Capital Ships, all the Americans or Marines that 
we have fit for Duty, if you defire it. 

But choie Ships that are for Service in cruizing 
on the Sea, or preparing for Relief, are fo weak, 
they cannot be fpared from them : Nor could we 
venture at it from our Capital $hips, but that we. 
are near enough to you, to have a Supply upon 
any Emergency. Our Capita] Ships (which I am 
going to poll anew for the Defence of this Har- 
bour) arc but four; the two we have our Flag*, 
flying in, and the two feventy-gun Ships. And 
you know, the Security of the whole depends on 
our being in Condition to defend the Harbour : 


1 156] 

j^or which Purpofe I have erefled a good feattery for 
twelve Pieces of Cannon on the Point, and propbfe 
letting about erefting another upon Capt. Mayne's 
Ifland, and to lay my four Ships in a Line a little 
to windward of thofe two Batteries i which will be 
a pretty good Line of Fire. 

And as you know, befides thefe Works, I have 
the Protection of the River I water my Ships at, 
and cutting Timbef there for Platforms, on my 
Hands ; and very weakly-mann*d Ships befides, and 
my Men fickly too as your Troops are , there are 
no Seamen can be fpared from our Ships, which 
are upon the advanced Guard for the Security of 
the whole. 

^ For by a Schooner brought in Yefterday, that 
fliiled from the Havama five and twenty Days pad, 
it appears, that Don Rodrigo de Torres was then at 
the Havanna, with his powerful Squadron, all fi.tted 
and ready for the Sea. 

And you know. Sir, the Situation of both French 
and Spaniards in Europe ; and that they had powerful 
Squadrons ready for the Sea, that they may detach 
this Way. And whenever they come, though met 
by my Cruizers, I can have but very Ihort Notice 
' of them before they arrive ; fo that it is neceflary 
for the Security of your Army, as well as of his 
Majefty*s Ships, that I Ihouldbe kept in Condition, 
on my advanced Guard, to proted the whole. 
' And when I have faid this, I am perfwaded you 
will be thoroughly convinced, I have offered all in 
my Power for your maintaining yourfelf in your 
Camp ; which I look upon to be of the utmoft 
Importance to his Majefty*s Service-, and it might 
dtfeat the Succels of the cxpeded Succours, if it 
Ihould be abandon'd. I am, 


Soyne, in Cumberland Har- 2'our inofl Obedient^ 

"boor, ^c. AW. 4. 1741, Humble Servant, ^ 

E. V. 

[ 'J7 ] 

To General Wentworth. 

IHave the Favour of yours of the 5th ; which it 
gave me much Pleafure to receive, on finding 
you determined in your Opinion, for not quitting 
your prefent Poll while you have Men to maintain 
it , and that you had hopes, as the Diftempers 
your Men were feized with were principally Agues* 
that many of them will recover ; which Bedding, 
and otherwife contriving to have them lye warm in 
the Nights, will) I believe, greatly contribute to. 

And as, on Advice of aWar with France, it might 
be nceelTary to re-embark fpecdily, for making 
them a Vifit as foon as poffible i I fubmit it to 
you, whether it might not be proper for Mr. L s 
to be re-imbarking fome of his heavy Cannon, as 
that probably cannot be wanted for the Defence 
of the Camp , and indeed I never could well con- 
ceive why he landed it at all. 

Captain Rentone tells me, he has been to wait on 
you, as you defired, for Ihewing you the Road for 
coming to the Bay where he rides, from the 
Camp J which, he fays, migh*: eafily be made a 
very good Road, with a few Negroes. 

You may remember, Sir, I mention*d to you 
one Incident that might make it neceflary for the 
ipeedy embarking a Part of the Troops from 
thence, to aflift on board the Ships in the Defence 
of this Harbour j which was, the Enemy's fud- 
denly pufhing into this Harbour. For they would 
then lye, in Adtion with us, between the River 
your Tranfports ride in, and us, and ronfequently, 
cut off all Communication that Way j which would 
make it neceffary to fhip the Men off (for affifting 
us) from that Bay j from whence they would 
come fafely to us. 

X The 

[ 'S8] 

The Cbefter I Ihallfend for Jamaica on Monday^ 
fo you will be pleafed to fend your Letters in time 
to go by her : And Captain Long will have Orders 
to take under his Convoy all the difchargcd Tranf- 
ports that fhall be then ready to fail with him } 
And what cannot get ready to fail with him, Ihall 
be put under the Care of the next Ship I have oc- 
cafion to fend that Way. 

I fend you inclofed a Copy of the Intelligence 
Lieutenant Low/z&^r has picked up from theMafter 
of the Schooner, lately taken coming from the 
Havanna -, by which you will fee there is good Rea- 
fon for me to keep myfelf as ftrong as I can here, 
with regard to other Services injoined me. 

I took the Liberty, Sir, at our late Council of 
War, to fuggeft to you my Opinion, that in your 
prefent Condition, you are not to think of fending 
away either Officers or Men yet, for the Service of 
Recruiting j and I cannot but repeat to you. Sir, 
my Advice, for your fufpending it, at leafl, till tha 
Arrival of the Succours, or the next Advices from 
England , which I think mofl for his Majefty*s 
Service. And I will anfwer for it, they will get 
to England near as foon, if not fooner, than by 
your fending them away in the Tranfports now ; 
as I fhall keep one of the befl unfheath'd Ships, for 
going diredly with them. 

As to the Memorial to you from the Wine-Sut- 
kr, I do not look upon him to be within my Pro- 
mife of Proteftion to thofe that come with Supplies 
6f Provifions ; as that is fuch, that the Men's Healths 
would be better prefcrved without it : Particularly, 
his four Cargo, which has occafioned his lying here 
fo long, is not fit to be drunk. And I hope you 
will believe me. Sir, that if tliere had been any 
Reafon on his Side, I fhould have hearkened to it. 

I was 

f '59 ] 

I was concern'd to hear of Mr. Blakeney's being 
out of order ; and heartily wifh for his fpeedy Re- 
covery, and for your Continuance in good Health, 
which it has pieafed God fo wonderfully to blels 
us both with. I am, 


Boyne, in Cumherlmd ToWT fHoft Obedient^ 

Harbour, ^c Hwnble Servant, 

^ov. 6, 1 741. E V 

Txi General Wentworth. 

UPON the Receipt of your Letter, with the 
inclofed Refolutions of your Council of War, 
and Opinion of your Surgeons, and the Letters 
from Mr. Wallace relative thereto, fent me by Mr. 
Wallace by your order ; 

I could not but think it of Confequence to his 
Majefty*s Service, immediately to advife with Sir 
Chaloner Ogle upen them. 

And we cannot but exprels ourfelves under a 
hearty Concern, for your finding yourfelves under 
a Neceflity of leaving the advantageous Poll you 
are incamp'd in ; as we fear, on Refolutions coming 
to be taken for returning to it again, it may coft 
fome Men's JJves to regain it. 

You, Sir, I find, think, that according to the 
Advices I fent you, it may not be improbable, that 
Don Rodrigo de 'Torres may think of moving this 
Way j and that we ought to be putting ourfelves 
in a Condition to receive him ; which is what we 
always had in View, and we are now new-pofting 
our Ships for that purpofe. For which Services, 
and the many others we have (upon thefe Advices 
from you) to be making Provifion in, it is im- 
poflible for us to be fparing any of oirr few Long- 
X 2 boats 

[ .60 ] 

boats to be upon Service in the Re-imbarking ycur 
Cannon and Baggage : And we are clearly of Opi-. 
nion, you can have no Occafion for them, as the 
Longboats, and other Boats from your Tranfports, 
are more than fufficient for that Pqrpofe. And 
that you may not want their Service, we cannot 
but ahfolutely advife, that no Tranfports fhould 
come out of the River 'till your Cannon and 
Baggage is all re-embark'd ; which may be done, 
(under the Direction of a prudent Officer, and 
with the Affiftance of the Blacks to Man the Boats 
of thofe that are weakly-handed) in a very fhort 

And for the Diftribution of your well Men on 
board our Ships, to aflift in the Defence of them, 
we cannot but heartily agree with you in the Ne- 
ceffity there may be for it ; but think that Difpo- 
fition can be more properly made at a Leifure 
Time for it, when the Tranfports have brought 
them all out into the Bay. 

So muft beg Leave to repeat our former Opinion 
given you, that after the Re-embarkation of your 
Cannon and Baggage, it would be proper for all 
your well Men to be referv'd for your Rear-Guard, 
and to march together in a Body dired:ly on board 
fuch Tranfports as are referv^d for them ; which 
will be but the Work of a few Hours. And we 
believe you will agree with us, the well Men mufl 
necefTarily be referv'd for fuch Service, for the 
Security of the whole. 

If you think the Affiftance of one of our Officers 
may be neceffary to you, for tlie prudent Direflion 
of the whole, we fhall be ready to fend you one, 
on your defiring it. But in fuch Cafe, we hope 
he will have a full Authority from you over all 
the Officers of the Train, and others neceffary to 


[ '6. ] 

be employ'd in it ; or elfe, their Cavils may dift 
appoint the whole. 

We thank you for the Direftions you have given 
to the Tranfports, for receiving our Lumber, to 
clear our Ships for Service. As the Chefier muft 
fail to-morrow, for carrying the neceflary Orders to 
be fent to Jamaica for ftrengthening ourfelves all 
we can, we hope what Letters you may have for 
Jamaica will be down by to-morrow Noon. We 


Boyne, Cumberland Xour mofi Obedient, 

Harbour, lc. Humbk Servants, 

Nov. 8, 1741. T? 17- 

'^ L. VERNON, 

C. Ogle. 

'To General Wentworth. 

THIS Morning having brought in here Capt. 
Perez, in a large Canoe, with nSpaniJkFhgof 
Truce, from St.Jago ; fwhich Captain Perez was, 
fomeTime fmce, fent from hence by Capt. Mofiyn, 
with your Approbation, and at the Governor of 
St. Jago*s Rcqueft, in Part of the Exchange for 
the fixty-four Englijh Prifoners he had releas*d :) 

We thought it proper, immediately to difpatch 
Capt. Rentone to you, who was the Tranflator of 
the faid Letter, with a Copy of his Tranflation 
of it. 

And as one feeming Part of the faid Letter, is 
for procuring Wine for his own Table, we hav^ 
judg'd, that (with your Approbation) the beft Way 
of anfwering to that would be, to fend him a Pipe 
of Wine for a Prefent, for the Ufe of his own 
Table ; and to defire him, that he would permit 
their Hunters to bring us in fome Beeves, for the 


[ l62 ] 

Ufe of our Tables ; which we fhall honourably pay 
them for to their Satisfaftion ; and fhall be proud 
to pleafure him with another Pipe of Wine, when- 
ever he will favour us with letting us know it would 
be agreeable to him r And to avoid faying any 
Thing to that Part of his Letter, where he defir'd 
a PafTport for the French Colonies. 

But in regard to Exchange of Prifoners, to let 
him know, we have an equal Regard to all who are 
our Royal Mailer's Subjeds -, and fhall willingly 
accept thofe taken by his Excellency Don Rodrigo 
de Torres in his PalTage here, in the Exchange s 
and that when they will lend us their Numbers, and 
name a Place for the Exchange, we fhall be ready 
to facilitate it all in our Power. 

We are glad to hear you find your Officers fuf- 
ficiently experienc*d for direfting the fhipping off 
your Cannon ; and the Orders are given, as you 
defir'd, for preventing any of the Tranfports 
coming out of the River, till alF your Cannon and 
Baggage are re-embark*d ; and the very flopping 
the Tranfports, mention*d in Mr. lVaUace*s Letter 
to have been difcharg'd, is, of itfelf, a larger 
Supply of Boats, than we have for all the various 
Ufes we have to apply them upon. We are, 


Cumherland, m Qtmhsrland Har- jr^^^ ^a QJ^edient, 
hour (formeny call d Walthe' u ij c. 4. 

nam) on thJ South Side of ^^^^ Servams, 

Cuba, Nov. lO, 1741. E. VERNON, 

C Oglx. 

P. S. We fliatl be glad to know your Sentiments 
by the Return of Captain Rentone, 


[ i63 ] 

To General Wentworth," 

IReceiv'd yours of the loth laft Night by Lieiit. 
JVilliams ; and but juft before had an Account 
from our Agent, Mr. Maynard, of fifty fick Men 
being fcnt on board the St. Elizabeth^ one of the 
Tranfports you had allotted us for bringing our 
Provifions fromjamaica, which we have not yet been 
able to clear. So that thefe Men are come to a 
Ship without any Provifions on board, and lying 
the fartheft diftant from the Camp , tho* I had 
requefted the Favour of you (for giving the Dif^ 
patch you defire) that you would be pleas'd to 
put all your Men, for the prefent, on board the 
many empty Tranfpoits you have in the River, to 
be brought out into this Harbour in them : Where 
they can be afterwards, at Leifure, fhifted into the 
Dorfetjhire, Margaret, and St. Elizabeth^ that arc 
riding here ; two with the Provifions for our Ships, 
and the Dorfetjhire with all the Spanijh Prifoners, 
which I have collefted there, on the Petition of all 
the Matters of the Tranfports and Storefhips, to 
enable them to fail their Ships when you have 
embark*d your Forces : And they are there at their 
joint Requett and Mr. ff^allace*B. And therefore, 
for God*s Sake, let me defire you to prevent your 
Officers from committing fuch Irregularities, artd 
a6ting fo inconfiderately, as to throw all Things 
into Confufion, and to occafion unnecefTary Delays, 
by fending Men fuch a Diflanceoff to Ships not yet 
ready to receive them, when they have fuch a Num- 
ber of Ships at hand, that would greatly facilitate 

I have put two of our Longboats (tho* we can ill 
fpare them, and, I am farisfied, under prudent Ma* 
nagement you could not want them) under the 
Orders of Capt. Renione, that he may give the ne- 


[ i64 ] 

ceiTary Direcbions with them for getting off your 
Cannon , and he will readily give you his Advice in 
any Thing you defire, being a prudent and ex- 
perience Officer. 

I fear Part of this Confufion and Delay is owing 

to your M yL s : For by my Obfervations, 

and my Accounts of his Proceedings, I am fatisfied, 
that if his Majefty had lock'd him up in the 
Tower, the Service had been better carried on, 
and there had been much lefs Wafte and Lofs of 

. I have ftrengtheh*d the Flotilla by a Detachment 
of Soldiers, and fhall take care to get our Provi- 
fions out of your two Tranfports as fall as I can. 
I am, 

, SIR, 

Boyne, Cumberland Xour mofi Obedient^ 

Harbour, ^c. Uumhk Servant, 

Nov. II, I74I. y 

To Capt. Forrest, of the Alderncy Bomb. 

FOR the better fecuring the Re-embarkation of 
the Forces from the Camp j 
You are hereby required and direded, to receive 
on board his Majefty's Bomb-Veffel the Alderney 
(under your Command) from the A^^/, a Lieutenant, 
two Serjeants, two Corporals, a Drummer, and 
twenty-four private Men, belonging to Colonel 
Cooch's Regiment, and bear them for Viduals only 
while they continue on board! For, (^c. 

Given on board the Boyne, in Cumberland Har- 
bour (formerly call'd JValthenam) on the South 
Side of Cuka^ this loth of November, 1741. 

E, K 


[ '6s ] 

rA'j ^^' '':' i' JC3L<.-r'5 -di hr.rj. :r- 
\7'OU are hereby required and directed, to take 

^ the Command of the Flotilla upon yoii, fof, 
covering the Tranfports, and preventing all Sur-/r 
prizes in the River. And 1 have likewife order^cj, 
the Boyne*s Longboat, and the Qmkr land's, witly> 
an eight-oar*d.Boat, and a Lieutenant to each, to' 
be attendant on your Orders^' for the fafe ancl^ 
Ipecdy Re-enibarkation of the Cannon, fince the- 
General is determin*d to leave his Camp. You ^re 
likewife to give General PFentworib your beft Ad-*" 
vice and Afliftance,- in every Thing where he ihallj 
defire it of you..;^",;.:cy ,.; ,^ ^rj ^,,1;^^ 
Thefe Boats are to be c3X^\cfor under your 
Diredion only, I having fumcieritly experiehq'd 
How improper M- r L j is to give OrderS: 
in "any Thing regularly : And, by your Judgement, 
^d Experiences you will fupply all you find fur-* 
ther necelfary for his Majefty's Service. For, C^<r. j^ 
Given under my Hand, on board his Majefty's^ 
Ship the Boyfje, in, Qumbsrland Harbour, Cuba^ thi^. 
iith.of JVow/w^^r,. 174^,,,/,. ^; kfj , V 


To Captain C h a i^ b e R Sj af the Montague. . 

\X7Hereas it appear d by the V lew you took with 
'^ me Yefterday (m our going up the River 
Boyne as high as the Stone Quarries, and afterwards' 
taking the Tour by Land from the Hills above the 
Stone Quarries, down into the great Salina^ and 
then to the River, by our Saw-Pit j) ' 

That as the Redoubt we have built for theipfe-^ 
fence of the Watering, is uponan Ifland, made by 
the River*s branching out into two different Chan- 

Y - nels 

t i66] 

ncls befides that our Boats Water at (which makes 
not only that Land th^ Redoubt is built upon, an 
Ifland, but two more Ifknds are formed above it :) 
And as the Enemy have no Canoes, or Craft of any 
Hind, on that River, I think there is little Appre- 
henfion that they can come to attack it on the Ifland 
Side ; and by what we coujd obferve, I do not fee 
they can have any Acqefs to it but by the Way 
cut by us to the Salimi. which is none of the 
beft : I do not fee but we may continue waterings 
0\jr Ships fafely there as long as fliall be founds 
cpnvenient, notwithftanding the Army's having 
judg'd it abfolutely neceflary for them to reimbark 
from their Camp on the River Augujlay by reafon 
of the encreafing Sicknefs amongft them. 

you are, therefore, hereby required and direfted,^ 
to take upon you the Commijiid of all the Ships, 
and Veflels in the upper Harbour, for the better 
guarding and protedting our watering the Fleet and 
Tranfports at the fajd River. And you will take 
Care to enlarge your Garrifon in the faid Redoubt^ 
to as many as can be conveniently lodged in the 
f^d Redoubt ; and if you can have Provifion made 
within it for lodging twenty Soldiers, befides a 
Gunner's Mate and feven Seamen, for the Manage- 
ment of the Pattereroes mounted there, it would 
be well to have a Lieutenant of Soldiers pofted 
to command in the Redoubt. But if, by reafon oj 
the Straitnefs of it, there be no proper AccomtOQr 
(Jation for a Commiffioo Officer there, then a Lieu- 
tenant of Soldiers and ten M.en may lye at handf 
on board the Sloop at the Mouth of the Rrver^ 
for his being carried up by the large Canoe, to- 
thi;QW himfelf into the Redoubt, and taJjLe the Com- 
mand, on the firfl Alarm. 

And you will, with all convenient fpeed, be 
^tting a Way from the Back of the Fort, to the 


[ '6/ i 

peareft commodious PJace for a Landing in tli* 
Bay without the River's Mouth, for your fending 
Succours to them that way ftom the Shipsj upon 
the firft Alarm being mide of an Enemy's Ap- 

You will continue a Guard-Boat, with an Of- 
Hcer to command and regulate every Thing, daily 
at the Watering Place ; and order that no Boats 
come to water in the River but in the Day Time, 
and none be permitted to go above the Guard- Boaf, 
but fuch little Dories, as, by your Allowance, may 
^o for the hiorc convenleht procuring Cabbage, 
or Oranges, for our fick Men : And the Officer 
commanding the Guard-Boat, is to fee all Boats^ 
out of the Rivet- by Night. bc\j: ' - .^^>^fh 
For as no Encfchy can well crofs theRivcriri tfte 
Night without Boats, and as they have none tff 
their own, you muft be (Careful we do nbt aflift 
thtirh with any ; and mjr Mafter, who comtrtands 
on board the Sloop at the River's Mouth, has my 
Orders to be aflifting to you with his Men, in cut- 
ting the Way to the Harboiir on the Back of the 

And all who have occafioil for cutting Wood for 
their Firing, muft be appointed to cut it only on 
the Fort Side of the River. And you will permit no 
Perfons to go on the other Side of the River, that 
they may hot be in the Way of being fut-|)riied. 

And when the Tranfports Boats may coirift to 
Water there, ill Boats are to be ordered to bring 
fome Arms with them, for their Defence; and 
no one to be permitted to ramble from thehf; 
that all poflible Difpatch may bfc gi^^en to what 
they come about (watering their Ship.) And yob 
will, frwn your own Experience and Obfervation^ 
add fuch further Orders and Provifions as you lliall 
judge ncceflary for the main End, of protedling 

Y 2 and 

^aid fccuring our fafe watering our-Ships from tho 
Hiver Boyne. For, ^c. ' 

i^ Given on board the Boyne ^ in Cumberland Har- 
h^viv^ Cuba, this 13th of November, 1741. - 

.^,r- ^: ' . - T 

r To Captain RiUT 0^2, of iheRippon. 

HAving put the Flotilla under your Command, 
I defire, when any of the Tranfports have 
taken on board their Troops, and what elfe they 
are to receive, and the General has no further Oc- 
cafion to detain them for the Ufe of their Boats ^ 
that you will fend the necefTary Orders to Captain 
Pellat, to let them pafs into the Bay. And I would 
have you acquaint the General with thefe Orders 
:?that I have fent you. For, t^c. , - 

Given on board the Boyne, in Cumberland Har* 
hour, i^c. this 13th oi November, 1741. 

.1 :.;:/..,- E. V. 

Memorandum;' :Be pleafed to let the General 
know, that the Henrietta and St. Elizabeth Tranf^ 
ports are quite cleared four Provifiohs. - 

To. Mr. D E L A M o T T E, Majier of his Majefiyh 
4.'. Ship the Boyne, now Commanding Officer on board 
the Sloop Tender at the IVateriug P. lace. 
By, (^c. -.-oT ,.] : . ; .. . 

."V7" O U are hereby required and direfted, to obey. 
- all fuch Orders as you fhall receive from Capt. 
.Chambers of the Montague, to whofe Care I have 
.committed the fecuring our fafe watering our Ships 
on the RivtrjB(?j^. 



i. And befides the Cofiimunication you have cut, 
for landing Men to fuccour the Redoubt from the 
Bay, in cafe of any Enemies appearing to moleft 
'US J you will cut another Communication from the 
Redoubt, to fome convenient Place a little within 
-the Entrance of the River, for the fpeedier fuccour- 
ing it from the Tender Sloop you are pofted in. *?! 
' And in fending your Dory up the River, for cut- 
ting Cabbage or procuring Oranges for our fick 
Men, order them not to frequent that Side of the 
River next the Salinas but to procure them in the 
Iflands lying above rfie Ifland the Redoubt is on, 
if they can. 

And you will moor your Sloop as near as you 
,can to the Mouth of the River, for the greater 
Security of maintaining our Watering. For, i^c. 

Given on board the Boyne, in Cumberland Harr 
bout, Cuba^ this i^th of November, 1741. :'' 

;nr;oi;r :hvj\f ';"V '^r. 

. . . .( . Vff I . 

To GefteralW E KT wo SiTn,:"y^' 

SIR, . . .; .' -{> 

I Have this Afternoon received your*s of this Day's 
Date, with a hearty Concern for the encreafing 
:Sicknefs you complain of amongft your Forces. 
.And. for the fending all fuch as you judge may 
inquire being fent, to your Hofpital at Porl Royal, 
for their Recovery, I will take Care a Convoy fhall 
be ready to proceed with the Ti:anfports, with the 
fick Men, on any Day you fhall defire ; and I think, 
the fooner the bettcc, as they cannot want much 
Water to carry them to yfZ7/7tf/V<?. ;^ 

And I prefume you' will, at the fame Time, fend 
the two hundred and forty-four Officers and Men, 
mentioned to be defign'd to be fent home for the 
Service of Recruiting ; and I liavc prepared Oruerx 


[ 170 ] 
for Captain Trevor^ to diftribute oil the Subalferns 
and private Men of that Number into the three 
fixty-gun Ships going home, for their fpecdier 
Arrival there, and enabling you to eafe the Crown 
of the great Burthen of more Tranfports than are 
neceffary, and for the better Defence of his Ma^. 
jefty*s Ships, who go home very weakly-handed. 

I believe. Sir, you may remember, it was your 
<)wn Propofal, to have ftrengthen*d his Majefty*s 
Ships here with five hundred Men from the Forces 
under your Command, and to have let all the 
Tranfports go for Jamaica ; but the next Time 
you mention'd it, you thought they would not 
amount to three hundred and fifty. Whatever 
they are, I cannot but freely give you my Opinion, 
That would be the beft Difpofition of all your 
Forces in Condition for Duty, for his Majefty's 
Service v and to difpatch the Tranfports away 
with all the reft, under fuch Orders to Mr. Guife 
as you think proper. 

And my Reafons for it are, that your well Men 
would put die Squadron of his Majefl:y*s Ships in 
the beft Condition we could, for going to meet the 
Reinforcement faid to be in their Way hither, and 
for being in a Readinefs to ad with them^ agree- 
able to fuch Inftrj6tions as his Majefly fhall feild 
out by them. You have already experienc'd, 
that Delay is the Ruin of all fVeJi-India Expe- 
ditions : Whereas, by meeting them on the South 
Side of Hifpaniolay wc Ihall be ready to enter upoii 
immediate Adion againil the French, if a Wat* 
ihould break out with them ; or mdy move off 
direftly for Carthagma, if his Majefty's Orders 
ihoukl diretft us thither, as has been rum6ur*d; 

And if thefe Troops, as is to be prefum'dy ihould 
be order*d under your Command, who are a prinw 
cipal Perfbn of. the Council to direft their Pro- 
'-^ ceedmgs \ 

[ '7 ] 

cccdings^ how fatal would it he ta his Majcfily's 
Service, to have y(xi ahfent ! I cannot, therehore^ 
but abfoluteiy give my Opinion againft your going 
tcyjamaka^ as of the moft fatal Conieijuenqj- &a 
'his Majefty's Service. lOfnif-^j Mrj<^ 

If you defire a Council (^ War (agreeable to \i^ 
Majefty*s Inftructions) of the four principal Offi- 
c^ers, maturely to deliberate on this. Point, I will 
call one any Day yow defire it, I; am, ^ . -v 

pro *ij 

Uoynf, in a,^/W Harboor ^-Qur moft Obedtenf^M 

on the South Side of Cubi ^^^^ Servant^" 

Nov. 23, 1 74 1. Er V,- 

Tff General W en t w o it t ! .t*?' tofe*'ri 

I Have receiv'd the Favour of yiotnr Later of thii 
Morning ; and cannot but exprefs my hearty 
Coocern for the melancholy Account you give of 
the Sicknefs amongft your Forces. And t cannoc 
but be the more uneafy, that yxm declare, you arc 
quite difablcd from giving his: Msgefty's Ships any 
manner of Afliftance. 

But I anv forry to be oblig'd to add, I am very? 
fer ftom agreeing with you, in^ the Necefllty for 
your going to Jamaica', for I apprehend, your Di- 
re^ions for the Care of the Side, may very well 
bp executed by thofe you fend your Orders to for 
it , as you have with you now the Diredoc of youc 
Hofpital, and have Mr. Guifi at Japuika, to iec aU 
your Orders put in due Execution. 

And tho* no Part of your prefent Army may be 
dcem'd by you in Condition to (bay, and aA under 
your Orders ; yet, as there is a frefti Array coming 
Out, which, it is to be prefiHnfd, will bring with 
them all proper Officers to command the Forces 


[ *72 ] 

^nder you,- and a Supply of Ordnance Stores too ;. 
^.cartnoc, from the' Reafons. mentioned in my Let^. 
ten to you yefterday, but continue to be of Opi-' 
nion^ that it is moft for his Ma)efty*s Service you 
fliould continue with the Fleet, 'till we ^eet either 
the Forces, . or other Orders from his Majefty. 
For the Reafons therein mention'd appeal" unan- 
fwerable to 'ftie:, ' that for want of your Prefence, 
who may be prefum'd to be a principal Director ia ' 
their Operations, the Opportunities of doing his 
Majefty the tnoft effcftual Sei-vices may be entirely 
fruftrated. And if you think, it, therefore, proper, 
td'take the Opinion of the Council of War, whether 
you ought to go to Jamaica, or continue with the 
Fleet, with fuc'h of your Forces as are in Condition 
to a6t under your Orders ;", fiich a Council of the 
four principal Officers (agreeable to his Majefty's 
Inftrudions) "fhall be fummon*d, whenever yotf 

But if you remain determin'd on going to Ja- 
maica, I can only fay, I am forry for it, and can- 
not give any Countenance by an Order under; ^ 
my Hand : But, without that. Captain Broderick^ . 
who will command the Convoy, I am fure, will 
give you the beft Accommodation he can. 
.J And as we are fo reduced ourfelves, and at no 
Certainty what Force we may meet with, I can 
fpare no Seamen to either Tranfports or Storelhips> 
for going to Jamaica\ who cannot want working 
Hands for carrying them thither, from the Soldiers "* 
on board, and the Blacks you have aflifted them 
with ; befides near two hundred Spanijh Prifoners, 
that I have fupplied them with, even when their 
Afllftance was much wanted for his Majefty*s Ships 
gping home. , , 

ii But if you don't think you can fpare us any 
Soldiers, I hope, at leaft, you will affift us with 

[ 173 ] 

the three hundred Blacks that yoii have not wanted 
to diftribute to theTranfports and Storefhips, who 
may be materially neceflary to ad: witJi the Army 
expeded : And I arh the more inclin*d to defire^ 
it, as I have received an Intimation, that it will 
not be eafy to procure the Return of any Blacks 
to the publick -Service, after their once getting 
back to Jamaka, 

Tho* his Grace the Dxjk.t oi Newcajile fays, in 
his Letter^ the Reinforcement is ordered for Ja^ 
maica 5 yet I am pcrfwaded you will agree with 
me, that in cafe of a French War, or even Orders 
for the attacking Carthagena^ it would be moll for 
his Majefty*s Service that we Ihould meet the faid 
Reinforcement on the South Side of Hifpaniola, 
for entering upon immediate Adion with them. 

I am heartily concern*d for our different Sen- 
timents : But I fhould think myfelf ill to deferve 
that Confidence his Majefly has placed in me, -if 
I did not give my Opinion clearly, on this Oc- 
cafionj of what I judge mbft for his Majefty's 
Service. lam,,. . . : ^ . 

Boj>ne,i^c. Uov.'zJ^, \j\\. Tourmoft Ohedieni^ <,i 

.: -ij . . . . Hitmble Servant^ "* 

. .;. .V':>.--Ji5 . :.> r:/:u. / E. V. 

p. S. I fend you inclofed a Copy of a Letter 

from the Governor of St. Jago^ which I received 

this Morning^ by Captain Perez. . ' / 

E, V, 

To his Grace the Duke c/ N ***** *. 
'; My Lord Dukey ' ' .? 

MY laft Letter to your Grace was of the 3d of 
November^ irom Cumberlad Harbour, by the 
5^^r^^, Captain Hervey {d, Duplicate of which ac- 
Z companies 

t m- ] 

ciompanles^thisj) which I concluded with A Para- 
graph of" a Letter I that Day receivM from 
General fVentworth^ which might fcrve as a Pre- 
lude to what has fincc happen'd. Of which being 
fomewhat apprchenfive, I wrote hipi the Letter 
ci the 4th (which yoUr Grace has, inclofcd, a Copy 
of;) and upon receiving from him the Refolutions 
of his Council of War of the 7th, I immediately 
took them into rtiature Confideration, with Sir 
Chaloner Ogle ; and we wrote him a joint Letter of 
the 8th (both which your Grace has, inclofed. 
Copies of) that nothing might be wanting on our 
Parts, to prevent an Incident fo contrary to the 
Rcfolurions of our late General Council of War. 

On the loth Captain Perez (mention'd in my 
former Letters) arriv'd here in a Canoe, with a 
Flag of Truce, and with a Letter to me from the 

I Governor of St. Jago (which I fend your Grace in- 
dofed a Copy of, as likewife of the joint Letter to 
General Wentworth^ from Sir Chaloner Ogle and me^ 
of the fame Day, indofing the faid Letter to him, 

and defiring his Opinion on it.) And oh the nth 

r I difpatch'd Captain Perez back, with my Anfwer 
to the Governor of St. Jago (that I fend your 
Grace inclofed a Copy of j ) chufing rather to 

. make him a Prefent, than open a Correfpondence 
Jbr him with our Neighbours, which, I apprehend, 
was in gi^at Part his View. And I fend your Grace 
likewife, inclofed, a C^y of lueh Intelhgcnce as 
Mr. }iogers procur'd from the Spaniards that came 
with the Flag of Truce, Mr. Rogers (whom I 
have made a Purfer) having formerly refided at 
St. Jago. 

Finding Mr. Wentworth determine to rtioVse, I 
^ent the next Morning early as high up the Rivdr 
Boyne, as my People as yet had been able to clear theh- 
Way, ivhich R^ht be about three Leagues ; and 


r '75 ] 

then afcending the Hills by the Stone Quarries, I 
took a Tour round by Land, for forming the beft 
Difpofition I cpuld for fecuring our watering our 
Ships at theRiverjBijyz^^nQtwithftandingthe Army'^ 
having judg'd it neceffary to abandon their Camp 
on the River Augufta : And I fend your Grace in- 
elofed a Plan of my Difpofition, in a Copy of the 
Orders given to Captain CbamberSy whom I took 
to accompany me in that View. I had before fent 
a Reinforcement to ftrengthen the Flotilla, for 
fecuring their Retreat ; and fent Captain Rentonc 
up to command the Flotilla, for their more re- 
gular and orderly Proceeding. 

All the Cannon, Baggage, Provifions, and fick 
Men, being embark'd, on Monday the i6th in the 
Morning we difcern'd the Hutts of the Camp to 
be on Fire, Mr. Wentworth having that Morning 
march'd down with his remaining well Men, and 
embark'd himfelf that Night on board his Ma- 
jefty's Ship the Graf ion ; Cape. Renione remaining 
with the Flotilla under his Command, for taking 
Care of the orderly getting out of the Traniports 
from the River into the Harbour; which, by the 
Afliftance of the Captains of n^y Flotilla, and 
Mr. Wallace the Agent for the Tranfports (an 
aftive diligent Officer) was effeded gradually by 
Friday the 20th ; all being then got out but my 
Flotilla under Captain Rentone^ which remain'd to 
clofe the Rear, neither Army nor Tranfports ha- 
ving had a fmgle Shot fired at them by any on : 
And on Saturday the 21ft the Flotilla came out 
into the Harbour without any Interruption. 

I am in daily Expectation of hearing again from 
your Grace. But the governing Maxims of the 
Council of General Officers, againft Forces march- 
ing into a woody Country ('which fome ha-ve ex- 
tended even fo far, a J to fay, th^-t JVoods Jhotild he 
Z 2 ckar\i 

[ '76 ] 

"ilear^d for. the March of an Army^ ' even ley on^Mufkn 
Shoi of them) cuts o?i all Hopes of Hicceeding in 
.an Expedition in thefe Counrries , which cannot 
but give me great Uneafmefs. For unlefs other 
Maxims are ellablifli*d, there is no Profpe6l of 
Succefs in any Land Expeditions in the Spanifh 
Territories, which, under fuch Maxims, muft be 
deemed only burthenfome and unneceflary. 
I Had the great 7//j C^Ar ever harbour*d fuch 
Maxims for his Government, I am perfwaded he 
had never conquer'd Britain. Or had the great 
Duke of Marlborcugh, the renown'd General of 

lour Age, entertain*d any fuch Maxims, he never 
could have march*d the Confederate Army into 
Germany, and preferv*d the Empire, or have 
fought the glorious Battle of Malpiaquet. Which 
makes me hope, if thefe Forces do come, it will 

JJbe under the Condud of Officers that will govern 
themfelves by Maxims fuited to a Country in tht 

.State of Nature ; or that the Refolution for fend- 

,ing them will have been alterM : For under thefe 
Maxims, they are not only unferviceable them- 

Jklvts, but a Clog to the Proceedings of a Fleet. 

I;,. The Tilbury^ in her Cruize, having taken -a- 
Spanifn Schooner that came from the Havanna 
about the 12 th o^OUoher, the Mailer of her re- 
ports, that Don Rodrigo de Torres was then there 

- with thirteen Sail of Men of War, eleven of them 
of the Line of Battle i and that they had in each 
Ship between fix and feven hundred Men, all 

feady for the Sea, expefting Orders every Day. 

. The nextThings in Courfe to inform your Grace 

of, are two Letters from General Wentworth to 

.mc, on the 23d and 24th o^ November, with my 

Anfwers to them of the fam^ Dates ; which con- 

taining the Reafons of our different Sentiments, 
., f^ii^Il be humbly fubmitted tq the Judgement of 


[ ^77 ] 

our Royal Mafter , and come here inclofed to 
your Grace, together with a Copy of Mr. ^f^enj^ 
worth*% Letter defiring a Council of Witf.' "^^^^ 
; -On the 24th I receiv*d by Capt. 'Perez^ with aFIk^ 
of Truce, a Letter of the 2d of December^ N. S. 
from the Governor of St. Jago (which comes like 
wife inclofed j) and with it he fent me twelve 
horn*d Cattle and fix Hogs j the former of which 
I have diftributed for the Relief of our fick Men. 
-And I ihall return him a Horn-maker, a Spanijh 
Friar, that the Tilbury took in a large Canoe, 
-coming from Leogane for Baraccoa, with fome 
Trifles in her; and I fhall remind him of his 
Promife, of releafing Captain JVyllis as foon as he 
can be at Liberty to do it. ; 

On the 25th in the Morning we met at a Coiindl 
of War. But as we entirely (as Sea and Land 
Officers) differed in our Sentiments of what is 
moft for his Majelly*s Service ; and they would 
not admit of a cafting Vote in the Opinion of the 
Senior General Officer, no Refolutions could be 
form'd. So I can only fend your Grace a Copy of 
the Minutes of our Proceedings, attefled by my 
Secretary ; and acquaint you, that they determin'd 
to return to Jamaica, and we to proceed to meet 
the Reinforcement, after feeing the Traniports 
difpatch'd under proper Convoys. 

And as both the General's Reafons and mine 
are fumm*d up in our inclofed Letters of the 23d 
and 24th, I can only add my hearty Concern for 
their being fo widely different. But at parting, I 
told him, if I met the Succours, in cafe of a French 
War, I fhould exhort the Commanding Officer to 
join with us, in embracing the molt favourable Op- 
portunity for doing Honour' to the Crown, and 
Service to our Country : And if my Advice had 
^ny Weight with him, we \\ould not flip the mpfl: 


[ '7n 

fat^ourable Opportunity that could be hoped for*, 
as I fhould not fear our Royal Mailer's Cenfurci 
for a Meafurc that appeared to me fo much for his 
Honour and Service, though not within the Letter 
of our Inftruclions. .1 

^ As I am forced to write in a hurry, for my 
i^etters going by fome of the unflieath*d Ships 
from Port Royal^ I have only to add, that nine 
of them are under my Orders for proceeding 
with all pofllble Expedition to England j and that 
the Augufia and Brijlol (the only remaining two, 
that are now out a cruizing) fhall, at the Expira- 
tion of their refpedlive Cruizes, meet my Orders at 
Jamaica for refitting, to go home with all pcflible 
Expedition. So that I doubt not but the lateft 
will get home within the Time ordered, for being 
ready to be fitted for Service in the Spring of the 
Year ; and I pray God fend them aU .fafc home, 
nd within the Time defired. '^'' *'' 

With my moft ardent Wiflies for a fpeedy hear- 
ing from your Grace at this critical Jundurc, and 
tin our crazy Condition (we having a general Sick- 
>^efs to lament, as well as the General ;) I am, 

-Boy^ne, in Cumberland MyJUrdBuh, 

:.. Harbour (formerly ToUT Gracfs mojt 

?.. callM Wahbtnam) Devoted^ and 

on the South Side of Obedient^ Humbk Servant^ 

To General W e n t w o r Tik, ^* '-^ .-'' j-^ 
.; SIR, " ' 

I Send in by Captain Broderick, as you defire, an 
Order to Captain Trevor , to fupply you with 
the firft Ship or Veffel of his Majefty's that is in 
readinefs for the Sea, to bring you up to join us ; 
Your Perfon, as a principal Counfellor to dired the 
.^.r';: Operations 

[ -^1^ \ 

Operations of his Majefty's Forc when they ar-" 
rive, being what I apprehend to be the principal 
Point wanted : And the recovered Forces may be 
lent for, wherever it may be determin'd to go. 

There being Blacks belonging to the Fleet as 
Seamen, if you would have me enquire after the 
fevcn Blacks you mention as wanting, you will be 
pleafed to fend me a Lift of their Names. I am,^ 

Btpri, h "Cvt/iberiufid Har- T9r Pioji OhBieiti, ' ^^ 

bour,^^. AW. 27. i 74. . Hunii>le Servant, 


I'd Captain "L on c^ of the Ch<:X\:er, '*-) 

WHereas it is of the utmoft Importance to his 
Majcfty*s Service, to keep a watchful Eye 
on all the Motions of his Majc%*s Enemies at rhk 
critical Jundurc.: ^-'-'^ > : / ^' t'v 

And whereas Captain Allen, in the Seahorfe^ h 
now under Orders of Cruizing between five and 
eight Leagues to the S. E. ot JPoint a Bacse, (for 
being in the Way of meeting the Reinforcements 
ttwt are mention'd to liave been coming here, as 
well as for interccpcing any of the Enemy's Trade 
coming that Way, or for getting the earlicft Ad- 
vices of the Motions of any of their Squadrons ; 
and likewife with Letters from me, to be delivered 
to ther Osmmanding Officers both of the Squa- 
dron and Land Forces , which it is of the utmoft 
Confequence to his Majefty*^ Service fhould. not 
pafe by s :) Which Service he is under Orders of 
.continuing upon till the i^th Day oi Dicember 
next: . : 

That you may ibc at hand before that Tinfty i 

^ibcceediiTinin O^oizing upon the ^^rememion*4 

.,^ ..^>. X Service, 


Service, and likewile for meeting any Orders tlf^ 
itiay be coming by Exprefs to me, for their fpeediefl 
coming to my Hands : *^ 

You are hereby required and dire<5led, to make 
the bed of your Way for Tikroon Bay, where you 
may compleat your Watering with grcateft Expedi- 
tion, to be at hand for proceeding to cruize in thc:- 
aforefaid Station, for the Service afore- men tion*dj"* 
before the Expiration of his Term. And on your*^ 
meeting with the Seahcrje^ you will give her Captairi 
Orders for proceeding to Tiberoon Bay^ to recruit 
his Watering, and then to Cruize olf there, for 
joining me and giving me all the Intelligence he 
may have met with. J 

And the Face of Affairs being changed fince vnf^ 
writing the Letters to the Commanding Officers 
both of the Squadron and Land Forces, you will 
now acquaint them, it is both my Defire and Or- 
ders to them, that they fhould not proceed to Lee^ii^ 
ward of Cape tiberoon, but give me Time to coma^^ 
and join them there ; being fully perfwaded, that^ 
our jundion there is of the utmofl Importance ta^ 
his Majefty*s Service. And you will give them a 
Copy of this Claufe from your Orders, figned by 
you, together with the return*d Letters, that I hzw* 
wrote to meet them by Captain Lea ; and prefs thtr 
Commanding OfHcer of the Land Forces by nOL. 
means to proceed further, but to give me the Opf 
portunity of joining him there. 

All Spanijh Ships and Veflels you fhallmeet with^ 
you are to ufe your utmolt Endeavours to takefl 
fink, burn or dellroy. 'r 

And as to the daring and unauthoriz'd Attempts 
of the Subjefts of any Nation, to cover and prote(9:H 
the Ships, Perfons, or Efl?eds, of his Majefty's-I 
Enemies the Spaniards, you are in no Sort to per- ' 
mit the fame, but to feize the faid Spaniards Ships^ J 


Perfbhs, or Effects, wherever you (hail find the" 
fame on the Seas ; as you will all Ships and 
Veffels you fhall meet with^ going to fupply his 
Majefty's Enemies with contraband Stores. 

But on meeting with any of the GuardaCoJias of* 
his moft Ghriftian Majefty, you are carefully to, 
prefervewith them that good Correfpondence that, 
ought to fubfift between the Officers in the Service 
of Princes in Amity with each other. vii jt,.j,:H 

And as you will be cruizing in the Way of the? 
French Trade, you will ufe all friendly Offices to- 
wards them, and direft your Officers not to harrafs 
or rummage any fuch French Ships or Veffels, as 
give no juft Caufe of Sufpicion, of their being 
going with Contraband Stores to any of the Spanijh 
Ports. . . 

And you are to continue on this Service 'till the 
31ft Day of December next, or your fooner being 
join*d by me, or receiving other Orders by fome 
o| my Cruizers : At the Expiration of which 
Term, you are to return to Port Royaly for my 
further Orders, if you fhall not receive them, 
fooner. For, 6f<r. /..u-xt'I sjfi 

Given on board the Boyne^ in CumberUni^'yh^J 

hwiXy Cuba^ t\\\?> i^x\\ oi November y 1741. o; lo< 

^' E. f^u 

itit iit ii.'iiSii'ii - fii. lij' 1^' jy I irtii I'rf'ifilill-*!--''' 

.. ; ['r. {.- . ' . ! ' f .; v.- :'>ifon| 

To his Grace she Duke of "N * * * * f,;iLno!j[ 
My Lord Duke, /\ 

MY laft Letter to your Grace was of the 26tk\ 
of Novemhery from this Place. , :j .,4ai\ 

The next Day General fVentworth went away 
himfclf, with the fecond Detachment of Trans- 
ports, leaving thofe that were moft helplefs for 
me to detach after him \ and I difpatch'd aw^y a 
third Detachjncnt, under Convoy of the Bomjb- .. 
A a Ketqh 

[ l82 ] 

Ketch and one of- my Firelhips, oa the. 28th :* 
But there were two, the moft diftrefs'd, that were 
oblig'd to be referv'd to go with the 'Tilbury^ 
which I fliall detach to Sea with them to-morrow, 
as 1 could not get her ready fooner,. Hie returning 
pretty much fhatter'd in her Rigging, from s>i 
Cruize. There go with her two Firefhips, toOf 
fidkiy-to -^keep the Sea with me, and an emptyt> 
Vidlualler, loaded with all the Timber and Plank 
that I had cut here, to have lerv*d for the Plat- 
forms of the Battery I had ere(5ted for the Defence 
of this Harbour : And likewife the St. Jean Bapiiji^ 
that has the Remainder of the Quickfilver from 
Iterrol, fhe being fent in here by one of my Crui- 
Zrs on the 27th, agreeable to what t had. men 
tion'd to your Grace, that I was in Hopes forae of 
my Cruizers would- meet with her. 
, f have fince difcover'd all her conccaPd Spanijh 
Papers, they being let down, ia two tarr'd Canvals*' 
Bags, between the Timbers in the Midfhips of th 
Ship. But as I am in a continual Hurry at prefent, 
and think thefe Papers will come more authen- 
tically before the Court of Admiralty for not- 
being- open*d here, I fend them as they are", di- 
recting the Commanding Officer to. be prefcht at 
the opening them, to take Care of all State Papers 
(if there fiiould be any of them, befides thole rer,. 
lating to the clandeftine Proceedings, of conveying 
the King of ^tf/;2*s Quickfdver for him under the 
Cover of falfe Colours j) and if they are material 
fr his Majefty's Service, I' have order'd them, toj 
be immediately forwarded to me. - ' / ^^ 

This happy Succefs will pi^v^ no fmalli Di(^- 
pointment to his Catholick Majefty. For if (to-^ 
gather with our having' taken the i^r^2p<5W and the' 
St.janBaptifi) La Reine de^ Anges ihould have- 
bcen Hiipwreck'd^ a"4s- probable fFom- what ti 
* - "t * A men tion'd 

mention'd in my fbf rn^r ; then they have loft the 
whole three thoufand nine hundred Quintals of 
Quickfilver : Which is a Lofs to his Cathohck 
Majefty of the fame Weight of Virgin Silver ; . as 
they oblige their Subjedts in the Indies to take it 
from his Majefty at that Price. This makes it 
one of the bell Branches of the King of Spain's 
Revenue ; and it is Death for any one but himfelf 
to deal in it, to lay them under the Neceflity of 
paying him the Price he fets upon it. 

And I hear the great Expences they have been 
put to, to fubfift the Number of People drawn 
together at St.Jago^ has forced them upon the 
wretched Expedient (put in Pradice by l^mgjames 
in Ireland) of coining a Copper Money, which they 
have ifTued for Dollars and Ryals, and oblig'd a 
Currency of them, under Promife that the Vice 
Roy of Mexico is to make them good to thofc 
who have taken them. 

" I fhall dilpatch in one of my Hofpitai Ships 
with the worll of our own fick Men and the two 
remaining Victuallers, on the 4th ; and with them 
I fhall be oblig'd to fend in a clean twenty-gurt 
Ship (the Experiment) that is likewife too ficidy 
to keep the Sea with me. 

And then, after fetting Fire to my Fafcine Bat- 
tery, I will endeavour to put to Sea on the 5th, 
with my Brother Admiral's eight Ships of the 
Line, one Firefhip, and one Hoipiral Ship, in the 
beft Condition we can put them into; and fhall 
proceed to cruize to the Southward of Hifpaniola 
(for meeting the Reinforcement, or the next Or- 
ders from our Royal Mafter, or Letters Iroin your 
Grace) with the fincercfl Inclinations for doing all 
in our Power, for the Honour of the Crown, and 
Service of our Country. 

A a 2 I hope 

I "hope this witl arrive in Time to accompany 
my Letters by Captain Knowles, with the fixty-gun 
Ships i for, according to Capt. Davrs*s Letters, 
he fhould be now at Sea with the three feventy-gun 
Ships. I am, 

Boyne, in Cumber/and My Lord Duke, 

Harbour (formerly X'our Grace* s moft 

^J^he^fufrsfde J^evoted, and <n 

of ^clbarDec. ' i! Obedient^ Humble Servant, 

1741. E. V, 

To his Grace the Duke of N * *_ * ,* *, 
My Lord Duke, nni ra^rit iuq 

MY laft to your Grace were, one bfthfe 2^ch 
of November, by the Sboreham, aod one ot the 
I ft o^ December, from Cumberland Harbour,' fent 
to Jamaica (to go home by Captain Knowles, with 
three of the fixty-gun Ships) by the tilbury, with 
the laft of the Tranfports, that fail'd the 2d of 
December. And on the 4th I difpatch*d iox Jamaica 
one of my Hofpital Ships with the worft of our 
fick Men, and the remaining VidluaUers, with the 
Experiment, which was too fickly to keep t^ Sea 
with us. ^'fx.'] -"4 

2P On the 5th I detach*d the 'Tyger, Capt. Herbert, 
yto (hew himfelf firft off St. Jago, in order to con- 
,,tinue them under the Apprehenfion of having Ships 
cruizing off their Port ; and then, after ranging the 
North Side of Jamaica, to fee that Coaft is not in- 
fefVed by any of the Enemy's Privateers, to go to 
Blewfields to compleat his Watering, and then pro- 
ceed to fupply the Defiance's late Station, of cruizing 
between the Grand Camainos and Cape Corientes. 
i, And having referved a French Gentleman, taken 
l\Ti the Spanijh Schooner from the Havanna, for the 
better Pretence of fending to fpy what the Mar- 


[ i85] 

queft de harnage has been doing at Leogeme ^nd 
Petit Guave (as he has often done by me -,) I de- 
tach*d the Ludlow Cajile with him for Leogane on 
the 5th, fending^ Letter by Captain Stevens to the 
Marquels de Larnage, to be delivered him at the 
fame Time he presented that Gentleman to him : 
And your Grace has, inclofed, a Copy of my Letter 
to the Marquefs de Larnage, and of the Narrative 
from the Journal that I fent him therewith*:^ tV 

On the 6th I put to Sea mylelf from Cumberland, 
with our remaining Squadron (of eight Ships of 
the Line, a Firefhip, an Hofpi'-al Ship, and two 
fmall Sloop Tenders) in the beft Condition I could 
put them into, having an hundred Men upon 
the fick Lift in my own Ship ; but I am in hopes 
'we fliall be x)n the mending hand in that particUr 
lar, by the Sea Air. 

Three Days before my failing from Cumberland 
Harbour, by a Sloop with Provifions from New- 
Tork, I had a Letter from Governor Clark ; who 
was pleafed to fend me an old Spanijh Pilot, who 
he hoped might be of Service to us. And find^ 
ing he was one of the King's Pilots at the Ha- 
varma, and a very old Man (above Seventy) I had 
his Examination taken, in regard to the Forces 
X\ity had at the Havanna, and their Preparations 
for the Defence of it -, which, I believe, is a pretty 
genuine one ', and I have fent your Grace a Copy 
of it inclofed. "^ '. 

On the 8th I was joined at Sea by the Tork from 
Jamaica, near Cape Dona Maria on Hifpaniola : 
But he brought me no News from thence, only 
that he failed a Day before Captain Davcrs was to 
lail with the three unlheath'd feventy-gun Ships 1 
which gives me the Hopes of meeting with him, 
and fending the Duplicates of my laft Letters, and 
my prefent Letter, to your Grace by him. 


r i86 ] 

On the 9th, by a Sloop' from Yamjcal X re 
ceiv*d a Letter of the 2d Inftant, from Captain 
Dennifin of the Augufia (wrote off Port Morant^ iw 
his Way to Port Royal Harbour) to acquaint me, 
Ifhat very bad Weather and increafing Leaks had 
pbliged him to leave his Station : And he will 
meet at Port Royal, my Orders for refuting to go 
home with all poiBble Expedition ; but having 
much Work, and few Hands to do it, there cannoit 
be that Difpatch I could wifh for. 

I was in hopes of meeting Qaptain Davers, and 
the three feventy-gun Ships, before now , or to 
have heard they were paffed by. And I leave my 
Letters on board the Hofpital Ship, for her cruizf 
ing to meet him off Cape Dona Maria, and put* 
ting them on board of him j as that will prove 
the fpeedieft Opportunity for their coming to your 
Grace's Hands 

I have detach'd Captain Rentone^ in the Rippofty 
to fupply the Station off Rio La tlizcha \ and fhall 
now ply up further to windward, for lying in the 
fair Way of the Reinforcements faid to be coming, 
or meeting the frefheft- Advices from your GracCj- 
for my future Government; which I very muchr 
long for at this critical Conjundure : And as I 
have fbme of my Cruizers up to windward of me, 
l;hope they cannot pais by us. I am, 
A^y Lord Diike, 
, Tour Grace* s mojt \ 

Jfnyne, at Sea, ofFCapeTi- Devoted, andObedienty 
k^mn, Dec. 10, 1741. Humble Servant, 

E. V;: 


YOU are hereby required afid direified, ^Ithf 
his Majefty*s Ship thte Seahorfe under ycMa* 
Command, to make the-beft of* your Wa;^ for 
^ompleating your Watering ih Tiheroon Bay. 
! And whereas T am expecting the Sbeefnefs^ Cj^t/ 
/if^^r^,, to'colne to join me there Verj^ fpeedity,^ afi(f 
am under aii^ Uncertainty, Whetheir one of the^ 
Traniports with Stores for the Fleer, may not come 
wi<!h him : In cafe the Trarifport with Stores'' 
coihes up with hirrt^ you Will put her undfer thfr 
Care and Protidftion ot Captain Cotes in the 2^ork 
^hom I left riding- at anchor in Ifi/h Bay ,) ancF 
acquaint him^ it is my Order, he fhould take he? 
under his Cartr'and Proreftion there, or in Tiberooj^ 
Bay, diliiiy Return to my appointed Rendezvous. 
And you will give Orders to Captain Ward of the- 
SBtehiefs, to be plying up to windward, to look 
outj:arcfully for me, between the faid Rendezvous, 
and Cape Al a Vela\ which he is to do the 25th 
Inftant : Bdt not meeting rt'e^ before' that Time, he 
is to come to look out for me in my faid general 
R'etidezvOCiSi A Copy of whith; ahd rriy Cine of 
Battle, yob will- have ready to deliver him, upbA 
yar meeting' With him. ' ^ 

A*id ^ oti Captain 'Stevens y ift tll6 LuMtHii C-aJtlS}' 
coming to the faid Rendezvous, you will acquaint* 
him, It IS- my Oi-'der, he fhould piit into I'lhe^-oon 
or Irijh Bay,, as he can moft commodioufly and' 
fafely ; and^tocbmpleat hiS'Watey-there, and con- 
tinue- under the Oftlers of Captain Cotes till my 
Retarrt.- But if he has procured any- rriaterial In* 
teihgcnce, he ii to fend we the Account by you S' 
Who are td make^tht^ beft of your Way to wind* 
Wardi- for looking- out for ine, to- deliver- it,- as i^- 
dtr^ed-abo^e tor- the .S^r^/ri-- - - i> - : - . 


t '88] 

And Captain Douglafs in the Princefs Roydl Fiof* 
pital Ship, on his Return from the prefent Service, 
IS to compleat his Water, and to put himfelf undei* 
the Orders of Captain Cotes. 

And you are to give to Captain Cotes (or fend, if 
you are not anchored in the fame Bay with him) 
a Copy of thefe my Orders, figned by you as a true 
Copy ; which he is hereby required to govern 
himfelf by, till my Return to my faid Rendezvous.. 

And when you are watered, you are to put tQ~ 
Sea, and cruize in the faid Rendezvous for my Re-' 
turn, and the Information of all coming to it. Buti 
on Captain Cotes's meeting any Intelligence that he> 
judges proper to be immediately communicated to- 
me, you will follow his Orders, and make the beft' 
of your Way for finding me out. For, (^c. 

Given on board the Boyne^ at Sea, off Poiitt S 
Bacoe^ the 15 th of December^ 1741. ^ 

To Captain Long, of the Cheftcr. 
By, ^c. 

WHereas it may be of great Importance to his 
Majefly*s Service, that neither the Reinforce-* ' 
ments faid to be coming from England, nor any 
Orders coming for me, fhould pafs by me unob- 
ferved j 

You are hereby required and direded, to make 
the beft of your Way as high up as Cape Alia Vela^ 
as the Current feems favourable for it ; and to 
cruize to the Southward of that, under the former 
Orders you have from me> to the loth Day of 
'January next. At the Expiration of which Time^^ 
you will look out for me, or Orders by fome of' 
ray Cruizers, at the general Rendezvous appointed; 
you ; and not meeting with any, make the beft 


[ 18^,] 

bf your Way for Port Royal Harbour, Jamaica^ for 
receiving my further Orders. For, ^c. .;,^ 

Given on board the Boyne^ at Sea, off the Ifle oP 
A/by the i^th of December ^ J 741. 

i '. ;.' T./ST ,-Mv>;. .^:i-S . >-...., , -*^ v^ ,^..~ 

I ' I l i I 111 II m mmal^mtm^mmaHmamtaifm^m^ 

^0 General We n t w o r t h* -. a' vnn"* 

SIR, ,?.:::: 

IHave receiv'd yours of the 25th of December^ 
with one inclofed without Date, fign'd by 
you, Mr. Guife, and Mr. Trelawney, with your 
Opinions for holding a General Council of War 
as loon as we could, upon the Receipt of his. 
Grace the Duke of Newcaftle^s Letters. 

Capt. fVard deliver*d me thefe Letters on Sunday 
Morning the 3d Inftant, as Sir Chaloner Ogle and 
I were in our Way to Jamaica for holding the laid 
General Council of War -, after having firll made 
a flrong Detachment for going to cruize off Cape 
Aha f^ela, for the Security of the Tranlports, that 
I found were coming out with fo weak a Convoy 
as two fifty-gun Ships and a forty-gun Ship with 
four Bomb-Ketches. I know the French have no- 
thing as yet in thefe Parts to annoy them i but 
God knows what may be at Martiniq^ue. 

As we are all agreed in the Expediency of hold- 
ing a General Council of War as foon as may be. 
Sir Chaloner Ogle and I will be in Spanifh Town on 
the 7th Inftant in the Evening, for meeting you 
and JVIr. Guife at Mr. Trelawney's on the 8 th 
Inftant, by nine o*Clock in the Morning. And 
we Ihlll take up our Quarters at Friends Houfes, 
that Mr, Trelawney may have Accommodations fpr 
you and Mr. Guife, 

I will take care to have Captain La and Lieut. 

Lowtber to attend the Council of W*r (pr. being 

B b examined 

[ 19^ ] 
cxamin'd j and defire you will give Orders for 
Mr. David Campbell's Attendance on the Council, 
and any one eWe you think proper, for giving In- 
formation on the leverai Projeds that have been 
tranfmitted to you ; and I have wrote to Mr. Tre- 
lawney^ to have Mr. Hodgfon to attend us. 

And as I conceive the drawing up our Realbns, 
for or againft any Thing propos*d, muft neceflarily 
draw our Proceedings into a great Length, I fliall 
decline any longer acting as Secretary ; but think 
it abfolutely neceflary we ihould have a Secretary 
to attend us, to take Minutes, and draw up our 
Proceedings andRefolutions in Form : And as they 
ihould be kept a Secret, I cannot think of any one 
fo proper for it as Mr. Attorney General, who is 
a fworn Officer to keep fecret the Councils of the 
Crown , and I have defir'd Mr. Trelawney to re- 
queft that Favour of him. 

I was exceedingly furpriz*d, upon reading Capt. 
iTrevcr'i Letter, that you had prevailed on him to 
give Orders, for the fick Soldiers of the American 
Regiment being receiv*d into the Hofpital for our 
Seamen at Pori Royal : An Order, I conceive, that 
neither he nor I can juftify, it bringing fuch a 
Charge OH the Navy, and which he may be liable 
to have charg'd upon his Wages. 

Whereas, Sir, you well know, you have an 
eftablilh'd Hofpital for your Army, and much 
more numerous Officers and Surgeons appointed 
for the Care of it than we have, tho* we have a 
greater Number Of Men to be taken Care of; and 
you have likewife the ftrideft Orders, for the 
American Regiment to be regarded in every Re- 
fpedt as the other Forces your Army is compos*d 
of, and have the large Town of Kingjlon to pro- 
vide Quarters for them all in : Whereas we are fo 
ftraiten'd in Port Royal, as not to be able to pro- 

cure fufficient Lodgment for our fick Seamen. 
And as this is fo inconfiftent with what his Grace 
has recommended to us (an amicable Union in all 
Things) I muft beg the Favour, Sir, you will 
give immediate Orders for the fick American Sol- 
diers, lent us to man our Ships, being receiv'd 
into the Army Hoipital (agreeable to his Majefty's 
Orders) whenever they have Occafion for it ; and 
that you will, by Captain Trevor, let me know 
where fuch as have immediate Occafion for it, 
may be now fent accordingly, from. Q^r Ships 
come in with us, and coming in. or1ih^<^- '^^ 

I will do all in my Power, punfhially to comply 
with his Majefty's Inftruftions ; and hope you will 
give immediate Orders for removing this Stum- 
bling Block, that I may leave the neceflary Orders 
behind me in that Particular, before my going for 
Spani/h Town. 

I congratulate you on your late Recovery from 
your Fever ; and, with my beft Wilhes for your 
Health, I am, 

SIR, ,^ 

Soytie, in Port Royal JToUT tHoft Ohedienty ,1^ 

nzxhQrxr,jamaica, Himbk Servant, :> 

Jan. 5, 1741. jg^y^ 

t ' '^/i 




il l* ^ 

Ajr f r-i ^ x 

^ s * 



.zu An- 

iHg^ RT . '^ f a wf n6V! i;ift m 

[ 193 3 


An Account of our March from the Camp at the 
Upper Barkadier on Augufta River^ to the Village 
pf Etteguava, and hack to the Camp. 

Saturday, July 25, 1741. 

THIS Morning about half an Hour pall 
Nine, we fet out from the Camp, on 
the Right Hand Side of the ^wtr Augufta^ 
in Cumberland Harbour ( formerly call'd Walthenam \) 
and about four Miles up, we crofs'd over to thie 
Left Hand of the River (it being then near Noon) 
and march'd about two Miles farther, and came 
to a Hutt, where we ftopp'd to refreJh the Men, 
and look about us. "We found the Spaniards had 
not been long gone, for in the Fire we found 
Plantains not half rpaftedj we likewife catch'd 
eleven Horfes, one live Hog, and fopie jerk*d Pork ; 
and found in the Wood near the Hutt about two 
hundred ftnall Shot for Fuzees, and about ten 
Pound of Gunpowder, and the Sails of one of 
our Longboats that the Spaniards had deftroy'd. 
About Four in the Afternoon we fet out again, 
and foon crofs'd the River again to the Right 
Hand, at a Place they call Hog Hole. In crofling 
the River, there was a high Bank over-againft us. 
On the Top of the Bank we faw a Hutt, and 
march'd direftly up to it ; but before we could 
get up, a Spaniard fired a Mufket and ran away. 
Here there were feveral Paths, and we had the ill 
Luck to take the wrong, which carried us, too far 
to the Northward. Night coming on, we got up- 

on a Tniali Hill, and (laid there, 'till the next 

S u N D A Y, 7a/y 26, 1 741. 
This Morning at Day Light wc fet out again in 
order to find the River and right Path, and about 
Nine o'Clock we came to the Riyer, and.crols'd 
over to the Left Hand Side of it, and came to ano- 
ther Hutt, where we found the other Longboat's 
Sails, and the right Road. We ftaid here about an 
Hour, and then fet out again j the Pilot was afk*d 
if he knew where he was ; he anfwer'd, he did, and 
told them, before we reach*d the Savanna we fliould 
come to a Ruinat, (which we did.) The Path here 
is very good, leading by the River Side till you 
come to a Rivulet about two Steps over, and then 
you go into the Woods again, and then you have 
a plain fmooth Road 'till you come to the Savanna. 
The Pilot told us, that juft entering into the Savanna^ 
was a likely Place for an Ambufli (which we found 
coming back.) We march*d about four Miles over 
the Savanna,, and came to the Houfe, and took Pof-* 
feflion of it about Half an Hour paft Three in the 
Afternoon; this Houfe and Savanna belong to 
Don Pedro Guarro, and are called Guantanamo. The 
Pilot fhew*d another Houfe about two Miles and a 
half from Guanianamo, over a fine Savanna, which 
is call'd Cano Faco, belonging to Marcos Paries, the 
River running between the Houfes; here Major 
jyunjlon ordered fifty Soldiers, we with the reft of 
the Forces ftaying at the firft Houfe. Here is 
plenty of Cattle, Horfes, fome Shi^ep^aifdFjDwiv 
and Water very near the Houfe, . .Lu^H l^^iS 3iid 

Monday, July 27, .ly^t.'.!! 
This Morning about Eleven o*Clock, an Officer 
with a Guard of eight Men was fent with Letters to 
the General \ by the fame OfHcer I wrote to the Ad- 

miral. The Guard had not been long gone before 
News was brought from Cam Vaco^ that they had 
taken two Spaniards^ one very Old, the other a 
young Man, who was going to his Captain Don 
Pedro Guarro, who had a Company of fifty Men. 
He hkewife told us, ' that Captain Marcos Parks 
had another Company of twenty-five Men, guard- 
ing this Part of the Country. We continued at 
the firft Houfe. 

Tuesday, JulyiZ^ 1741. 
This Morning we fet out for the Village ofEftg' 
guava^ leaving fifty Soldiers to take Care of the 
Houfe, and called at the other Houfe called Cam 
Vaco, and took fifty Men that were there with us, 
which made us about a hundred and fifty Shot. 
We march'd over a pretty fteep Hill and an ugly 
ftony Road, and about Four o*Clock in the Afrer- 
noon we enter'd the Village without any Refinance. 
About two Miles before we came to the Village, 
we met with a Lime-Kiln, and, a little Way from 
that, with two Hog Crawls, with fome Hogs in 
them. The Village Hands on a high Bank, the 
River running half Way round it ; it confifts of a 
few Hutts, and a Church about forty- five Poot 
long and eighteen broad. Here we faw a Spaniard m 
a Corn Piece ; he was purfued, dropp*d his Mufker, 
and got away ; the Mufket was one'of our Ship*s 
Arms. This Place is about N.W. from the Mouth 
of U\t Harbour, diftant ten Leagues. In the Even- 
ings and Mornings it is friirWeather, in the Middle 
of the Day wc never miffed of Rain with l^hunder 
and Lightning. Here is plenty of every Thing-, 
but Bread Kind, the Plantains not being ripe. 

Wednesday, July 2<)^ 1741. 
This Afternoon we took a Negro Man with 
three Lances and a Mufker, who had run away 


[ i96 ] 

f^om his Mafter*s Hutt with four more Negroes^ 
they knowing our People were about. He is aL 
poor filly Fellow^ like a ftew Negro. We con^ 
tinued in this Village. *i 


Thursday. July %o^ ^74^- 
This Morning about Ten o*Clock an Officer was 
fent to Guantanamo with a Guard of four Men, 
with Letters to be forwarded to the General, and 
one of mine to the Admiral. About Six o'Clock 
in the Afternoon, we took another Negro Man, 
who lives at St. Jago, a free Man. He had two 
Hog-Spears and a Mafcheet, juft come from Hunt- 
ing. He came through the Savanna called Sia. Ca- 
tatina^ and finding no Body there, was going di- 
redly to St. Jago. He feems to be a fenfible Fel- 
low, but pretends not to know of any Parties of, 
Spaniards being about. We fent a Party out this 
Morning to look about them ; they found, about 
one Mile and a half, fome moreHutts, Hogs, and 
Fowls. There are feveral Hutts about this Place. 

Friday, July ^i, 1741. 
Weather as before ; we fent our Men out to get 
Bread Kind ; very little to be found. 

Saturday, Auguft i, 1741. 
5 This Morning about Eleven o'Clock Lieutenant 
Freeman arrived here from Cam Vaco^ with ten Sol- 
diers, a Serjeant and Corporal, and twenty-four 
5'^ggiige and Shot Negroes ; and gives an Account 
of Lieutenant Withers and one Negro Man being 
fhot, and fix Negroes more miffing, they meeting 
voth an Ambufh at the Corner of a Wood between 
the two Houfes called Cam Vaco and Guantanamo, 
He likewife brought a Letter from Colonel Cockrany 
(then at Guantanamo)' to Major Bunjiony to return 


r ^97] 

to him with all Expedition. About half an Hour 
pad Two o'clock in the Afternoon we ftt out 
from the Village [EWeguava) and about Ten at 
Night we got into Cam Vaco ; (it was fo dark in the 
Wood that two Negroes were forced to go on 
their Hands and Knees to find the Road -,) here we 
laid all Night. 

' ^- '" ' * Sunday, Auguft 2, 1 74T. 
' This Morning about Eight o*Clock we fet out 
from Cam Vaco^ and got to Guantanamo about half 
an Hour pad: Nine, where we found Colond Cochran 
with two hundred Soldiers (as I was informed. ) I 
applied myfelf to him, as being the Commanding 
Officer ; he told me he expefted to hear from the 
General this Evening or the next Morning, and 
then he believed he fhould go down, and that I 
might go with him ; and that he had forwarded a 
Letter! wrote to the Admiral from the Village. 
About half an Hour pafl Six in the Afternoon, 
Lieutenant - Colonel Whitford arrived from the 
Camp with fifty Soldiers, thirty-two Shot Negroes, 
and feventy-fix Baggage Negroes, with Provifions 
(Bread and Brandy) for four hundred Men ; our 
Men were ordered a Quarter of a Pint of Brandy, 
and one Pound of Brem each. Here we (hid all 

Monday, Auguji ^^ 1741. 
This Day nothing remarkable, but tried to pen 
Cattle and Horfes. Continued at this Place aft 
Night. Our Men had fhort Allowance of Bread, 
and a Quarter of a Pint of Brandy. The Colonel 
afked me if our Men had got their Provifions for 
to-morrow, for he fhould go by Day-break ; I 
told him, I was afraid, if they had their Brandy 
they would drink it to-night -, he then faid they 
fhould have it in the Morning. 

Cc Tuesday 

[ 198 ] 

Tuesday, Juguji 4, 1 741. 
This Morning about Six o'CIock, we fet out 
from Guantanamo, in order to march to the Camp ; 
and about nine o*Clock, juft as we were enter*d 
the Wood froin the Savanna, we were ambufh'd 
by the Spaniards. They let the Soldiers pafs, and 
moft of our Men. There was a Soldier eafing 
himfelf behind us j the Spaniards fired firft at him, 
and fhot him in the Breaft, and ran to him and 
cut him thro* the Jaw-Bone, and one Side of his 
Neck ; another cut thro* the Flefh of his Thigh 
into the Bone; and another on his Side. Our 
Men diredtly turn*d to the Spaniards, and kill'd 
that Man and two more. As foon as they found 
that, they ran away through the Woods. They 
wounded one of our Men in both his Arms ; one, 
after he was brought on board, was cut off clofe 
;o his Shoulder ; the Soldier lived about half an 
Hour. We brought him on a Horfe about three 
Miles, and buried him at a Hutt where we flaid 
and dined. After Dinner we fet out again, and 
about four o'CIock we arriv'd in the Camp. We 
met the General a little Way out of the Camp, 
who defir'd me to go to his Tent, and faid that 
he fhould return foon, and that he had two Letters 
from the Admiral to me ; I went to his Tent and 
flaid 'till the General return'd, and receiv'd the 
two Letters, and then took Boat and waited on the 

T. Sturton. 


[ 199 ] 

'The following are Tranjlations of three Letters from 
the Governor of St. Jago de Cuba, to Capt. Peter 

? 'Guerra, dated the ^oth and ^iji of July, and the 
2^/Auguft, 1741, N. S. ' 

To Captain Peter Guerra. 

TH E Bearer Balthazar arriv'd here at Eleven, 
with an Account of feventeen Ships having 
anchored in the Bay, and of eight being off the 
Mouth of the Bay, and of two Sloops being got 
into the River. And as it is natural to think they 
are come to take Pofleflion thereof, it is abfolutely 
neceffary you interrupt them, as much as is in your 
Power, from proceeding higher up j and if they 
fhould offer to land, you muft difpute their ad- 
vancing at every Pafs, taking care to have proper 
Men to obferve their Motions ; of which you are^ 
to fend me immediate Notice, that I may fend 
you fuflicient Succours. You are to take Poffeflion 
of all the Paffes with fmall Numbers of Men, and 
lie in Ambulh, that in cafe they fliould come up 
the River, they may return hke Mad Men, and 
not dare to land. 

I have order'd all the Men to be affembled to- 
gether, excepting thofe that are neceffary foj* 
making Caffave and Curing Beef for them that 
are in Junicon. \ 

To attack this Place, they have no other Parj;, 
but that Bay to come to an Anchor at. Therefore 
it*s neceffary that you and your People ihould 
maintain yourfelves in Sight of the B.iy, that it" 
they ffiould offer to land you may afford them 
good Diverlion ; which is what I exped from your 
good Condudl and Knowledge of the Place. If 
you want any Powder, fend a Party of Horfc^ 
and a Perfon you can confide in, that they may 
carry it, and Firelocks, if you fl\ould want any. 

Cuba,. July 30, 1741. N. ^. C A X I G A L , 

Cc 2. 'i;q 

[ 200 ] 

^o' Captain Peter Gxterra. 

I Have receiv*d your two Letters, by which I find 
there are in that Bay and the Entrance thereot 
fixty Sail, and obferve by them what ydu have 
done, and of their having chafed your Boats twice 
in the River ; and expedl from your Zeal and 
Love to the Royal Service, that you will not only 
impede whatever they may defign, but that by 
your Cafe, with that of your People, Jrou will 
obferve their Operations by Day and by Night, 
and endeavour to learn if they have raifed any 
Fortifications, giving me Notice of every Thing j 
and don't lofe an Inftant of Time. 

We have eight Sail in Sight off this Harbour. 
By Amhrozio Lopex I have fent you twenty good 
Mufkets, two Arroves [fifty Pound] of Powder, 
three hundred Balls, and thirty Flints. 
^ I expc6l that yoii will not only hinder them 
from burning your Hato [a Pen of Cattle,] but 
even from putting a Foot on Shore i and take 
care to obferve if they fortify themfelves or not. 

^^j Cuba, July jx, 1741, N. S. CAXiOAt. 

i^U-jirQ - ' T<? Captain PetirGuerra. 

.jJlt7ITH a great deal of Pleal'ure I receiv*d 

^^^^ yo"f two Letters of yefterday, in which you 

! fell, me you have beat away the Enemy, burnt two 

iof their Boats, taken an Enfign, with fome Arms 

and Baggage, and kill'd and wounded a great 

many of them ; For which I give you and your 

People a thoufand Thanks, expeding from your 

Valour, Zeal, and Love to the King, that you 

will hinder them from watering, and deftroy every 

one that offers to put his Foot on Shore j^ or. to 

fee them obliged to leave the Glory to you alone, 

of having drove them inglorioufly away from this 

Btty. And if, for your enjoying this Pleafure, you 


[ 20I ] 

fliould have Occafion for more Arms, Men, and 
Ammunition, advife me of it, that, altho* I go 
myfelf in Perfon, you may be aflifted. 

You have already received by Amhrozio Lopez two 
%Arroves [fifty Pound] of Powder, three hundred 
Balls, and thirty Flints ; and if they are not fuffi- 
,cient, I will fend you what Quantity you pleafe. 
.<; I have wrote to Father iV^/^/w to provide you 
with Rum and Provifions, that you may have 
fufficient of every Thing ; and take Car^ for I 
confide entirely in you and your People. ' '-,; ^* 

If any jEw^/^w^w Ihould happen to come Over 
to you, give him good Quarters, and fend him 
to me, that I may get fome Intelligence from him. 
For I am perfwaded that they intend to fortify 
themfelves at that Port ; of which you are to en- 
deavour to get fome Account by all manner of 
Means, fending Perfons that know the Place to 
the very Bay, that they may fee and obferve whe- 
ther they land on the little Ifland, or elfewhere ; 
if they raife any Earth, and of every Thing they 
do, give me Advice. And to the Perfon by whom 
you fend fuch Advice, give your PalTport, that he 
may get Horfes all the Way, for the greater 

Let all your People know, that if any of them 
ihall plunder, or take any Thing from the Engli/h^ 
all that he ihall fo pillage fhall belong to him, let 
it be what Quantity it will. ^ '; ^ 

I live fo fatisfied of Your*s and ybi^ 'Pet^p%*^ 
Zeal, that they will be a Terror to the Enemy ; 
and with fuch favourable Beginnings, I hope they 
will leave Cuia with more broken Heads than they 
did Cartaxcna, 

[ 202 ] 

To Admiral V z r n o n. 

, Honoured SIR, 
' I ''H E Bearer of this is Don Miguel Perez, an 

-' Inhabitant of St. J ago de Cuba, whom I beg 
Leave to recommend to your Protedion. As he 
is a Perfon praflifed in the Sea, he is able to give 
a particular Account of the Place of his Nativity , 
and I believe what he fays may be depended upon. 
I am. 

Honoured S I R, 
Kingjion in Jamaica^ Tour moji Obedient, 

7/yi8, 1741. Humble Servant, 

Ja. Ord. 

DECLARATION of Bon Miguel Perez. 

HE is aCreol o^ St. J ago, has been many Years 
Mailer of a Veflel out there, trading to dif- 
ferent Parts of the Spanijh Main -, has a Wife and 
Children in the faid City ; and was taken Prifoner 
by an Englifh Privateer, off Zamba on the Coaft of 
Cartaxena, about the 12th of September lad, and 
carried into Jamaica, where he remained about ten ' 

About eleven Years ago he had occafion to go 
to Barracoa, in order to recover fome Debts ; and 
fet out from St. Jago about Five in the Morning, 
and got to Guaninicu (a Sugar Plantation belonging 
to Padre Jofepb Mufiilier) before Noon, travelling 
quite at his Eafe and Leifwre -, and believes it to be 
about four Leagues dillance. From thence, next 
Morning he fet forward, and got to Xagua (ano- 
ther Sugar Work, belonging to Don Diego Mujlilier) 
before Noon ; where he refted that Night. From 
thence, next Morning he went for Savanilla, where 
is. a large Pen of Hogs belonging to Don Jofeph 
Jj)fada, and arrived, there the fame Night. From 


[ 203 ] 
thence, next Morning (being the fourth Day) he 
fet out for Sta. Catalitia (a large Cattle- Pen belong- 
ing to the Family of the Cavalleros) and arrived 
there in the Evening : Thefe two laft Stages he lay 
by from Nine in the Morning till about Three in 
the Afternoon, hanging up his Hammock under the 
Shade of the Trees, to avoid the Heat of the Sun. 
From Sta. Catalina towards Barracoa, is a Place 
called Tiguabos (difbnt about fix Leagues, to the 
beft of his Judgment) where there is a Church, 
and many Houles fcattered to and fro, inhabited 
by Mulattoes and ordinary People *, and he knows 
of no other Place in. the whole Road which can be 
called a Village. He has always heard that the 
faid 'Tiguahos is reckon*d twenty-five Leagues from 
the City of St. J ago., and a tolerable good Road 
the whole Way ; in fome Places broader and more 
open than in others, but in all fo broad that Horfes 
and Mules loaded can very well pafs ; which is the 
only Carriage in the Country, except within about 
two Leagues of the City, where they drive with 
Wains and Oxen. There are wild Horfes, Cattle, 
and Hogs, in plenty, the major Part of the Way, 
and Rivers and Rivulets in abundance, with many 
other Pens, Csfr. fcattered here and there near the 

He knows nothing of the Road from hence to 
St. Jagq by Experience, but believes it mull be 
much nearer to go by the Way of Guantanatno \ 
which is a Cattle-Pen, belonging to Don Pedro 
Guerm, from which Cattle-Pen this Bay, or Har- 
bour, takes its Name ; and, he believes, may be 
diftant from it about feven Leagues. 

As to the Declaration of General Wentwortb, he 
has read it, and allows it to be open and generous j 
but before the Inhabitants can be fuppofed to give 
into it, they will neccflarily expe<5l to perufe the 


[ 204 ] 

Terms ; but the Confequence of that he cannot 
anfwer for, and defires to be excufed giving his 
Opinion : But, at the fame Time, fays, that he has 
a Wife and Children, Father, Brother, and Sifters, 
in the faid City , Ihould they accept of the Terms, 
how is it poflible for him to part from them ? 

And I Don Miguel Perez^ being entirely fatif- 
fied as to the Interpretation of the faid Declaration, 
twice read to me by Mr. Wiltiam Rogers, do affirm 
the fame to be juft and true, according to the beft 
of my Judgment. 

Dated on board his Majefty's Ship the Boyne, in 
Guantanamo Harbour, this nth Day of Auguji, 

^'iinefsy Miguel Perez. 

Polycarpu'5 Taylor, 
W. Rogen- 

N. B. That Lieutenant Lowther (who refided 
long with the Spaniards, has travelled much in their 
Country, and been employed in cutting Roads for 
them) fays, their computed Leagues are not two 
Englifh meafured Miles. 

Declaration of Manuel Jofeph de la Cruz, 
a Free-horn Negro of St. Jago de la Cuba. 

THAT he is perfectly well acquainted with 
the Road from St. Jago to Tigmbos, which. 
leads in the following Manner, viz. 

From St. Jago to the Cuava, a Sugar Work 
belonging to Don Francifco Rubukava j from thence 
to Guaninicu, a Sugar Work belonging to Padre 
Jofeph Mufiilier ; from thence to Xagua, a Sugar 
Work belonging to Don Diego Muftilier ; from 
thence to Agucate, a Cattle and Hog Pen, belong- 
ing to Don Jofeph Palacios ; from thence to Sava^ 
nilla^^ Cattle and Hog Pen, belonging to Don 

- : '- " - Jofeph 

[ 205 ] 
Jofeph Lofada j from thence to MarcarejaSy a Cattle 
and Hog Pen belonging to Don Diego Mujlilier ; 
from thence to Tiguabosy where is a little Church 
covered with Tiles, and about forty or fifty ftrag- 
gling thatch'd Houfes, not in any regular order, 
but all in fight of each othfer ; the Inhabitants 
thereof being free Indians and Mulattoes. 

He cannot venture to fay, how far diflant any 
of the abovefaid Places are from each other ; but 
is pofitive that it is accounted fifteen Leagues in 
the whole, and that he has travelled the fame on 
Horfeback in one Day and a Night. 

He has often heard that there is a Cattle Pen, 
called Sta. Catalina^ belonging to fome Brothers, 
named Cavalier os \ and another belonging to Pedra 
Guerra, called Gtiantanamo -, but does not knovr 
exadtly where they lye. He never heard of any 
Houfe called Cano Vaco, belonging to Marcos Paries^ 
or any thing like the Name -, nor does he know, 
or ever heard of, any Place or Pen whatever called 

So far as Tiguahos he knows very well, and no 
farther i and will undertake to lead the Way from 
thence to the faid City of St. J ago. He farther 
faith, that there are wild Horfes, Cattle and Hogs, 
great part of the Way, and fevcral Rivers and Ri- 
vulets ; the Road in fome Places not fo good as 
in others, but at all times, and every where, paf- 
fable for loaded Mules and Horfes i which is the 
only Carriage made ufe of above two Leagues dif- 
tance from the City ; within which Compafs they 
frequently ufe Wheel Carriages with Oxen. 

Dated on board his Majcfty's Ship the Boyne^ ia 
Cumberland ll3iiho\jii, this i2ih o{ Auguji, 1741. 

^ '>'>. The Mark "" of 

W.R^^S: Man. JofephdTla Cruz. 

P d Die LA"] 

[ 206 ] 

Declaration of Sebaftian de Hkierdo, tahn 
about five Months ago on the Coaji of Cartaxcna, 
in a fmall Ship from St. Jago loaded with Sugar 
and 'Tobacco. 

HE is a Creol of the faid St. Jago^ and fays he 
knows the Country and Roads perfedily well 
from hence thither , that he went out with a Party 
of Men commanded by Colonel Cockran, to Guan- 
ianamo^ a Cattle Pen belonging to Pedro Guerra^ 
which is four Leagues (or four Hours) diftance 
from the Camp : That when there, Colonel Cockran 
afked him many Queftions ; as, how far from 
thence to St. Jago ? what fort of a Road ^ whether 
there were Plantations or Houfes in the Way, and 
Plenty of Water and Cattle } to which he an- 
fwer*d, from Guantanamo to St. Jago was reckon'd 
fifteen Leagues, the five firft of which were but 
indifferent in the rainy Seafon, being wet and floppy 
under Foot and not fo open as the other Ten ; 
which is a good broad Road the whole Way, and 
wide enough for fix Men to walk a-breaft : That 
m the Way there were many Sugar Works, Cattle 
Pens, and Vegas of Tobacco, with plenty of Water, 
and wild as well as tame Cattle : That from Guan- 
tanamo they went about a League farther in order 
to view the Road, and upon their Return the Co- 
lonel told him, that he was very well fatisfied with 
his Intelligence, and believed he had told hini ilie 
Truth. not) ^miX 

, He has travelled from Guanlanamo to St. Jago 
-it- foot in a Couple of Days, walking leifurely along, 
and lying by the Afternoon and Night on the 
Road : But fays, upon Occafion, he could reach 
St.' Tnes (a Sugar Work belonging to Don Miguel 
de las Cuevas, which is within a League of the 
Town) in one Day, and that he has rode it, i^ii 
one Horfe, in ten Hours^ ^ 

i-a The 

[ 207 ] 

The foregoing Declaration being interpreted, and 
.diftindly read to me by Mr. William Rogers^ I do 
affirm the fame to be juft and true. ^'*^^^\ ^ ^^ 

Dated on board his Majefty's Ship "^cr^m^ in 
Cumberland Harbour f this ift ot Sept ember y 1741. 


R. Swanton, Sebaflian de Hiciefdo. 

W.Rogers. , V '' 

DscLARATioN^/ Mr. Tolcr. 
May it pleafe your Honour^ 

HAving but fhort Warning allowed me, when 
I reprefented to you the Situation of St. Jago^ 
Byam, &c. with the Inclinations of the People, as 
they ftand affedlcd at this prefent Jundure 1 give 
me Leave to offer you this as a farther Account of 
both. The Towns in general are made up of a 
few rich Dons, who exercife their arbitrary Power 
over a Multitude of poor People, who having no 
Recourfe to any open Laws to relieve them out of 
their unnatural and inhuman Behaviour towards 
them, has brought them to an idle and effeminate 
Courfe of Life, without any Hopes of Relief, ex- 
cept what may be now expefted from the EnTliJb^ 
whom they have long hoped for, and now daily 
cxpeft, not only the poorer Sort, but Numbers of 
higher Degrees of Life, which I have for a long 
Time converfed with on that Head. Your Ho- 
nour, I believe, will not fuppofe that their not 
coming in to us before we fhew ourfelves refolved 
to protect them, is any Reafon why they arc 
not well inclined towards a Change ; their Lives 
and Fortunes depending upon the bad or good 
Succefs of the Enterprize. That there is a great 
Number of People fcattered throughout this large 
Ifland, is moft certain, the major Part of which 
D d 3 is 

[ 208 ] 

is now at the Havamia -, and I really believe that 
that Town contains about half the Inhabitants of 
the whole ; but let any Man live among thefe 
People as long as I have, and he will readily fee 
and know, how incapable they are of defending 
themfelves againft a well-trained and contagious 
People, as we for many Centuries paft have proved 
ourlblves to be : I fay, for Men who are Strangers 
to Arms, and bred up as wild as the Hogs they 
devour (without any kind of Exercifes to create 
man-like Difpofitions) can never be fuppofed to 
Hand the leaft Attack of an Enemy. I fhall offer 
fome fmall Account of the great Excellencies of 
this Ifland (as flir as I know and have fecn) which 
I believe will be enough to invite any Man to at^- 
tempt the Conqueft. 

I was fent from St. Jago to Byam with fixty-thr^e 
Prifoners, to be kept there at the cheapeft rate if/ 
we lived upon half a Bitt a Day, and haid Beef, 
Pork, and Bread to fpare. 

Thro' all the Country that I pad, the Savannas 
were fwarming with Cattle, and the Woods with 
Hogs, both tame and wild j the Land is good for Su- 
gar Canes, which it produces, andTobacco of the bell 
Kind in great plenty j Wheat and Rice grow well, 
and all kind of Salleting and Pulfe in the greateft 
Plenty that ever I faw, with Fruit of all Kinds that 
thofe Indies afford. The Woods are full -of Ma- 
hogony, Fuftick, SpaniJh'Elm, and Cedar, and fe-" 
veral other Kinds that I am not acquainted with ; 
Cotton grows wild, befidcs what is planted. The 
Town of Covery has in it the richeft Copper-Mine 
that is known, and they are daily at work upon 
it ; it lies within three Leagues of St. J ago. The 
whole Ifland is full of fine Rivers, and Harbours fit 
for Tranfportation. This being all that came in 
my View, can fay nothing of the great Tradt of 
' ' Land 

[ 209 ] 

Land that leads to the Havama^ which I am told 
tv exceeds what I have mentioned., 

; I return your Honour Thanks for the great Care 
you have taken in procuring me and my Fellow 
Prifoners our Deliverance out of the Hands of 
thofe brutifh People, who by their ^Ithy Beha- 
viour to each other, as well as their barbarous. 
Ulage to Strangers, Ihew themfelves ripe for De- 
ftrudlion. And 1 make no doubt of Succefs, if all 
concerned ufe the fame willing Means that you do; 
and what great or good Thing can be had without 
fome Hazard or Pains ? Had not your Honour 
fent for me, I Ihould have ofFer'd myfelf to you 
upon this Occafion, with a hearty Will to ferve 
either by Land or Water, as you /hall think fit. 
I am 

Witnefi* Tour ifioft humhk Servanty 

X;Y''^V-,^, . ., . .\ W.TOLER. 

W.Rogers. '''^"; ii -i -rrt: v 

Oh board the Boyne, Auguft 1 7, 1 74 1 , 

Captain Allen, of the Seahorfe, his Account of what 
j>afs*d at M. Larnage'j Table at Hifpaniola. 

SAturday the 25th of July ^ 1741, .being then in 
Company with Monfieur Marquis ^^Z<<2r<a^^, the 
French General of Hifpaniola^ he alked me where 
I left Admiral Vernon and Sir Chaloner Ogle-, I told 
him off the Navaffa, with about fifty or fixty Sail 
of Tranfports. He afk'd if I knew where they 
were defign'd , I anfwer'd no, that it was kept a 
Secret. I believe, faith the Marquis de Lama^e, 
the Admiral will go for St. Jago de Cuba, it being 
a Place that will always ^ive you Gentlemen Englip 
Trouble, on Account of their Privateers : But for 
the Admiral*s attacking it by Sea, faith the Mar- 
quis, I think it not pofiible, by Reafon of the 


[ 210 ] 

Narrownefs at the Entrance of the Harbour, and 
the Winds that take your Ships aback in going 
in : But, laid he, it' it is to be taken, it muft be by 

Seahorfe, \n CumherUndihshow, E^ ALLEIf 

Ca^^^, ^^, 12, !7fl. 

Mr* Mac NeillV Remarks on the Road betwixt the 
General's Camp and Guantanamo. 

SOME Remarks of the Road betwixt the Ge- 
neraPs Camp and the other. 

The Diflance between botli being, to the beft 
of my Knowledge, about fixteen Miles ; of which 
there is five Miles of a Savanna^ which wants little 
or no Clearance. The reft of the Road in general 
is but narrow, but very level, and can be eafily 
clear'd twenty Foot each Side of the faid Road, 
with a little Trouble, 

uiKguji 13, 1741. A. Mac Neill. 

Lieutenant George Lowthcr*^ Declaration of the 
iv i^tb <j^ Auguft, 1741. 

fT*^'is fixtcen Miles from the Camp to Peter 
Guerra's Houfe, call*d Guantanamo. 

I jud^e a Road might be cut to Guantanamo 
twenty Foot wide in five Days by three hundred 
Negroes, I having had Slaves, and they always cut 
twelve Yards Square each Day, and had due Time 
to reft. 

I believe if the Road were cut ftrelght, it would 
(liorten the Diftance two Miles. 

I never heard or knew that Colonel Cockran ad- 
vanced in the Road from Guantanamo towards the 
Village with the Httle Church, where Lieutenant 
^T'-"*-^. Sturton 


Siurton Went v/Ith the firft advanced Guvird, above 
one Mile, and that was in an open Savanna^ I 
then being with liim. 

Juguji 14, 1 741, G. LOWTHER, 

Report of Lieutenant George Lowther, and John 
Gibbins, Pilot, 

PUrfuant to your Order, thr 22d of Ju^ujt we 
weigh*d and fail'd from Cumberland Harbour 
in the Sloop Triton, and proceeded on our Voyage 
to the Wcftward, coafting along Shore, to fee if 
there was any Place for a Ship to anchor in be- 
tween this and the Jquadores ; but could not find 
any Place fit to anchor our Sloop in. ''- 

About three Leagues to the Eaftward of th<* 
yiquadores, there are three fmall Hills, callM by 
tlie Spaniards the Attaos. Here Alexander de Vilnairfy 
a Frenchman we had on board by Order, faid there 
was a good Bay with anchoring Ground -, we flood 
clofe into the faid Place, and founded with our 
deep Sea Line, but could get no Ground with 
eighty Fathom ; nor was there any Bay, but the 
whole Coaft is an Iron-bound Shore, and fteep too 
in all Parts. 

From this Place we could fee the Fortifications 
at the Aquadores, which we did intend to view in 
the Morning; but Night coming on with bad 
Weather and a great Sea from the South F^ft, 
we made the befl of our Way to Cumberland Har- 
bour, according to our Orders. "'^ 

Sign*d on board his Majcfl)'*s Ship the Boytti^ 
this 30th of Augujf, 1 74 1 . 

ff'itnefs, G. LOWTHIR, 

T.Watfoii, T. GiBBINS. ' 

R. bwantou. 


[ 212 ] 

Bearings and Diftances, as they were found to be ly 
John Frafer, Majier of his Majejifs Skip Orford, 
Capt. Perry Mayne Commander^ Sept. i8, 1741. 

FROM Cape Mayze to Cumberland Harbour the 
CourfeisW.S.W. ' W. diftant 29 Leagues. 
From Cumberland Harbour to St. J ago the Courfe 
isW. S.W. diftant 11 Leagues. 

pr J. Fraser. 

Mr. William Scott'^ Account of the Roady that he was 
brought by from Barracoa to St. Jago de Cuba. 

ON Monday the 24th of May^ 1742, I fet out 
from Barracoa^ guarded by two Soldiers, who 
were to condudt me to St. Jago. The Soldiers 
both march*d on Foot with their Mufkets, but I 
had a Horfe allowed rne, being very weak from a 
late Sicknefs. Our Road lay chiefly over the 
Mountains *till Thurfday Evening, when we came 
to the Sea Shore on the South Side of the IHand. 
We travell*d on by the Sea Side *till Friday 
Afternoon, and then turn*d off to the Hills, over 
which we continued our Journey untill eight 
o'Ck)ck on. Sunday MoTnm^', (by their bringing 
me by the Sea on the South Side of the Ifland, 
I conceive they did not bring me the direct Road 
to St. Jago.) In defcending this lafl Hill, I faw 
the Opening of a very large Harbour, which the 
Soldiers faid was Guantanam (and which we call*d 
Cumberland Harbour.) We travelled the remaining 
Part oi Sunday thro* large Savannas, well flock*d 
with Cattle and Sheep, and lodg'd that Night at 
a ruin'd Church that flood on a high Bank, near a 
River that furrounded about two thirds of the Vil- 
lage, which the Soldiers told me was the Village 
that the Englijh had been at and defboy'd it. 


[ 213 ] 

On Monday Morning (being the next DayJ we 
crofs'd tiie River, which River the Soldiers told me 
emptied itfelf into Guantanant (or Cumberla>id Har- 
bour.) After crofling the River, we travelled thro* 
Groves of Trees, where no Path appear*d ; the 
Soldiers frequently notching the Trees with theirf 
Mafcheets, which, they told me, was to know the 
Way by another Time ; for, if I had not been 
with them, they faid they could have gone a much- 
nearer and better Road- Having traveled about 
two Hours in this manner, we came to a Path 
between two Hills, where two Men could walk 
abreaft of each other , which Road, I think, might 
very eafily be opcn'd, the Trees near the Road be- 
ing but fmalJ. About eleven of the Clock we came 
to the Bottom of a Hill, where the Path was" 
narrower, and only fit for one to pafs at a Time : 
But I think the Path might he made broader 
without any great Difficulty. About Noon we got 
to the Top of that Hill, where was a Fafcine Bat- 
tery of eight Guns (of fix and four Pounders)- 
which Battery they told me was ereded while our 
Army lay encamped ; which was hkewife confirm'd" 
to me, when I came to St. J ago, by Mr. John 
Cray, who faid thofe Guns were brought in Cvts 
from St. J ago. -'" '^^ 

We traveli'd from the Fafcine Battery tKro* a 
Cart Ro^ to St. Jago, each Side of the Way being* 
full of Plantations. About four o' Clock we came 
to a fmall Town with a large Church in it j from 
whence we traveli'd thro* a fine Champian Country 
to St.Jago, where we arriv*d on Monday E^/tmng, at 
the Governor's Houfe. And I judge our Diftanc* 
from the Fafcine Battery to the Town of St. Jag/p 
might be about eighteen EngUJh Miles, and believe 
the Diftance from the Village to the Fafeine Bat- 
E e tcry 

[ 214 T 
tcry might be about the fame ; and think k cduld 
not be more, the Soldiers that accompanied me in 
that Day's March having march'd it all on Foot, 
as they had the whole Journey from Barracoa. 

On my being brought to the Governor's Houfey 
he fent me Prifoner to- what they call the Caftle ;. 
which is a Square Stone Building, the lower Part 
divided into Apartments for the Ufe of the Officers 
and Soldiers, which have arch'd Roofs, and s 
Platform over the Top of them, where there arc 
eight Guns mounted, two on each Side of the 
Square ; the chief Ufe of which, I was inforra'd, 
was to Alarm the Country oa the Approach of an 
Enemy. -''' 

After being fixtecn Days in the Caftle, I had 
the Liberty ot walking ,about the Town *, when I 
was informed that the Soldiers, who condjLK3:ed me 
to St. Jago^ were imprifon'd for bringing me to 
the Fafcine Battery. The Town of St. Jago^ is 
entirely open to the Country, without any manner 
.-of Fortification. 

' Having the liberty of walking about the Town 
-%here I pleas*d, I met with one Moniieur jlfhei^ 
Captain of a French Sloop, whom I formerly was 
acquainted with at Jamaica. Happenir^ to talk 
of the Fortifications of the Harbour, he told mfi 
that Nature had fortified it as nfiuch as Art } for 
that whenever a Ship was coming, they had ^ 
Launch with a Cable in her, ready to carry on 
board of them as foon as they got to the Msor 
Caftle ; for then the Eddy wind, that comes down 
the Gully between the Movr Caftle and the Eftrdla^ 
takes them aback, and would infallibly put them 
on the Wcftern Shore, if they were not brought 
up by that Cable, which is fiift to an Anchor on 
-6to9 i 4hfi fii^ }^gXNH^ ifae two Cafiles 
.^fnaib >(Dij.. :,at^ biif;J ly/o-iT.tijfii bu Which 


Which Account I found to be true, for Captain 
AJheu carried me cwi board of his Sloop when the 
Carracca Ships came in there, and I then obferv'd 
chat the fecond Ship did not offer to come in, 'till 
the firft Ship had dipt the Cable, and lail*d up 
ihe Haiix)ur. 

'. ' The above-mention'd Remarks, made by me on 
the Road, and at St. Jago^ are true to the beft of 
my Knowledge. 

Sworn at Mincing-Lane, in ton- W. ScOTT. 

^ dotty the 7th Day of March ^ 
'1742, before me 

Robert Willimott, Mayor. 

Paragraph of a Letter from Br. Hume, of Port 
Royal, Jamaica, dated Jm. 16, 1742. 

J Will pray your Permiflion to relate an Affair 
that has happen*d here lince you left us , and 
tho' Negroes are the Parties concern'd, yet as it 
makes fo great an Impreffion on moft People's 
Minds, and as the Story is told fo naturally, with- 
out Art, and fo like naked Truth, I hope you will 
excufe me for troubling you with it. 
- ., About three Weeks ago, fix Negroes made their 
fefcape from St. J ago de Cuba in a Canoe. They 
belong*d all to Jamaica^ and had been taken in 
Turtlers before you went to Cumberland Harbour. 
They were employ*d on the Works at St. Jago all 
the while our Army lay on the Ifland of Cuba. 
Two of them, who are free Negroes, and very 
fenfible rational Men, are very particular in de- 
fcribing the Place and Fortifications. They af- 
firm, that the Governor and principal Inhabitants 
were conflantly in th& utmoft Dread, left our 
Army Ihould march over Land and attack them ; 
e 2 and 

[ 2l6 ] 

and (O much were they perfwaded of this, that the 
Governor and Grandees would not truft themfelves 
to fleep in the Town or Forts, but went every 
Night into the Woods. When Dunjion^ who, you 
know, was Major of the Black Regiment, had 
march'd into the Woods with a hundred Negroes, 
the Governor and Town were in the utmoft Con- 
ilernation, bi^lieving he was fo far in his Way to 
attack them ; as he was then but fix Hours 
March, and that no very bad Road, from the 
Town. The Fellows affirm, and moft People 
here are now of Opinion, that if Dunfion had 
had one hundred Soldiers to his Blacks, and had 
marched on, the Town as well as Forts would 
have fallen into his Hands. There are many 
other Particulars, which I forbear troubling you 
with, as Dodor Fuller told me he would fend you 
the full Examination of the whole Affair. For my 
own Part, I give a moft implicit Faith to the 
whole Relation, as the poor Negroes can have no 
Party Principles, nor any other Inducement to 
make them go from the Truth. 

J. Hume. 

ExtraEi of a Letter from Port Royal in Jamaica, 
dated July 29, 1743 

A Bout two Months ago Ten wounded Spaniards 
fell under my Care. As they were all Inha- 
bitants of St. J ago de Cuba^ I had the Curiofity to 
afk them many Q^eftions relating to that Place. I 
had heard many of the Land Officers infill much 
on the Badnefsand great Length of the Road, be- 
tween the EnzUJJo Camp and Town of St. J ago ; for 
that Reafon I was very particular on that head; 


[ 217 ] 

but could hear nothing of the terrible Mountains 
and Bogs our Army ufed to talk of. I drew toge- 
ther, in the Form of the inclofed Affidavit, what 
my Patients had told me in many Converfations ; 
and after they had perufed it, afked them if they 
were willing to fwear to it ; to which they very 
readily confented. They are very fedate, fenfible 
Men, and are particularly acquainted with the Road, 
having often traveled it. They tell me their 
Countrymen are ftill at a Lofs to guefs, what it 
was that kept the Englijh from marching on after 
they landed. They ufed to fay merrily to one ano- 
ther, they believed the Englijh were come to a 
Hunting Match in their Woods, and not with any 
hoftile Defign againft the Inhabitants. 

I doubt not. Sir, but you are fufficiently pro- 
vided with Credentials of this kind : But as thefe 
People were under Arms the whole Time of the 
Expedition to Cuba, and as they are very intelligent 
Men, they muft be luppofed well acquainted with 
the State of the Place, and Sentiments of the Ene- 
my. Their Account of the Road efFeftually de- 
molifhcs the mighty Mountains and huge Rocks, 
the Lakes, the Marfhes, and the thick Woods, 
which were given as Reafons* for the Impoffibility 
of our Army's March, and were the Raw head and 
bloody Bones of that Expedition. 

Co;ly of a Depojition of Two Spaniards, Inhabitants 
of St. Jago de Cuba. 
Jamaica, ff. 

Sebajiian Fiallo, 1 1 Nhabitants of St. Jago^ 
Miguel Antonio de Flores. f A of the Ifland of C2j, 

being duly fworn up- 
on the Holy Evangclifls, fay, they were in the 
aforefaid Town when the Englijh Army was landed 


[ 2l8 ] 

on the Ifland of Cuka ; and that they were under 
Arms during the whole Time of the Englijh En- 
tampment there. The Diftance h^v^tcxi Cumberland 
Harbour, and the Town of St J ago by Land, thefe 
Deponents fay, is computed to be about twenty 
Leagues ; that the Road in dry Weather is very 
good, and eafy to be travelled by Horfc or Foot ; 
and that it is neither mountainous nor fwampy. 

Thefe Deponents further fay, that when the 
News of the Englijh Army's being landed, reached 
the Town of St. J ago, the Governor and Inhabi- 
tants were in the utmoft Confternation, expedting 
to fee them before ttheir Town every Moment; 
tfpecially as their Fortifications were in no Repair, 
nothing having been done to them from the Be- 
ginning of the War to that Time. And thefe De- 
ponents further fay, that the Spaniards had but 
little Ammunition of any Sort ; fo that it was the 
general Opinion, had the Englijh march*d foon 
after their landing, the Town would have eafily 
fallen into their Hands. 

Thefe Deponents further make Oath, That when 
^ Party of the Englijh was advanced as far as the 
Church of St. CatherinOy the Inhabitants of St. J ago 
Xpe6led they were then fo far in their Way to at- 
tack the Town ; and as the Road they had to 
march was not worfe than that they had already 
paffed, the Deponents fay, the Spaniards were fur- 
prized they had not advanced. 

The Deponents further fay. That they were un- 
der no Apprehenfions from the Shipping, the En- 
trance into the Harbour being very narrow, and 
deep Water clofe to their Fortifications ; befides, 
they had VelTels ready to fmk in the Mouth of the 
Harbour, which would have made an Entrance into 
at altogether impoflible, 

[ 219 ] 

Thefe Deponents flirther fay. That fince the 
Engit/h Fktt and Army left the IflandofC^^, the 
Town of St. Jago has been reinforced both with 
Men and Ammunition -, and that about four hun- 
dred Workmen have fince been kept conftantly 
employed in repairing their Fortifications. And 
further thefe Deponents fay not. 

^Zlt{Zl Ta' '''Ja^^tT^ SebafiianRodriguesFiallo, 
Iff Jamaica, /*;/ 26/>&o/ July, a^- ja^ j -ni 
,743. ^' ^* Miguel Antonio de Flores, 

John Hume. 


E R R A <r A, 

T)JGE 41 . lint 27. for We having, read He ha^ng. p. 78. 
X /. 5. for by Letter, read my Letter, p. irg. /. 17 for 
you are not to think, naJyo^ ought not to think. / 183. 
/. 28. for Admiral's eight Ships, read Admiral and eight Ships. 
p. 187. /. 32. for lend we, rtadifnid me. *. log. /. 26. for 

.|8f <^ 

1 'v: \ 

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